How to format your references using the Journal of Arthroscopy and Joint Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Arthroscopy and Joint Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Mestel L. Obituary: Hermann Bondi (1919-2005). Nature. 2005;437(7060):828.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Celi A, Tarruell L. PHYSICS. Probing the edge with cold atoms. Science. 2015;349(6255):1450-1451.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Amodeo GA, Rudolph MJ, Tong L. Crystal structure of the heterotrimer core of Saccharomyces cerevisiae AMPK homologue SNF1. Nature. 2007;449(7161):492-495.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Murakami M, Ohte N, Suzuki T, Ishii N, Igarashi Y, Tanoi K. Biological proliferation of cesium-137 through the detrital food chain in a forest ecosystem in Japan. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3599.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Adam C. Forensic Evidence in Court. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Magoutis K, Pietzuch P, eds. Distributed Applications and Interoperable Systems: 14th IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference, DAIS 2014, Held as Part of the 9th International Federated Conference on Distributed Computing Techniques, DisCoTec 2014, Berlin, Germany, June 3-5, 2014, Proceedings. Vol 8460. Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Morgan IG, Rose KA, Ashby RS. Animal Models of Experimental Myopia: Limitations and Synergies with Studies on Human Myopia. In: Spaide RF, Ohno-Matsui K, Yannuzzi LA, eds. Pathologic Myopia. Springer; 2014:39-58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Arthroscopy and Joint Surgery.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. “Xenomorph Baby” Pokes His Feet Out Through His Mom’s Uterus. IFLScience. Published December 27, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/xenomorph-baby-pokes-his-feet-out-through-his-moms-uterus/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. State Department: The July 2006 Evacuation of American Citizens from Lebanon. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Thompson K. An Introduction to the Cox Proportional Hazards Model and Its Applications to Survival Analysis. Published online 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Rothenberg B. U.S. Player Cleared in Meldonium Inquiry. New York Times. September 20, 2016:B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Arthroscopy and Joint Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Arthrosc. Jt. Surg.
ISSN (print)2214-9635
Scope

Other styles