How to format your references using the Journal of Archaeological Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Archaeological Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hunter-Schaedle, K., 2015. When science fails a scientist. Science 349, 1134.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, X., Chen, X.J., 2015. A cytosolic network suppressing mitochondria-mediated proteostatic stress and cell death. Nature 524, 481–484.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mottram, D.S., Wedzicha, B.L., Dodson, A.T., 2002. Acrylamide is formed in the Maillard reaction. Nature 419, 448–449.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Foster, K.L., Plastridge, R.A., Bottenheim, J.W., Shepson, P.B., Finlayson-Pitts, B.J., Spicer, C.W., 2001. The role of Br2 and BrCl in surface ozone destruction at polar sunrise. Science 291, 471–474.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Soustelle, M., 2016. Thermodynamics of Surfaces and Capillary Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Vilar, R. (Ed.), 2008. Recognition of Anions, Structure and Bonding. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Su, C., Tian, J., Chen, Y., 2014. An Adjective-Based Embodied Knowledge Net, in: Zong, C., Nie, J.-Y., Zhao, D., Feng, Y. (Eds.), Natural Language Processing and Chinese Computing: Third CCF Conference, NLPCC 2014, Shenzhen, China, December 5-9, 2014. Proceedings, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 46–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Archaeological Science.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Carbon Nanotubes Can Act As “Bridges” Between Living Neurons [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1980. Computers in Government: We Couldn’t Do Without Them (No. 112745). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bai, S., 2008. Identification and Characterization of Senescence-Associated Proteins in Petunia Corollas (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Florio, J., Shapiro, O., 2017. The Future of Racing Plugs Into Red Hook. New York Times MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hunter-Schaedle, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Hunter-Schaedle, 2015; Wang and Chen, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Chen, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Foster et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Archaeological Science
AbbreviationJ. Archaeol. Sci.
ISSN (print)0305-4403

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