How to format your references using the Journal of Fluids and Structures citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Fluids and Structures. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Conrad, J., 2015. Reproducibility: Don’t cry wolf. Nature 523, 27–28.
A journal article with 2 authors
Deng, X.H., Matsumoto, H., 2001. Rapid magnetic reconnection in the Earth’s magnetosphere mediated by whistler waves. Nature 410, 557–560.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gonzales, E.B., Kawate, T., Gouaux, E., 2009. Pore architecture and ion sites in acid-sensing ion channels and P2X receptors. Nature 460, 599–604.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mura, A., Adriani, A., Connerney, J.E.P., Bolton, S., Altieri, F., Bagenal, F., Bonfond, B., Dinelli, B.M., Gérard, J.-C., Greathouse, T., Grodent, D., Levin, S., Mauk, B., Moriconi, M.L., Saur, J., Waite, J.H., Jr, Amoroso, M., Cicchetti, A., Fabiano, F., Filacchione, G., Grassi, D., Migliorini, A., Noschese, R., Olivieri, A., Piccioni, G., Plainaki, C., Sindoni, G., Sordini, R., Tosi, F., Turrini, D., 2018. Juno observations of spot structures and a split tail in Io-induced aurorae on Jupiter. Science 361, 774–777.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weverka, P., 2010. Microsoft® PowerPoint® 2010 All-in-One for Dummies®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Aluru, S., Parashar, M., Badrinath, R., Prasanna, V.K. (Eds.), 2007. High Performance Computing – HiPC 2007: 14th International Conference, Goa, India, December 18-21, 2007. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Romeu, J.L., 2008. Statistical Thinking and Data Analysis: Enhancing Human Rights Work, in: Asher, J., Banks, D., Scheuren, F.J. (Eds.), Statistical Methods for Human Rights. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 65–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Fluids and Structures.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. Scientists Hope To Bring Giant Galapagos Tortoise Back From Extinction [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/scientists-hope-to-bring-giant-galapagos-tortoise-back-from-extinction/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. Coast Guard Cutters: Actions Needed Now to Ensure Better Management of Parts and Supplies (No. RCED-95-62). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brasseaux, S., 2015. The Mississippi River-Gulf Outlet and Land Changes in Louisiana Deltaic Plain, Saint Bernard Parish, Louisiana (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kelly, M., 1992. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; Clinton Predicts Bush Will Trim Social Security. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Conrad, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Conrad, 2015; Deng and Matsumoto, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Deng and Matsumoto, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Mura et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Fluids and Structures
AbbreviationJ. Fluids Struct.
ISSN (print)0889-9746
ScopeMechanical Engineering

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