How to format your references using the Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory (J Archaeol Method Theory). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Konner, M. (2002). Weaving life’s pattern. Nature, 418(6895), 279.
A journal article with 2 authors
Waldmann, H., & Cobbold, S. (2004). Exploiting tolerance processes in transplantation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5681), 209–212.
A journal article with 3 authors
Piscitelli, C. L., Krishnamurthy, H., & Gouaux, E. (2010). Neurotransmitter/sodium symporter orthologue LeuT has a single high-affinity substrate site. Nature, 468(7327), 1129–1132.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Teschner, D., Borsodi, J., Wootsch, A., Révay, Z., Hävecker, M., Knop-Gericke, A., et al. (2008). The roles of subsurface carbon and hydrogen in palladium-catalyzed alkyne hydrogenation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5872), 86–89.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. (2010). Layer of Protection Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nautiyal, S., Schaldach, R., Raju, K. V., Kaechele, H., Pritchard, B., & Rao, K. S. (Eds.). (2016). Climate Change Challenge (3C) and Social-Economic-Ecological Interface-Building: Exploring Potential Adaptation Strategies for Bio-resource Conservation and Livelihood Development. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, J., Chen, J., & Wang, S. (2011). Dynamic Inventory Management with Cash Flow Constraints. In J. Chen & S. Wang (Eds.), Risk Management of Supply and Cash Flows in Supply Chains (pp. 105–125). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, February 17). No, Aliens Did Not Hack Voyager 2 Back In 2010. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Year 2000 Computing Crisis: USDA Needs to Accelerate Time Frames for Completing Contingency Planning (No. AIMD-99-178). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Li, K. (2010). An explicative model of leisure-time physical activities among church-going African Americans in Indianapolis (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2017, March 23). U.S. to Face Honduras With a Depleted Roster. New York Times, p. B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vastag 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Chang 2009; Langenberg 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Waldmann and Cobbold 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Gu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Archaeological Method and Theory
AbbreviationJ. Archaeol. Method Theory
ISSN (print)1072-5369
ISSN (online)1573-7764

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