How to format your references using the Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zehr, J. P. (2015). EVOLUTION. How single cells work together. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6253), 1163–1164.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zatorre, R. J., & Krumhansl, C. L. (2002). Neuroscience. Mental models and musical minds. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5601), 2138–2139.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bai, T., Pollard, D. D., & Gao, H. (2000). Explanation for fracture spacing in layered materials. Nature, 403(6771), 753–756.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Frydman, H. M., Li, J. M., Robson, D. N., & Wieschaus, E. (2006). Somatic stem cell niche tropism in Wolbachia. Nature, 441(7092), 509–512.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Temple, L. P., III. (2013). Implosion. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gabriel, E. A., & Gabriel, S. A. (Eds.). (2013). Inflammatory Response in Cardiovascular Surgery. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Guggeis, M. (2014). Multilingualism in the European Union Decision-Making Process. In F. Ruggieri (Ed.), Criminal Proceedings, Languages and the European Union: Linguistic and Legal Issues (pp. 45–56). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, September 7). Woman Who Received World’s First Partial Face Transplant Has Died. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Surface Transportation: Regional Distribution of Federal Highway Funds (No. RCED/HEHS-97-167R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Li, X. (2008). Two essays on “mining market basket data: Models and applications in marketing” (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Senior, J. (2017, August 30). A Prison Life, A Violent End. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zehr 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Zatorre and Krumhansl 2002; Zehr 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zatorre and Krumhansl 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Frydman et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Archaeological Method and Theory
AbbreviationJ. Archaeol. Method Theory
ISSN (print)1072-5369
ISSN (online)1573-7764

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