How to format your references using the Journal of Financial Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Financial Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Golbeck, J., 2008. Computer science. Weaving a Web of trust. Science 321, 1640–1641.
A journal article with 2 authors
Harris, S.E., Bellino, M., 2013. IBI* series winner. DNA barcoding from NYC to Belize. Science 342, 1462–1463.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, D., Lin, B.-J., Lee, A.K., 2012. Hippocampal place fields emerge upon single-cell manipulation of excitability during behavior. Science 337, 849–853.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, M., Wang, T., Ma, H., Fu, Y., Hu, K., Guan, C., 2014. Assembly of luminescent ordered multilayer thin-films based on oppositely-charged MMT and magnetic NiFe-LDHs nanosheets with ultra-long lifetimes. Sci. Rep. 4, 7147.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sheldrake, P., 2014. The Spiritual City. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Morrison, F.L. (Ed.), 2016. Fiscal Rules - Limits on Governmental Deficits and Debt, Ius Comparatum - Global Studies in Comparative Law. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Cook, R.F., 2005. Microstructural Control of Indentation Crack Extension under Externally Applied Stress, in: Bradt, R.C., Munz, D., Sakai, M., White, K.W. (Eds.), Fracture Mechanics of Ceramics: Active Materials, Nanoscale Materials, Composites, Glass and Fundamentals. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 57–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Financial Economics.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Rats Able To Use Tools In The Lab [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1975. College Work-Study Program (No. 089627). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mahmud, S., 2017. Comparing the Performance of Bottom-Moored and Unmanned Surface Vehicle Towed Passive Acoustic Monitoring Platforms for Marine Mammal Detections (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stellin, S., 2013. They Owe You: Compensation for Your Troubles. New York Times TR2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Scott, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Guberman, 2001; Jayaraman, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Harris and Bellino, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Paria et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Financial Economics
AbbreviationJ. financ. econ.
ISSN (print)0304-405X
Strategy and Management
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles