How to format your references using the Journal of Archaeological Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Archaeological Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chadwick, W.W., Jr, 2006. Earth science. A submarine volcano is caught in the act. Science 314, 1887–1888.
A journal article with 2 authors
Halliday, A.N., Wood, B.J., 2009. Geophysics. How did Earth accrete? Science 325, 44–45.
A journal article with 3 authors
Royle, N.J., Hartley, I.R., Parker, G.A., 2002. Sexual conflict reduces offspring fitness in zebra finches. Nature 416, 733–736.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jompol, Y., Ford, C.J.B., Griffiths, J.P., Farrer, I., Jones, G.A.C., Anderson, D., Ritchie, D.A., Silk, T.W., Schofield, A.J., 2009. Probing spin-charge separation in a Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid. Science 325, 597–601.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Varrall, G., 2011. Making Telecoms Work. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Raedt, L.D., Frasconi, P., Kersting, K., Muggleton, S. (Eds.), 2008. Probabilistic Inductive Logic Programming: Theory and Applications, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Michel, R.P., Berry, G.J., 2016. Heart Transplantation, in: Michel, R.P., Berry, G.J. (Eds.), Pathology of Transplantation: A Practical Diagnostic Approach. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 81–119.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Archaeological Science.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. NASA’s 10-Engine Aircraft Takes Off Like a Helicopter, Flies Like a Plane [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. Cooperative Actions Result in More Economical Computer Acquisition and Improved Security at the New Orleans Computer Center (No. LCD-77-118). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Allison, C.L., 2015. An Investigation into the Experiences of Traditional Higher Education Instructors Transitioning into Effective Online Instructors (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2009. Russian Orthodox Church Elects Outspoken Patriarch. New York Times A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chadwick, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Chadwick, 2006; Halliday and Wood, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Halliday and Wood, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Jompol et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Archaeological Science
AbbreviationJ. Archaeol. Sci.
ISSN (print)0305-4403

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