How to format your references using the Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coleman, P., 2000. Superconductivity. On the verge of magnetism. Nature 406, 580–581.
A journal article with 2 authors
Flint, J., Munafò, M., 2014. Schizophrenia: genesis of a complex disease. Nature 511, 412–413.
A journal article with 3 authors
Luo, M., Fee, M.S., Katz, L.C., 2003. Encoding pheromonal signals in the accessory olfactory bulb of behaving mice. Science 299, 1196–1201.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Muller, D.A., Nakagawa, N., Ohtomo, A., Grazul, J.L., Hwang, H.Y., 2004. Atomic-scale imaging of nanoengineered oxygen vacancy profiles in SrTiO3. Nature 430, 657–661.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rouse, W.B., 2016. Universities as Complex Enterprises. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Cleophas, T.J., 2012. Statistics Applied to Clinical Studies, 5th ed. 2012. ed. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Daidone, A., Chiaradonna, S., Bondavalli, A., Veríssimo, P., 2008. Analysis of a Redundant Architecture for Critical Infrastructure Protection, in: Lemos, R. de, Giandomenico, F.D., Gacek, C., Muccini, H., Vieira, M. (Eds.), Architecting Dependable Systems V, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 78–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Restoring And Conserving Nature In The Anthropocene Means Changing Our Idea Of Success [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Federal Transit Administration: Progress and Challenges in Implementing and Evaluating the Job Access and Reverse Commute Program (No. GAO-09-496). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mueck, K., 2017. Physiology of the Invasive Apple Snail, Pomacea maculata (Perry, 1810), in Louisiana (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, L., 2012. Adjusting a Waistline for a Wedding, but at What Cost? New York Times ST19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Coleman, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Coleman, 2000; Flint and Munafò, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Flint and Munafò, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Muller et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Archaeological Science: Reports
AbbreviationJ. Archaeol. Sci. Rep.
ISSN (print)2352-409X

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