How to format your references using the Journal of Archaeological Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Archaeological Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chiang, Y.-M., 2010. Materials science. Building a better battery. Science 330, 1485–1486.
A journal article with 2 authors
Izquierdo, I., Cammarota, M., 2004. Neuroscience. Zif and the survival of memory. Science 304, 829–830.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mignot, T., Merlie, J.P., Jr, Zusman, D.R., 2005. Regulated pole-to-pole oscillations of a bacterial gliding motility protein. Science 310, 855–857.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sun, Y., Giebink, N.C., Kanno, H., Ma, B., Thompson, M.E., Forrest, S.R., 2006. Management of singlet and triplet excitons for efficient white organic light-emitting devices. Nature 440, 908–912.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stocker, A.A., 2006. Analog VLSI Circuits for the Perception of Visual Motion. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Chen, J., 2016. The Vixen Star Book User Guide: How to Use the Star Book TEN and the Original Star Book, The Patrick Moore Practical Astronomy Series. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Allainmat, L., Baskin, A., De Perrot, T., Eiber, M., Souvatzoglou, M., Vallée, J.-P., 2013. Prostate Cancers, in: Ratib, O., Schwaiger, M., Beyer, T. (Eds.), Atlas of PET/MR Imaging in Oncology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 61–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Archaeological Science.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. World’s Deepest Cave-Dwelling Centipede is Named After Hades [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Aviation Security: TSA Has Strengthened Efforts to Plan for the Optimal Deployment of Checked Baggage Screening Systems, but Funding Uncertainties Remain (No. GAO-06-875T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kino, M.Y., 2015. My Concierge MD, Inc. a business plan (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Southall, A., 2016. 2 Charged With Murder After a Buried Body Is Found in New Jersey. New York Times A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chiang, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Chiang, 2010; Izquierdo and Cammarota, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Izquierdo and Cammarota, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Sun et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Archaeological Science
AbbreviationJ. Archaeol. Sci.
ISSN (print)0305-4403

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