How to format your references using the Journal of Arthroscopy and Joint Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Arthroscopy and Joint Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Moore P. Playing with the pieces. Nature. 2003;426(6967):725.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Smith MP, Harper DAT. Earth science. Causes of the Cambrian explosion. Science. 2013;341(6152):1355-1356.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Van der Burg E, Cass J, Alais D. Window of audio-visual simultaneity is unaffected by spatio-temporal visual clutter. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5098.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Bowers JE, Chapman BA, Rong J, Paterson AH. Unravelling angiosperm genome evolution by phylogenetic analysis of chromosomal duplication events. Nature. 2003;422(6930):433-438.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Connors LA, Alvarez C. How Markets Really Work. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Petkov V, ed. Space, Time, and Spacetime: Physical and Philosophical Implications of Minkowski’s Unification of Space and Time. Vol 167. Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kegl B, Kegl M, Pehan S. Effects of Biodiesel Usage on Injection Process Characteristics. In: Kegl M, Pehan S, eds. Green Diesel Engines: Biodiesel Usage in Diesel Engines. Lecture Notes in Energy. Springer; 2013:127-152.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Arthroscopy and Joint Surgery.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. First Venomous Frogs Described Use Heads As Deadly Weapons. IFLScience. Published August 6, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/first-venomous-frogs-described-use-heads-deadly-weapons/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Educational Laboratory and Research and Development Center Programs Need To Be Strengthened. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Garcia DM. Cutting a thorn: The cleansing function of female genital cutting. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Feeney K. Classic Fare, Modern Chocolate. New York Times. July 19, 2009:NJ10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Arthroscopy and Joint Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Arthrosc. Jt. Surg.
ISSN (print)2214-9635
Scope

Other styles