How to format your references using the Journal of Archaeological Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Archaeological Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ikeda, S.R., 2001. Signal transduction. Calcium channels--link locally, act globally. Science 294, 318–319.
A journal article with 2 authors
Becskei, A., Serrano, L., 2000. Engineering stability in gene networks by autoregulation. Nature 405, 590–593.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sasaki, T., Yamamoto, Y., Koashi, M., 2014. Practical quantum key distribution protocol without monitoring signal disturbance. Nature 509, 475–478.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Adamantidis, A.R., Zhang, F., Aravanis, A.M., Deisseroth, K., de Lecea, L., 2007. Neural substrates of awakening probed with optogenetic control of hypocretin neurons. Nature 450, 420–424.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morton, A., Mengersen, K., Whitby, M., Playford, G., 2013. Statistical Methods for Hospital Monitoring with R. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Maher, C.A., Powell, A.B., Uptegrove, E.B. (Eds.), 2011. Combinatorics and Reasoning: Representing, Justifying and Building Isomorphisms, 1st ed, Mathematics Education Library. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Chang, D., Yung, M., Sung, J., Hong, S., Lee, S., 2007. Preimage Attack on the Parallel FFT-Hashing Function, in: Pieprzyk, J., Ghodosi, H., Dawson, E. (Eds.), Information Security and Privacy: 12th Australasian Conference, ACISP 2007, Townsville, Australia, July 2-4, 2007. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 59–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Archaeological Science.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. More Than 200 Skeletons Discovered Underneath Parisian Market [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Space Project Testing: Uniform Policies and Added Controls Would Strengthen Testing Activities (No. NSIAD-91-248). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peterson, C., 2008. Psycho-socio-cultural risk factors for breech presentation (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Finnegan, J.P., 2017. Sheridan Expressway Shortcut. New York Times A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ikeda, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Becskei and Serrano, 2000; Ikeda, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Becskei and Serrano, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Adamantidis et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Archaeological Science
AbbreviationJ. Archaeol. Sci.
ISSN (print)0305-4403

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