How to format your references using the Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sarewitz, D. (2010). World view: Missing weapons. Nature, 464(7289), 672.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sung, S., & Amasino, R. M. (2004). Vernalization in Arabidopsis thaliana is mediated by the PHD finger protein VIN3. Nature, 427(6970), 159–164.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harker, D. E., Woodward, C. E., & Wooden, D. H. (2005). The dust grains from 9P/Tempel 1 before and after the encounter with Deep Impact. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5746), 278–280.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yusa, K., Rashid, S. T., Strick-Marchand, H., Varela, I., Liu, P.-Q., Paschon, D. E., et al. (2011). Targeted gene correction of α1-antitrypsin deficiency in induced pluripotent stem cells. Nature, 478(7369), 391–394.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Butler, K. C. (2016). Multinational Finance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lewis, T., & Laverty, M. (Eds.). (2015). Art’s Teachings, Teaching’s Art: Philosophical, Critical and Educational Musings (1st ed. 2015., Vol. 8). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Nguyen, H. T. (2008). On Random Sets and Belief Functions. In R. R. Yager & L. Liu (Eds.), Classic Works of the Dempster-Shafer Theory of Belief Functions (pp. 105–116). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 23). We Talk To Neil deGrasse Tyson About Mars One, Being A Geek, And How To Get People Excited About Science. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Management of the Overseas Dependents School System (No. B-131587). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zinda, E. S. (2017). American Cerberus: Pit Bulls and Psyche in the United States (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, December 6). Madoff Had Everything to Do With Reyes’s Leaving. New York Times, p. B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sarewitz 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Sarewitz 2010; Sung and Amasino 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sung and Amasino 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Yusa et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Archaeological Method and Theory
AbbreviationJ. Archaeol. Method Theory
ISSN (print)1072-5369
ISSN (online)1573-7764

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