How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brody, H. (2012). Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Nature, 489(7417), S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Toth, L. J., & Assad, J. A. (2002). Dynamic coding of behaviourally relevant stimuli in parietal cortex. Nature, 415(6868), 165–168.
A journal article with 3 authors
Coaker, G., Falick, A., & Staskawicz, B. (2005). Activation of a phytopathogenic bacterial effector protein by a eukaryotic cyclophilin. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5721), 548–550.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Omi, T., Ogata, Y., Hirata, Y., & Aihara, K. (2013). Forecasting large aftershocks within one day after the main shock. Scientific Reports, 3, 2218.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bajpai, P. (2010). Environmentally Friendly Production of Pulp and Paper. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Allaria, B. (Ed.). (2012). Practical Issues in Anesthesia and Intensive Care. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sperling, J. (2015). Women, Tourism, and the Visual Narrative of Interwar Tourism in the American Southwest. In M. Robinson & H. Silverman (Eds.), Encounters with Popular Pasts: Cultural Heritage and Popular Culture (pp. 81–95). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 6). First Large Scale Solar Power To Be Built In China’s Gobi Desert. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Aviation Finance: Observations on Potential FAA Funding Options (GAO-06-973). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hobbs, E. (2017). Rehearing Florence Price: A Closer Look at Her Symphony in E Minor [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J. (2016, November 18). Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times, MM30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brody, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Brody, 2012; Toth & Assad, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Toth & Assad, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Coaker et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Omi et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Psychol. Anim. Learn. Cogn.
ISSN (print)2329-8456
ISSN (online)2329-8464
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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