How to format your references using the Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Anbar, A.D., 2008. Oceans. Elements and evolution. Science 322, 1481–1483.
A journal article with 2 authors
Asimow, P.D., Langmuir, C.H., 2003. The importance of water to oceanic mantle melting regimes. Nature 421, 815–820.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, C., Zhang, X., Cao, Z., 2005. Triangular and Fibonacci number patterns driven by stress on core/shell microstructures. Science 309, 909–911.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Turner, S., Tonarini, S., Bindeman, I., Leeman, W.P., Schaefer, B.F., 2007. Boron and oxygen isotope evidence for recycling of subducted components over the past 2.5 Gyr. Nature 447, 702–705.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Keene, A., 2013. Keene on the Market. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Vahrenhold, J. (Ed.), 2009. Experimental Algorithms: 8th International Symposium, SEA 2009, Dortmund, Germany, June 4-6, 2009. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Swamee, P.K., Chahar, B.R., 2015. General Principles of Canal Design, in: Chahar, B.R. (Ed.), Design of Canals, Springer Transactions in Civil and Environmental Engineering. Springer India, New Delhi, pp. 59–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. The CEO Of That EpiPen Price Gouging Company Was Just Caught Lying To Congress [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1981. Opportunities Still Exist To Better Use the Mint’s Data Processing Center (No. GGD-81-64). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pantallion, A.S., 2015. A parallel comparison of views regarding student preparation for introductory college chemistry (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M.J.O., 2014. Friday File. New York Times C31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Anbar, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Anbar, 2008; Asimow and Langmuir, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Asimow and Langmuir, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Turner et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Asia-Pacific Entomology
AbbreviationJ. Asia. Pac. Entomol.
ISSN (print)1226-8615
ScopeInsect Science

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