How to format your references using the Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hambley, T.W., 2007. Chemistry. Metal-based therapeutics. Science 318, 1392–1393.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cress, C.D., Datta, S., 2013. Engineering. Nanoscale transistors--just around the gate? Science 341, 140–141.
A journal article with 3 authors
Raymond, S.N., Mandell, A.M., Sigurdsson, S., 2006. Exotic Earths: forming habitable worlds with giant planet migration. Science 313, 1413–1416.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Forget, F., Haberle, R.M., Montmessin, F., Levrard, B., Head, J.W., 2006. Formation of glaciers on Mars by atmospheric precipitation at high obliquity. Science 311, 368–371.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Muccini, M., Toffanin, S., 2016. Organic Light-Emitting Transistors. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ali, S.Z., 2007. Breast Cytopathology, Essentials in Cytopathology. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Dascal, M., 2006. The Elements of Thinking, in: Dascal, M. (Ed.), Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz: The Art of Controversies, The New Synthese Historical Library. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 29–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Microbes Caused The Extinction Of 90% Of Species 250 Million Years Ago [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2010. Head Start: Undercover Testing Finds Fraud and Abuse at Selected Head Start Centers (No. GAO-10-1049). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Abraham, C., 2017. How Are Nonresident African American Fathers Involved in Their Children’s Academic Success? (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2006. Village Moves to Deter Illegal Housing. New York Times 14LI9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hambley, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Cress and Datta, 2013; Hambley, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cress and Datta, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Forget et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Archaeological Science: Reports
AbbreviationJ. Archaeol. Sci. Rep.
ISSN (print)2352-409X

Other styles