How to format your references using the Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Joyce, G. F. (2007). Structural biology. A glimpse of biology’s first enzyme. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5818), 1507–1508.
A journal article with 2 authors
Johnson, J. P., Jr, & Zagotta, W. N. (2001). Rotational movement during cyclic nucleotide-gated channel opening. Nature, 412(6850), 917–921.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cui, P., Tang, M., & Wu, Z.-X. (2014). Message spreading in networks with stickiness and persistence: large clustering does not always facilitate large-scale diffusion. Scientific reports, 4, 6303.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Guo, J., Simonson, J. W., Sun, L., Wu, Q., Gao, P., Zhang, C., et al. (2013). Observation of antiferromagnetic order collapse in the pressurized insulator LaMnPO. Scientific reports, 3, 2555.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Askoolum, A. (2007). System Building with APL + Win. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Michell, D., Wilson, J. Z., & Archer, V. (Eds.). (2015). Bread and Roses: Voices of Australian Academics from the Working Class. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Hoarau, A., & Monteil, T. (2013). Persistent Patterns in Integer Discrete Circles. In R. Gonzalez-Diaz, M.-J. Jimenez, & B. Medrano (Eds.), Discrete Geometry for Computer Imagery: 17th IAPR International Conference, DGCI 2013, Seville, Spain, March 20-22, 2013. Proceedings (pp. 35–46). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, August 6). New Finch Species Evolves Before Our Eyes. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1985). Opportunities and Constraints for Expanding Use of Research Facilities at the National Bureau of Standards (No. RCED-85-55). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Remon, G. (2010). Not Here Not Now (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2017, May 31). Shift at ‘CBS Evening News’ Breaks With Smooth Routine. New York Times, p. B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Joyce 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Johnson and Zagotta 2001; Joyce 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Johnson and Zagotta 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Guo et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Archaeological Method and Theory
AbbreviationJ. Archaeol. Method Theory
ISSN (print)1072-5369
ISSN (online)1573-7764

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