How to format your references using the Pastoral Care in Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pastoral Care in Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Laughlin, G. (2015). Astronomy: A Mars-sized exoplanet. Nature, 522(7556), 290–291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gillespie, P. G., & Walker, R. G. (2001). Molecular basis of mechanosensory transduction. Nature, 413(6852), 194–202.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lin, S.-C., Lo, Y.-C., & Wu, H. (2010). Helical assembly in the MyD88-IRAK4-IRAK2 complex in TLR/IL-1R signalling. Nature, 465(7300), 885–890.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hart, S. D., Maskaly, G. R., Temelkuran, B., Prideaux, P. H., Joannopoulos, J. D., & Fink, Y. (2002). External reflection from omnidirectional dielectric mirror fibers. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5567), 510–513.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Henden, J. (2011). Beating Combat Stress. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Desai, M., Jellis, C., & Yingchoncharoen, T. (Eds.). (2015). An Atlas of Mitral Valve Imaging. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
García-Carpintero, M. (2013). Self-Conception: Sosa on De Se Thought. In J. Turri (Ed.), Virtuous Thoughts: The Philosophy of Ernest Sosa (pp. 73–99). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pastoral Care in Education.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017, February 8). 83 Percent Of Us Will Suffer From A Mental Disorder, According To Study. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Aviation Security: FAA’s Procurement of Explosives Detection Devices (No. RCED-97-111R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alla, B. (2017). Wellbore Stability Analysis of Sanish Field using 3-D Finite Element Model: Bakken Case Study (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Haskell, D. G. (2013, March 30). Nature’s Case for Same-Sex Marriage. New York Times, p. A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Laughlin, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Gillespie & Walker, 2001; Laughlin, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gillespie & Walker, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Lin, Lo, & Wu, 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hart et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titlePastoral Care in Education
AbbreviationPastor. Care Educ.
ISSN (print)0264-3944
ISSN (online)1468-0122
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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