How to format your references using the Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Müller, B., 2011. Physics. The limits of ordinary matter. Science 332, 1513–1514.
A journal article with 2 authors
Win, M.N., Smolke, C.D., 2008. Higher-order cellular information processing with synthetic RNA devices. Science 322, 456–460.
A journal article with 3 authors
Miller, P.M., Gavrilets, S., Rice, W.R., 2006. Sexual conflict via maternal-effect genes in ZW species. Science 312, 73.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Duke, A.R., Jenkins, M.W., Lu, H., McManus, J.M., Chiel, H.J., Jansen, E.D., 2013. Transient and selective suppression of neural activity with infrared light. Sci. Rep. 3, 2600.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mauthe, A., Thomas, P., 2005. Professional Content Management Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Perry, R.P., Smart, J.C. (Eds.), 2007. The Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education: An Evidence-Based Perspective. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Svahn, P., 2015. Through the Northern Sea Route by Stena Polaris: A logbook, in: Keupp, M.M. (Ed.), The Northern Sea Route: A Comprehensive Analysis. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, Wiesbaden, pp. 69–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. Hacked By Your Fridge: The Internet Of Things Could Spark A New Wave Of Cyber Attacks [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Wood Utilization: Federal Research and Product Development Activities, Support, and Technology Transfer (No. GAO-06-624). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hess, J.P., 2012. Exploring the Challenges of Training and Developing Millennials in the Business Environment (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K., 2004. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Inquiry Into British Council. New York Times A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Müller, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Müller, 2011; Win and Smolke, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Win and Smolke, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Duke et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Asia-Pacific Entomology
AbbreviationJ. Asia. Pac. Entomol.
ISSN (print)1226-8615
ScopeInsect Science

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