How to format your references using the Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Helander, M.G., 2012. Applied physics. Solution-processible electrodes. Science 336, 302–303.
A journal article with 2 authors
Whorton, M.R., MacKinnon, R., 2013. X-ray structure of the mammalian GIRK2-βγ G-protein complex. Nature 498, 190–197.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, J.L.C., Everitt, B.J., Thomas, K.L., 2004. Independent cellular processes for hippocampal memory consolidation and reconsolidation. Science 304, 839–843.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Regal, C.A., Ticknor, C., Bohn, J.L., Jin, D.S., 2003. Creation of ultracold molecules from a Fermi gas of atoms. Nature 424, 47–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blundell, A., Harrison, R., Turney, B., 2010. The Essential Guide to Becoming a Doctor. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Bruno, I., Jany-Catrice, F., Touchelay, B. (Eds.), 2016. The Social Sciences of Quantification: From Politics of Large Numbers to Target-Driven Policies, Logic, Argumentation & Reasoning, Interdisciplinary Perspectives from the Humanities and Social Sciences. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Anastasio, T.J., 2015. Computer Modeling in Neuroscience: From Imperative to Declarative Programming, in: Martí-Oliet, N., Ölveczky, P.C., Talcott, C. (Eds.), Logic, Rewriting, and Concurrency: Essays Dedicated to José Meseguer on the Occasion of His 65th Birthday, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 97–113.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. LightSail Loses Contact Thanks To Software Glitch [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982. Discontinuance of Social Security Student Benefits (No. 117523). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grandon, J., 2015. The Distribution of Apiaceae in Lafayette and St. Martin Parishes (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson, G., 2014. An Apple a Day, and Other Myths. New York Times D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Helander, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Helander, 2012; Whorton and MacKinnon, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Whorton and MacKinnon, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Regal et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Asia-Pacific Entomology
AbbreviationJ. Asia. Pac. Entomol.
ISSN (print)1226-8615
ScopeInsect Science

Other styles