How to format your references using the Journal of Fluids and Structures citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Fluids and Structures. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Taylor, P.L., 2007. Rules of engagement. Nature 450, 163–164.
A journal article with 2 authors
Megens, M., Aizenberg, J., 2003. Capillary attraction: like-charged particles at liquid interfaces. Nature 424, 1014; discussion 1014.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gray, H.M., Gray, K., Wegner, D.M., 2007. Dimensions of mind perception. Science 315, 619.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yu, Y.-S., Han, D.-S., Yoo, M.-W., Lee, K.-S., Choi, Y.-S., Jung, H., Lee, J., Im, M.-Y., Fischer, P., Kim, S.-K., 2013. Resonant amplification of vortex-core oscillations by coherent magnetic-field pulses. Sci. Rep. 3, 1301.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Beiser, L., 2005. Unified Optical Scanning Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kwak, D., 2011. Computation of Viscous Incompressible Flows, Scientific Computation. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Connor, M.J., Oommen, A., 2015. Clinical Pearls: Non-dialytic Management of Kidney Complications in the Postoperative Period, in: Thakar, C.V., Parikh, C.R. (Eds.), Perioperative Kidney Injury: Principles of Risk Assessment, Diagnosis and Treatment. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 53–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Fluids and Structures.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2017. Researcher Confirms The Effectiveness Of Fertility Technique That Led To His Conception [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2002. Airport Finance: Using Airport Grant Funds for Security Projects Has Affected Some Development Projects (No. GAO-03-27). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lewis, S.S., 2006. Identification of Stress-Responsive Genes in the Early Larval Stage of the Fathead Minnow Pimephales promelas (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M., 2010. Shop Till You’re Thirsty. New York Times E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Taylor, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Megens and Aizenberg, 2003; Taylor, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Megens and Aizenberg, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Yu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Fluids and Structures
AbbreviationJ. Fluids Struct.
ISSN (print)0889-9746
ScopeMechanical Engineering

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