How to format your references using the Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sarewitz, D., 2010. Double trouble? To throw cash at science is a mistake. Nature 468, 135.
A journal article with 2 authors
Johansson, L.C., Norberg, U.M., 2000. Asymmetric toes aid underwater swimming. Nature 407, 582–583.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brooks, C.L., 3rd, Onuchic, J.N., Wales, D.J., 2001. Statistical thermodynamics. Taking a walk on a landscape. Science 293, 612–613.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sañudo-Wilhelmy, S.A., Tovar-Sanchez, A., Fu, F.-X., Capone, D.G., Carpenter, E.J., Hutchins, D.A., 2004. The impact of surface-adsorbed phosphorus on phytoplankton Redfield stoichiometry. Nature 432, 897–901.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, J.T., 1999. Methods of Geometry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Grech, L., Lau, A. (Eds.), 2016. Pharmaceutical Care Issues of Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis: From Hospital to Community. Springer, Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
Haddad, M.R., Baazaoui, H., Aufaure, M.A., Claramunt, C., Lechevallier, Y., Ghezala, H.B., 2009. Towards an Integration of Space and Accessibility in Web Personalization, in: Carswell, J.D., Fotheringham, A.S., McArdle, G. (Eds.), Web and Wireless Geographical Information Systems: 9th International Symposium, W2GIS 2009, Maynooth, Ireland, December 7-8, 2009. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 39–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Elon Musk Wants To Launch 4,000 Satellites That Will Provide Internet From Space [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Financial Literacy: Enhancing the Effectiveness of the Federal Government’s Role (No. GAO-12-636T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carey, S.A., 2013. Assessing the presence of antibiotic-resistant Enterococcus in reclaimed water used for spray irrigation (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2001. UPPER WEST SIDE. New York Times 145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sarewitz, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Johansson and Norberg, 2000; Sarewitz, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Johansson and Norberg, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Sañudo-Wilhelmy et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics
AbbreviationJ. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys.
ISSN (print)1364-6826
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Space and Planetary Science

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