How to format your references using the Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kreeger, K. (2004). Short-term limbo. Nature, 427(6976), 760–761.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pandey, A., & Guyot-Sionnest, P. (2008). Slow electron cooling in colloidal quantum dots. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5903), 929–932.
A journal article with 3 authors
Burslem, D. F., Garwood, N. C., & Thomas, S. C. (2001). Ecology. Tropical forest diversity--the plot thickens. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5504), 606–607.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sierra, E., Fernández, A., de los Monteros, A. E., Arbelo, M., de Quirós, Y. B., & Herráez, P. (2013). Muscular senescence in cetaceans: adaptation towards a slow muscle fibre phenotype. Scientific reports, 3, 1795.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cooper, N., Forrest, K., & Cramp, P. (2008). Essential Guide to Generic Skills. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Srivastava, P. K., Mukherjee, S., Gupta, M., & Islam, T. (Eds.). (2014). Remote Sensing Applications in Environmental Research. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Jowhar, D., & Janetopoulos, C. (2013). The Chemotactic Compass. In M. Romeralo, S. Baldauf, & R. Escalante (Eds.), Dictyostelids: Evolution, Genomics and Cell Biology (pp. 71–87). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2012, January 1). Baby Fish Raised In Plastic-Filled Ocean Don’t Fear Predators. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1984). The Unit Status and Identity Report (UNITREP) System--What It Does and Does Not Measure (No. NSIAD-84-39). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rostambeigi, N. (2010). Analyzing the correlates of patients’ adoption of preventative health services: Perceived risk, cost and availability of health care services (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J. B. (2017, April 6). Bewitched by the Tesla Story. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kreeger 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Kreeger 2004; Pandey and Guyot-Sionnest 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pandey and Guyot-Sionnest 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Sierra et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Archaeological Method and Theory
AbbreviationJ. Archaeol. Method Theory
ISSN (print)1072-5369
ISSN (online)1573-7764

Other styles