How to format your references using the Journal of Arthroscopy and Joint Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Arthroscopy and Joint Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Church G. Let us go forth and safely multiply. Nature. 2005;438(7067):423.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moore G, Wilson EO. Center for Applied Biodiversity Science. Integrating science and conservation. Nature. 2000;405(6783):254.
A journal article with 3 authors
Uyanik M, Hayashi H, Ishihara K. High-turnover hypoiodite catalysis for asymmetric synthesis of tocopherols. Science. 2014;345(6194):291-294.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ostermann A, Waschipky R, Parak FG, Nienhaus GU. Ligand binding and conformational motions in myoglobin. Nature. 2000;404(6774):205-208.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shimizu H. Shimizu’s Dermatology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
Pavlovic M. Stem Cells and Tissue Engineering. (Balint B, ed.). New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Mucha H-J. Classification, Clustering, and Visualisation Based on Dual Scaling. In: Gaul W, Geyer-Schulz A, Baba Y, Okada A, eds. German-Japanese Interchange of Data Analysis Results. Studies in Classification, Data Analysis, and Knowledge Organization. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014:59-69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Arthroscopy and Joint Surgery.

Blog post
Andrew E. Why More Cities Need To Add Up The Economic Value Of Trees. IFLScience. Published May 7, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. FAA Safety Inspector Training Survey Data, an E-Supplement to GAO-05-728. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fleming TC. The Academic Identity Experience of Liberal Arts Faculty in the Age of New Managerialism. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Yankees’ Old Ways Catch Up With Them. New York Times. October 20, 2012:D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Arthroscopy and Joint Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Arthrosc. Jt. Surg.
ISSN (print)2214-9635

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