How to format your references using the Pastoral Care in Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pastoral Care in Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moses, M. (2009). Being human: engineering: worldwide ebb. Nature, 457(7230), 660–661.
A journal article with 2 authors
Murray, J., & Segall, P. (2002). Testing time-predictable earthquake recurrence by direct measurement of strain accumulation and release. Nature, 419(6904), 287–291.
A journal article with 3 authors
Foulquier, S., Steckelings, U. M., & Unger, T. (2013). Perspective: A tale of two receptors. Nature, 493(7434), S9.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mustard, J. F., Poulet, F., Gendrin, A., Bibring, J.-P., Langevin, Y., Gondet, B., Mangold, N., Bellucci, G., & Altieri, F. (2005). Olivine and pyroxene diversity in the crust of Mars. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5715), 1594–1597.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moore, R. G., & Garland, A. (2008). Cognitive Therapy for Chronic and Persistent Depression. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kalyebara, B. (2014). Corporate Governance, Capital Markets, and Capital Budgeting: An Integrated Approach (S. M. N. Islam, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ferrandiz, T., & Marangozova, V. (2008). Managing Scheduling and Replication in the LHC Grid. In R. Yahyapour & W. Ziegler (Eds.), Grid Middleware and Services: Challenges and Solutions (pp. 65–77). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pastoral Care in Education.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, October 18). These Are The World’s Most Empathetic Countries. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1985). Evaluation of Army’s Mobile Subscriber Equipment Program (NSIAD-85-117). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Banks, G. M. (2009). The revolution will not be gender-ized [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2003, June 19). World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Opposition Fails To Topple Premier. New York Times, A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moses, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Moses, 2009; Murray & Segall, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Murray & Segall, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Foulquier et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Mustard et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titlePastoral Care in Education
AbbreviationPastor. Care Educ.
ISSN (print)0264-3944
ISSN (online)1468-0122
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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