How to format your references using the Journal of Financial Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Financial Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Felten, D.L., 2006. IRBs: going too far or not far enough? Science 313, 1388–9; author reply 1388-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Giovannoni, S.J., Vergin, K.L., 2012. Seasonality in ocean microbial communities. Science 335, 671–676.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pichersky, E., Noel, J.P., Dudareva, N., 2006. Biosynthesis of plant volatiles: nature’s diversity and ingenuity. Science 311, 808–811.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Park, S., Lim, B.T., Kim, B., Son, H.J., Chung, D.S., 2014. High mobility polymer based on a π-extended benzodithiophene and its application for fast switching transistor and high gain photoconductor. Sci. Rep. 4, 5482.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Langton, R., 2006. Stability and Control of Aircraft Systems. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, England.
An edited book
Kroneck, P.M.H., Torres, M.E.S. (Eds.), 2014. The Metal-Driven Biogeochemistry of Gaseous Compounds in the Environment, Metal Ions in Life Sciences. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Bridges, D., 2014. The Discipline(s) of Educational Research, in: Reid, A.D., Hart, E.P., Peters, M.A. (Eds.), A Companion to Research in Education. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 31–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Financial Economics.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Female Sperm Whales Have Best Friends Too [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Federal Aviation Administration: Challenges Facing the Agency in Fiscal Year 2009 and Beyond (No. GAO-08-460T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Meissner, R., 2009. Analyzing inpatient hospital costs by payer: What do they mean for the future of health care in America? (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yoo, J., 2017. Forget Watergate. Think Iran-Contra. New York Times A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Felten, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Felten, 2006; Giovannoni and Vergin, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Giovannoni and Vergin, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Park et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Financial Economics
AbbreviationJ. financ. econ.
ISSN (print)0304-405X
Strategy and Management
Economics and Econometrics

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