How to format your references using the Journal of Archaeological Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Archaeological Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carpick, R.W., 2006. Physics. Controlling friction. Science 313, 184–185.
A journal article with 2 authors
Littman, D.R., Singh, H., 2007. Immunology. Asymmetry and immune memory. Science 315, 1673–1674.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wall, D.H., Nielsen, U.N., Six, J., 2015. Soil biodiversity and human health. Nature 528, 69–76.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ford, M.G.J., Mills, I.G., Peter, B.J., Vallis, Y., Praefcke, G.J.K., Evans, P.R., McMahon, H.T., 2002. Curvature of clathrin-coated pits driven by epsin. Nature 419, 361–366.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Naylor, W., Laverty, D., Mallett, J., 2008. The Royal Marsden Hospital Handbook of Wound Management in Cancer Care. Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Peters, M.A. (Ed.), 2012. Obama and The End of the American Dream: Essays in Political and Economic Philosophy. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Tozier, W.A., 2016. GP As If You Meant It: An Exercise for Mindful Practice, in: Riolo, R., Worzel, W.P., Kotanchek, M., Kordon, A. (Eds.), Genetic Programming Theory and Practice XIII, Genetic and Evolutionary Computation. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 59–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Archaeological Science.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Ancient 3,800-Year-Old Underwater Garden Discovered In The Pacific Northwest [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1981. Process Used by Department of Education To Award Contracts for Operation of Indian Education Resource and Evaluation Centers (No. HRD-81-100). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lynch, S.D., 2008. Distortion of low-frequency acoustic signals by interaction with the moving ocean surface (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., Barnes, B., 2017. Hulu’s Chief Since 2013 Quits to Lead Sony TV Unit. New York Times B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weeds, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Bobrow, 2011; Chatterjee, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Littman and Singh, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Preis et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Archaeological Science
AbbreviationJ. Archaeol. Sci.
ISSN (print)0305-4403

Other styles