How to format your references using the Journal of Financial Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Financial Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grubb, M., 2012. Emissions trading: Cap and trade finds new energy. Nature 491, 666–667.
A journal article with 2 authors
Charbonnel, C., Talon, S., 2005. Influence of gravity waves on the internal rotation and Li abundance of solar-type stars. Science 309, 2189–2191.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cheng, N., Tsunenari, T., Yau, K.-W., 2009. Intrinsic light response of retinal horizontal cells of teleosts. Nature 460, 899–903.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kilinc, D., Blasiak, A., O’Mahony, J.J., Lee, G.U., 2014. Low piconewton towing of CNS axons against diffusing and surface-bound repellents requires the inhibition of motor protein-associated pathways. Sci. Rep. 4, 7128.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Somjit, N., Robertson, I., Chongcheawchamnan, M., 2016. Microwave and Millimetre-Wave Design for Wireless Communications. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Li, S., 2012. 3D TCAD Simulation for Semiconductor Processes, Devices and Optoelectronics, 1st ed. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
AbuZeina, D., Elshafei, M., 2012. Cross-Word Pronunciation Variations, in: Elshafei, M. (Ed.), Cross-Word Modeling for Arabic Speech Recognition, SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 35–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Financial Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013. A 1.8 million year old skull indicates there may have been just one human species on Earth at that time [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. NASA: Assessments of Selected Large-Scale Projects [Reissued on March 26, 2015] (No. GAO-15-320SP). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zepeda, S., 2012. Housing First assertive community treatment program for adults with schizophrenia and co-occurring substance abuse: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2015. A Title Once Held by Ruth and Berra Now Belongs to . . . New York Times B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grubb, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Charbonnel and Talon, 2005; Grubb, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Charbonnel and Talon, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Kilinc et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Financial Economics
AbbreviationJ. financ. econ.
ISSN (print)0304-405X
Strategy and Management
Economics and Econometrics

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