How to format your references using the Journal of Fluids and Structures citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Fluids and Structures. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shindell, D., 2003. Climate change. Whither Arctic climate? Science 299, 215–216.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wrachtrup, J., Finkler, A., 2014. Applied physics: Hybrid sensors ring the changes. Nature 512, 380–381.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mancini, G., Ferrari, P.F., Palagi, E., 2013. Rapid facial mimicry in geladas. Sci. Rep. 3, 1527.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tan, H.L., Bink-Boelkens, M.T., Bezzina, C.R., Viswanathan, P.C., Beaufort-Krol, G.C., van Tintelen, P.J., van den Berg, M.P., Wilde, A.A., Balser, J.R., 2001. A sodium-channel mutation causes isolated cardiac conduction disease. Nature 409, 1043–1047.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perez, A., 2016. VoLTE and ViLTE. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Jong, T. de, 2009. Explorations in Learning and the Brain: On the Potential of Cognitive Neuroscience for Educational Science. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Luu, G.T., Duy, T.T., 2016. Comparison Between Parametric and Non-Parametric Approaches for Time-Varying Delay Estimation with Application to Electromyography Signals, in: Vinh, P.C., Barolli, L. (Eds.), Nature of Computation and Communication: Second International Conference, ICTCC 2016, Rach Gia, Vietnam, March 17-18, 2016, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 43–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Fluids and Structures.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Quantum Property Of Vacuum Finally Observed Thanks To Neutron Star [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. Transportation Infrastructure: Flexibility in Federal-Aid Funding Essential to Highway Program Restructuring (No. T-RCED-91-4). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Amin, R.M., 2010. Detecting targeted malicious email through supervised classification of persistent threat and recipient oriented features (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2003. Glittering Prizes. New York Times 141.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shindell, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Shindell, 2003; Wrachtrup and Finkler, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wrachtrup and Finkler, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Tan et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Fluids and Structures
AbbreviationJ. Fluids Struct.
ISSN (print)0889-9746
ScopeMechanical Engineering

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