How to format your references using the Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sumper, M., 2002. A phase separation model for the nanopatterning of diatom biosilica. Science 295, 2430–2433.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nielsen, T., Kuijpers, A., 2013. Only 5 southern Greenland shelf edge glaciations since the early Pliocene. Sci. Rep. 3, 1875.
A journal article with 3 authors
Allard, P., Burton, M., Muré, F., 2005. Spectroscopic evidence for a lava fountain driven by previously accumulated magmatic gas. Nature 433, 407–410.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Saint-Ruf, C., Panigada, M., Azogui, O., Debey, P., von Boehmer, H., Grassi, F., 2000. Different initiation of pre-TCR and gammadeltaTCR signalling. Nature 406, 524–527.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knudsen, S., 2005. Guide to Analysis of DNA Microarray Data. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Wang, D., Reynolds, M. (Eds.), 2011. AI 2011: Advances in Artificial Intelligence: 24th Australasian Joint Conference, Perth, Australia, December 5-8, 2011. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Margaria, T., Hinchey, M.G., Raffelt, H., Rash, J.L., Rouff, C.A., Steffen, B., 2006. Completing and Adapting Models of Biological Processes, in: Pan, Y., Rammig, F.J., Schmeck, H., Solar, M. (Eds.), Biologically Inspired Cooperative Computing: IFIP 19th World Computer Congress, TC 10: 1st IFIP International Conference on Biologically Inspired Computing, August 21–24, 2006, Santiago, Chile, IFIP International Federation for Information Processing. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 43–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2015. Scientists Discover Weak Spot Of The Superbug MRSA [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. NASA’s Resource Data Base and Techniques for Supporting, Planning, and Controlling Programs Need Improvement (No. PSAD-77-78). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Singh, A., 2017. Improving the Usability of Typometric Solutions (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B., 2017. Keeping the Dream Kickin’. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sumper, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Nielsen and Kuijpers, 2013; Sumper, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nielsen and Kuijpers, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Saint-Ruf et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics
AbbreviationJ. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys.
ISSN (print)1364-6826
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Space and Planetary Science

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