How to format your references using the Journal of Arthroscopy and Joint Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Arthroscopy and Joint Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier Q. Low stocks prompt calls for North Atlantic fishing ban. Nature. 2002;419(6910):866.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kourtzi Z, Kanwisher N. Representation of perceived object shape by the human lateral occipital complex. Science. 2001;293(5534):1506-1509.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thommes EW, Matsumura S, Rasio FA. Gas disks to gas giants: simulating the birth of planetary systems. Science. 2008;321(5890):814-817.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Meng J, Hu Y, Wang Y, Wang X, Li C. A Mesozoic gliding mammal from northeastern China. Nature. 2006;444(7121):889-893.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kazimierczuk M. High-Frequency Magnetic Components. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Suarez A, Adams P, eds. Is Science Compatible with Free Will?: Exploring Free Will and Consciousness in the Light of Quantum Physics and Neuroscience. Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu X, Li X. Privacy Preservation Using Logical Coordinates. In: Li X, ed. Location Privacy Protection in Mobile Networks. SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. Springer; 2013:51-72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Arthroscopy and Joint Surgery.

Blog post
Andrew E. African Scientists A Step Closer To Testing For TB In A Matter Of Minutes. IFLScience. Published May 19, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Lands: Information on the Use and Impact of Off-Highway Vehicles. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Curiel AR. A Re-Examination of the Meyers and Volbrecht Motor Equation for the Identification of Suspect Effort. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Belo J. The Sanitation Worker’s Plight. New York Times. April 20, 2017:A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Arthroscopy and Joint Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Arthrosc. Jt. Surg.
ISSN (print)2214-9635

Other styles