How to format your references using the Zeszyty Naukowe WCO, Letters in Oncology Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Zeszyty Naukowe WCO, Letters in Oncology Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Kramer, Astronomy. Extreme spinning tops, Science. 324 (2009) 1396–1397.
A journal article with 2 authors
K. Hinde, Z.T. Lewis, MICROBIOTA. Mother’s littlest helpers, Science. 348 (2015) 1427–1428.
A journal article with 3 authors
C.R. Weston, D.G. Lambright, R.J. Davis, Signal transduction. MAP kinase signaling specificity, Science. 296 (2002) 2345–2347.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K.O. Hensel, V. Boland, J. Postberg, M. Zilbauer, R. Heuschkel, S. Vogel, D. Gödde, S. Wirth, A.C. Jenke, Differential expression of mucosal trefoil factors and mucins in pediatric inflammatory bowel diseases, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7343.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Blair, Organic Production and Food Quality, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2011.
An edited book
M. Klaas, E. Koch, W. Schröder, eds., Fundamental Medical and Engineering Investigations on Protective Artificial Respiration: A Collection of Papers from the DFG Funded Research Program PAR, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
L.Z. Karvalics, Emerging New Information Literacies – A Conceptual Outlook, in: S. Kurbanoğlu, S. Špiranec, E. Grassian, D. Mizrachi, R. Catts (Eds.), Information Literacy. Lifelong Learning and Digital Citizenship in the 21st Century: Second European Conference, ECIL 2014, Dubrovnik, Croatia, October 20-23, 2014. Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 37–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Zeszyty Naukowe WCO, Letters in Oncology Science.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Laboratory Grown Vaginas Successfully Transplanted Into Patients, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, CROSSTALK and Mirror: What’s New Under the CROSSTALK Standard--Part 1, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
N.S. Patrick, Employees’ Perceptions of Employers’ Response After Workplace Injury, Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
E. St. John Kelly, Almost Tudor Interior, but Ignoble Facade, New York Times. (1998) 149.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleZeszyty Naukowe WCO, Letters in Oncology Science
ISSN (print)1734-0489

Other styles