How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tromans, A. (2000). Entomology. Love is not puffed up. Nature, 404(6774), 138.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nath, D., & Shadan, S. (2009). The ubiquitin system. Nature, 458(7237), 421.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhao, J., Goldman, A. S., & Hartwig, J. F. (2005). Oxidative addition of ammonia to form a stable monomeric amido hydride complex. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5712), 1080–1082.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Webster, S. M., Del Camino, D., Dekker, J. P., & Yellen, G. (2004). Intracellular gate opening in Shaker K+ channels defined by high-affinity metal bridges. Nature, 428(6985), 864–868.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saguet, P. (2013). Numerical Analysis in Electromagnetics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Aßmann, U., Bartho, A., & Wende, C. (Eds.). (2010). Reasoning Web. Semantic Technologies for Software Engineering: 6th International Summer School 2010, Dresden, Germany, August 30 - September 3, 2010. Tutorial Lectures (Vol. 6325). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ren, J. (2016). Evaluating Published CER Evidence. In C. Asche (Ed.), Applying Comparative Effectiveness Data to Medical Decision Making: A Practical Guide (pp. 37–51). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, March 6). Astronomers Watch The Same Star Explode Over And Over Again Thanks To Gravitational Lensing. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Airport Financing: Projects Eligible for Federal Support That May Go Unfunded (RCED-98-165R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller, R. J. (2012). An Investigation Examining the Perceived Implications of Principal Leadership Changing A Large Comprehensive High School into Smaller Learning Communities [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sang-Hun, C., Fackler, M., Cowan, A. L., & Sayare, S. (2014, July 26). Greed Before the Fall. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tromans, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Nath & Shadan, 2009; Tromans, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nath & Shadan, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Zhao et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Webster et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Psychol. Anim. Learn. Cogn.
ISSN (print)2329-8456
ISSN (online)2329-8464
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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