How to format your references using the Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Makous, W., 2007. Comment on “Emergence of novel color vision in mice engineered to express a human cone photopigment.” Science 318, 196; author reply 196.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sprangers, R., Kay, L.E., 2007. Quantitative dynamics and binding studies of the 20S proteasome by NMR. Nature 445, 618–622.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, W., Shimada, S., Tanaka, M., 2002. Synthesis and structure of formally hexavalent palladium complexes. Science 295, 308–310.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Knutti, R., Flückiger, J., Stocker, T.F., Timmermann, A., 2004. Strong hemispheric coupling of glacial climate through freshwater discharge and ocean circulation. Nature 430, 851–856.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sofronas, A., 2012. Case Histories in Vibration Analysis and Metal Fatigue for the Practicing Engineer. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hirose, A., Ozawa, S., Doya, K., Ikeda, K., Lee, M., Liu, D. (Eds.), 2016. Neural Information Processing: 23rd International Conference, ICONIP 2016, Kyoto, Japan, October 16–21, 2016, Proceedings, Part III, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Scuderi, E., Parrinello, R.E., Izal, D., Perrucci, G.P., Fitzek, F.H.P., Palazzo, S., Molinaro, A., 2010. A Mobile Platform for Measurements in Dynamic Topology Wireless Networks, in: Giusto, D., Iera, A., Morabito, G., Atzori, L. (Eds.), The Internet of Things: 20th Tyrrhenian Workshop on Digital Communications. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 49–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Nobel Prize in Chemistry Awarded to Scientists for Microscope Breakthrough [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Contracts Under the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (No. OGC-96-23). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Osifalujo, A., 2015. Code-switching in Working African Americans: Internalized Racism, Minority Status, and Organizational Commitment (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, L., 2008. The Hebrew School. New York Times M280.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Makous, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Makous, 2007; Sprangers and Kay, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sprangers and Kay, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Knutti et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics
AbbreviationJ. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys.
ISSN (print)1364-6826
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Space and Planetary Science

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