How to format your references using the Journal of Archaeological Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Archaeological Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schluter, D., 2009. Evidence for ecological speciation and its alternative. Science 323, 737–741.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rothman, D.H., Forney, D.C., 2007. Physical model for the decay and preservation of marine organic carbon. Science 316, 1325–1328.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, L.-Y., Redon, S., Lingner, J., 2012. The human CST complex is a terminator of telomerase activity. Nature 488, 540–544.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Perez-Garcia, V., Fineberg, E., Wilson, R., Murray, A., Mazzeo, C.I., Tudor, C., Sienerth, A., White, J.K., Tuck, E., Ryder, E.J., Gleeson, D., Siragher, E., Wardle-Jones, H., Staudt, N., Wali, N., Collins, J., Geyer, S., Busch-Nentwich, E.M., Galli, A., Smith, J.C., Robertson, E., Adams, D.J., Weninger, W.J., Mohun, T., Hemberger, M., 2018. Placentation defects are highly prevalent in embryonic lethal mouse mutants. Nature 555, 463–468.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hochberg, Z., 2011. Evo-Devo of Child Growth. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kellomäki, S., Kilpeläinen, A., Alam, A. (Eds.), 2013. Forest BioEnergy Production: Management, Carbon sequestration and Adaptation. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Peden, K., 2008. Gilles Deleuze: From Hume To Spinoza(An Attempt To Make Good On A Popkin Request), in: Popkin, J.D. (Ed.), The Legacies of Richard Popkin, Archives Internationales D’Histoire Des Idées / International Archives of The History of Ideas. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 57–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Archaeological Science.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Straight Hopping Toads Gain The Most Ground [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. Medical ADP Systems: Composite Health Care System Acquisition--Fair, Reasonable, Supported (No. IMTEC-88-26). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hariharan, S.B., 2017. The Structure of the Blue Whirl: A Soot-Free Reacting Vortex Phenomenon (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2016. Rally, and a Favorable Schedule, Lift the Mets’ Hopes. New York Times D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schluter, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Rothman and Forney, 2007; Schluter, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rothman and Forney, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Perez-Garcia et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Archaeological Science
AbbreviationJ. Archaeol. Sci.
ISSN (print)0305-4403

Other styles