How to format your references using the Journal of Fluids and Structures citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Fluids and Structures. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Poethig, R.S., 2003. Phase change and the regulation of developmental timing in plants. Science 301, 334–336.
A journal article with 2 authors
West, P.M., Packer, C., 2002. Sexual selection, temperature, and the lion’s mane. Science 297, 1339–1343.
A journal article with 3 authors
Russell, D.G., Barry, C.E., 3rd, Flynn, J.L., 2010. Tuberculosis: what we don’t know can, and does, hurt us. Science 328, 852–856.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sander, P.M., Mateus, O., Laven, T., Knötschke, N., 2006. Bone histology indicates insular dwarfism in a new Late Jurassic sauropod dinosaur. Nature 441, 739–741.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simpkins, A.M., Simpkins, C.A., 2010. Meditation and Yoga in Psychotherapy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Gutiérrez-López, G.F., Barbosa-Cánovas, G.V., Welti-Chanes, J., Parada-Arias, E. (Eds.), 2008. Food Engineering: Integrated Approaches, Food Engineering series. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, H., 2014. Epidemiological Investigation of AIDS, in: Li, H. (Ed.), Radiology of HIV/AIDS: A Practical Approach. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 25–29.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Fluids and Structures.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. There Are Now Just Six Northern White Rhinos Left On Earth [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Next Generation Air Transportation System: Status of Transformation and Issues Associated with Midterm Implementation of Capabilities (No. GAO-09-479T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eutz, R.J., 2014. The experiences of Recovery High School students: Using empirical phenomenology to garner knowledge (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bernard, T.S., 2017. Prosecutors Open Criminal Investigation Into Sweeping Equifax Data Breach. New York Times B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Poethig, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Poethig, 2003; West and Packer, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (West and Packer, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Sander et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Fluids and Structures
AbbreviationJ. Fluids Struct.
ISSN (print)0889-9746
ScopeMechanical Engineering

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