How to format your references using the Journal of Fluids and Structures citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Fluids and Structures. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nayar, A., 2009. Earth science: A lakeful of trouble. Nature 460, 321–323.
A journal article with 2 authors
Parkes, D.C., Wellman, M.P., 2015. Economic reasoning and artificial intelligence. Science 349, 267–272.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schultz, P.H., Staid, M.I., Pieters, C.M., 2006. Lunar activity from recent gas release. Nature 444, 184–186.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tsoi, M., Jansen, A.G., Bass, J., Chiang, W.C., Tsoi, V., V., Wyder, P., 2000. Generation and detection of phase-coherent current-driven magnons in magnetic multilayers. Nature 406, 46–48.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, G.S., 2013. Straight to the Top. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Becker, C., Fried, R., Kuhnt, S. (Eds.), 2013. Robustness and Complex Data Structures: Festschrift in Honour of Ursula Gather. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Porwit, A., 2012. The Expanding Diagnostic Role of Flow Cytometry in Bone Marrow Studies of Patients with Lymphomas and Plasma Cell Disorders, in: Anagnostou, D., Matutes, E. (Eds.), Bone Marrow Lymphoid Infiltrates: Diagnosis and Clinical Impact. Springer, London, pp. 47–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Fluids and Structures.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Rare Antibody Found To Neutralize 98% Of All HIV Strains [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Computer-Based Patient Records: VA and DOD Efforts to Exchange Health Data Could Benefit from Improved Planning and Project Management (No. GAO-04-687). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hill, J.A., 2012. Classical three-body systems and the Kolmogorov-Arnold-Moser theorem (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, J., 2016. Climate Deal Called Too Weak to Meet Goals. New York Times A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nayar, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Nayar, 2009; Parkes and Wellman, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Parkes and Wellman, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Tsoi et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Fluids and Structures
AbbreviationJ. Fluids Struct.
ISSN (print)0889-9746
ScopeMechanical Engineering

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