How to format your references using the Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shaffer, C.H., 2006. The charge-up man. Nature 444, 652.
A journal article with 2 authors
Broccoli, A.J., Klein, S.A., 2010. Comment on “Observational and model evidence for positive low-level cloud feedback.” Science 329, 277; author reply 277.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sampat, B.N., Shadlen, K.C., Amin, T.M., 2012. Intellectual property. Challenges to India’s pharmaceutical patent laws. Science 337, 414–415.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bachnoff, N., Cohen-Kutner, M., Trus, M., Atlas, D., 2013. Intra-membrane signaling between the voltage-gated Ca2+-channel and cysteine residues of syntaxin 1A coordinates synchronous release. Sci. Rep. 3, 1620.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Johnson, M.D., 2016. Great Myths of Intimate Relationships. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Jensen, R.R., Gatrell, J.D., McLean, D. (Eds.), 2007. Geo-Spatial Technologies in Urban Environments: Policy, Practice, and Pixels, Second Edition. ed. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Fitzgerald, J.B., George, J., Christenson, L.K., 2016. Non-coding RNA in Ovarian Development and Disease, in: Wilhelm, D., Bernard, P. (Eds.), Non-Coding RNA and the Reproductive System, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 79–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. Ancient Hot Spring On Mars May Contain Signs Of Past Life [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2002. Telecommunications: History and Current Issues Related to Radio Spectrum Management (No. GAO-02-814T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Narayanan, B.C., 2008. Structure function diversity within the phosphoenolpyruvate mutase/isocitrate lyase superfamily as revealed by the enzymes oxaloacetate decarboxylase and 2,3-dimethylmalate lyase (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Clarke, J., 2016. What’s the Circuit’s Most Fearsome Bull Afraid Of? You Name It. New York Times D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shaffer, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Broccoli and Klein, 2010; Shaffer, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Broccoli and Klein, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Bachnoff et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Asia-Pacific Entomology
AbbreviationJ. Asia. Pac. Entomol.
ISSN (print)1226-8615
ScopeInsect Science

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