How to format your references using the Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knight, R.T., 2007. Neuroscience. Neural networks debunk phrenology. Science 316, 1578–1579.
A journal article with 2 authors
Warner, D.A., Shine, R., 2008. The adaptive significance of temperature-dependent sex determination in a reptile. Nature 451, 566–568.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sharp, D.J., Rogers, G.C., Scholey, J.M., 2000. Microtubule motors in mitosis. Nature 407, 41–47.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mold, J.E., Michaëlsson, J., Burt, T.D., Muench, M.O., Beckerman, K.P., Busch, M.P., Lee, T.-H., Nixon, D.F., McCune, J.M., 2008. Maternal alloantigens promote the development of tolerogenic fetal regulatory T cells in utero. Science 322, 1562–1565.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Katsilambros, N., Diakoumopoulou, E., Ioannidis, I., Liatis, S., Makrilakis, K., Tentolouris, N., Tsapogas, P., 2006. Diabetes in Clinical Practice. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Chen, L., Ryan, M.D., Wang, G. (Eds.), 2008. Information and Communications Security: 10th International Conference, ICICS 2008 Birmingham, UK, October 20 - 22, 2008 Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Miatton, M., 2015. Neuropsychological Aspects in Children and Adolescents with ConHD, in: Callus, E., Quadri, E. (Eds.), Clinical Psychology and Congenital Heart Disease: Lifelong Psychological Aspects and Interventions. Springer, Milano, pp. 69–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Ancient Artwork Depicts Collapse of Egypt’s Animal Communities [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1971. Relationship of Contractor and Grantee ADP Activities (No. 092981). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Saha, P., 2008. Application hardware-software co-design for reconfigurable computing systems (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J., 2017. Poets to Discover. New York Times BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knight, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Knight, 2007; Warner and Shine, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Warner and Shine, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Mold et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Asia-Pacific Entomology
AbbreviationJ. Asia. Pac. Entomol.
ISSN (print)1226-8615
ScopeInsect Science

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