How to format your references using the Journal of Fluids and Structures citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Fluids and Structures. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jain, K.K., 2001. Tech.Sight. Biochips for gene spotting. Science 294, 621–623.
A journal article with 2 authors
Starace, D.M., Bezanilla, F., 2004. A proton pore in a potassium channel voltage sensor reveals a focused electric field. Nature 427, 548–553.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tanaka, S., Sawaya, M.R., Yeates, T.O., 2010. Structure and mechanisms of a protein-based organelle in Escherichia coli. Science 327, 81–84.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee, H.-N., Paeng, K., Swallen, S.F., Ediger, M.D., 2009. Direct measurement of molecular mobility in actively deformed polymer glasses. Science 323, 231–234.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cauvin, C., Escobar, F., Serradj, A., 2010. New Approaches in Thematic Cartography. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Aspray, W., 2013. Food in the Internet Age, SpringerBriefs in Food, Health, and Nutrition. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Marien, H., Steyaert, M., Heremans, P., 2013. Sensors, in: Steyaert, M., Heremans, P. (Eds.), Analog Organic Electronics: Building Blocks for Organic Smart Sensor Systems on Foil. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 111–127.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Fluids and Structures.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Study Suggests Dark Matter Could Have Contributed To Mass Extinctions On Earth [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. NASA Contract Management (No. NSIAD-96-95R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beattie, L.J., 2013. Meeting the Needs of Low Income Students (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2014. For Outsiders, Overuse Isn’t a Worry. New York Times B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fujita, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Rempe, 2014; Vukusic, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Starace and Bezanilla, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Xiang et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Fluids and Structures
AbbreviationJ. Fluids Struct.
ISSN (print)0889-9746
ScopeMechanical Engineering

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