How to format your references using the Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Freeman, K. C. (2003). Astronomy. The hunt for dark matter in galaxies. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5652), 1902–1903.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hutvágner, G., & Zamore, P. D. (2002). A microRNA in a multiple-turnover RNAi enzyme complex. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5589), 2056–2060.
A journal article with 3 authors
Imai, T., Suzuki, M., & Sakano, H. (2006). Odorant receptor-derived cAMP signals direct axonal targeting. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5799), 657–661.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Aigner, S., Pietra, L. D., Japha, Y., Entin-Wohlman, O., David, T., Salem, R., et al. (2008). Long-range order in electronic transport through disordered metal films. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5867), 1226–1229.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
El-Haik, B. S. (2005). Axiomatic Quality. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cherifi, H., Gonçalves, B., Menezes, R., & Sinatra, R. (Eds.). (2016). Complex Networks VII: Proceedings of the 7th Workshop on Complex Networks CompleNet 2016 (1st ed. 2016., Vol. 644). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Bautista, E., Muñoz, J. L., & Echávarri, J. (2010). Juanelo (1501–1585). In M. Ceccarelli (Ed.), Distinguished Figures in Mechanism and Machine Science: Their Contributions and Legacies, Part 2 (pp. 95–110). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, June 4). Ancient Exoplanet Could Support Life. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1974). Survey of Selected Computer-Based Information Systems at the Food and Drug Administration (No. 088949). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wells, J. P. (2010). A case study of educators’ perceptions of the effects of high -stakes testing and accountability policies on high- and low-poverty middle schools in a Maryland school district (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rao, P. S. (2017, May 16). Ruling on E.U. Trade Deals Retains a Hurdle for Brexit Negotiations. New York Times, p. B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Freeman 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Freeman 2003; Hutvágner and Zamore 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hutvágner and Zamore 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Aigner et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Archaeological Method and Theory
AbbreviationJ. Archaeol. Method Theory
ISSN (print)1072-5369
ISSN (online)1573-7764

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