How to format your references using the Journal of Arthroscopy and Joint Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Arthroscopy and Joint Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wiseman H. Quantum physics: Death by experiment for local realism. Nature. 2015;526(7575):649-650.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chittka L, Peng F. Neuroscience. Caffeine boosts bees’ memories. Science. 2013;339(6124):1157-1159.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sinclair ARE, Mduma S, Brashares JS. Patterns of predation in a diverse predator-prey system. Nature. 2003;425(6955):288-290.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Myers S, Bowden R, Tumian A, et al. Drive against hotspot motifs in primates implicates the PRDM9 gene in meiotic recombination. Science. 2010;327(5967):876-879.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Padmanabhan TR, Bala Tripura Sundari B. Design Through Verilog HDL. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Galarza AIR. Introduction to Classical Geometries. (Seade J, ed.). Basel: Birkhäuser; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Mohamad KM, Herawan T, Deris MM. Hiding Data in JPEG Using in-DQT Technique. In: Bandyopadhyay SK, Adi W, Kim T-H, Xiao Y, eds. Information Security and Assurance: 4th International Conference, ISA 2010, Miyazaki, Japan, June 23-25, 2010. Proceedings. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010:27-36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Arthroscopy and Joint Surgery.

Blog post
Luntz S. Antarctic Crater May Be From Recent Meteorite. IFLScience. Published January 11, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Security: Transportation Security Administration Has Strengthened Planning to Guide Investments in Key Aviation and Surface Transportation Security Programs, but More Work Remains. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sutton DS. Structural and geophysical interpretation of Roatán Island, Honduras, Western Caribbean. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Southard S. Nagasaki, the Forgotten City. New York Times. August 8, 2015:A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Arthroscopy and Joint Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Arthrosc. Jt. Surg.
ISSN (print)2214-9635

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