How to format your references using the Soins Aides-soignantes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Soins Aides-soignantes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ciesla FJ. Outward transport of high-temperature materials around the midplane of the solar nebula. Science 2007;318:613–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Johnston M, Stormo GD. Evolution. Heirlooms in the attic. Science 2003;302:997–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Friedmann T, Rabin O, Frankel MS. Ethics. Gene doping and sport. Science 2010;327:647–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Maccarone TJ, Kundu A, Zepf SE, Rhode KL. A black hole in a globular cluster. Nature 2007;445:183–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Andresen R, Oades LG, Caputi P. Psychological Recovery. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
Wiering M, Otterlo M van, editors. Reinforcement Learning: State-of-the-Art. vol. 12. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Ahonen P, Alahuhta P, Daskala B, Delaitre S, Hert PD, Lindner R, et al. Safeguards. In: Alahuhta P, Daskala B, Delaitre S, Hert PD, Lindner R, Maghiros I, et al., editors. Safeguards in a World of Ambient Intelligence, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010, p. 179–251.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Soins Aides-soignantes.

Blog post
Andrew E. One Map Sums Up The Damage Caused By The Anti-Vaccination Movement. IFLScience 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Job Corps: High Costs and Mixed Results Raise Questions About Program’s Effectiveness. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Villagomez GC. Helping Foster Parents and Kinship Caregivers Support High School Graduation for Children in Their Care: A Self-Instructional Workbook. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. Sailing On. New York Times 2004:144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSoins Aides-soignantes
ISSN (print)1770-9857
ScopeGeneral Nursing

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