How to format your references using the Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2004). The best years of our lives. Nature, 430(6995), 121.
A journal article with 2 authors
MacLean, E. L., & Hare, B. (2015). Evolution. Dogs hijack the human bonding pathway. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6232), 280–281.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kokoouline, V., Greene, C. H., & Esry, B. D. (2001). Mechanism for the destruction of H+3 ions by electron impact. Nature, 412(6850), 891–894.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ahn, B. Y., Duoss, E. B., Motala, M. J., Guo, X., Park, S.-I., Xiong, Y., et al. (2009). Omnidirectional printing of flexible, stretchable, and spanning silver microelectrodes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5921), 1590–1593.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pachamanova, D. A., & Fabozzi, F. J. (2010). Simulation and Optimization in Finance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Jermann, C., Neumaier, A., & Sam, D. (Eds.). (2005). Global Optimization and Constraint Satisfaction: Second International Workshop, COCOS 2003, Lausanne, Switzerland, November 18-21, 2003, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 3478). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Muhammad, A., Wiratunga, N., & Lothian, R. (2015). Context-Aware Sentiment Analysis of Social Media. In M. M. Gaber, M. Cocea, N. Wiratunga, & A. Goker (Eds.), Advances in Social Media Analysis (pp. 87–104). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, March 23). Encryption Today: How Safe Is It Really? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Air Force ADP Procurement: Contracting and Market Share Information (No. IMTEC-90-35FS). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stachowiak, D. (2011). How executive coaches use the results of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator to develop their coachees (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, May 29). Harvey Picks Up a Win, With Plenty of Support. New York Times, p. D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2004).
This sentence cites two references (MacLean and Hare 2015; Smaglik 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (MacLean and Hare 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Ahn et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Archaeological Method and Theory
AbbreviationJ. Archaeol. Method Theory
ISSN (print)1072-5369
ISSN (online)1573-7764

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