How to format your references using the Journal of Financial Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Financial Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stevens, M.J., 2014. Materials science. How shape affects microtubule and nanoparticle assembly. Science 343, 981–982.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schulze-Lefert, P., Bieri, S., 2005. Plant sciences. Recognition at a distance. Science 308, 506–508.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dunn, B., Kamath, H., Tarascon, J.-M., 2011. Electrical energy storage for the grid: a battery of choices. Science 334, 928–935.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chhangani, D., Upadhyay, A., Amanullah, A., Joshi, V., Mishra, A., 2014. Ubiquitin ligase ITCH recruitment suppresses the aggregation and cellular toxicity of cytoplasmic misfolded proteins. Sci. Rep. 4, 5077.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lißner, K., Rug, W., 2016. Der Eurocode 5 für Deutschland Eurocode 5: Bemessung und Konstruktion von Holzbauten. Wilhelm Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin, Germany.
An edited book
Kordy, B., Ekstedt, M., Kim, D.S. (Eds.), 2016. Graphical Models for Security: Third International Workshop, GraMSec 2016, Lisbon, Portugal, June 27, 2016, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Popielawska, J., 2010. Eastern Partnership: The Polish Perspective, in: Arvanitopoulos, C., Botsiou, K.E. (Eds.), The Constantinos Karamanlis Institute for Democracy Yearbook 2010, The Constantinos Karamanlis Institute for Democracy Yearbook Series. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 45–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Financial Economics.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Teenager Invents Energy-Generating Shoe Insoles [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Food Assistance: Processing of USDA Commodities Donated to the National School Lunch Program (No. RCED-92-67). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Herkert, H.L., 2015. Toward an Unseen Shore: Imaginative Thinking in Childhood Grief (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dynarski, S., 2014. Finding Shock Absorbers for Student Debt. New York Times BU8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stevens, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Schulze-Lefert and Bieri, 2005; Stevens, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schulze-Lefert and Bieri, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Chhangani et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Financial Economics
AbbreviationJ. financ. econ.
ISSN (print)0304-405X
Strategy and Management
Economics and Econometrics

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