How to format your references using the Journal of Financial Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Financial Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Roelfsema, P.R., 2011. Neuroscience. Attention--voluntary control of brain cells. Science 332, 1512–1513.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hanson, R., Awschalom, D.D., 2008. Coherent manipulation of single spins in semiconductors. Nature 453, 1043–1049.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pertsinidis, A., Zhang, Y., Chu, S., 2010. Subnanometre single-molecule localization, registration and distance measurements. Nature 466, 647–651.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dai, Z., Liu, J.T., Wei, W., Chen, J., 2014. Detection of the Three Gorges Dam influence on the Changjiang (Yangtze River) submerged delta. Sci. Rep. 4, 6600.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hecht, J., 2008. Understanding Lasers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Schulzrinne, H., State, R., Niccolini, S. (Eds.), 2008. Principles, Systems and Applications of IP Telecommunications. Services and Security for Next Generation Networks: Second International Conference, IPTComm 2008, Heidelberg, Germany, July 1-2, 2008. Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Sonwani, S., Saxena, P., Kulshrestha, U., 2016. Role of Global Warming and Plant Signaling in BVOC Emissions, in: Kulshrestha, U., Saxena, P. (Eds.), Plant Responses to Air Pollution. Springer, Singapore, pp. 45–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Financial Economics.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Mammals Took Over The World Remarkably Quickly After The Dinosaurs Bit The Dust [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011. Space Research: Content and Coordination of Space Science and Technology Strategy Need to Be More Robust (No. GAO-11-722). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Muniyappa, V.K., 2012. Performance analysis of IPv4 versus IPv6 in a simple campus network (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Reinhart, M.K., 2015. High-Profile Union Ends Abruptly. New York Times ST14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Roelfsema, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Hanson and Awschalom, 2008; Roelfsema, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hanson and Awschalom, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Dai et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Financial Economics
AbbreviationJ. financ. econ.
ISSN (print)0304-405X
Strategy and Management
Economics and Econometrics

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