How to format your references using the Journal of Polymer Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Polymer Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jones CH (2003) Geophysics. How faults accommodate plate motion. Science 300:1105–1106
A journal article with 2 authors
Goyal S, Zandstra PW (2015) Stem cells: Chasing blood. Nature 518:488–490
A journal article with 3 authors
Kobayashi K, Yoshimura J, Hasegawa E (2013) Coexistence of sexual individuals and genetically isolated asexual counterparts in a thrips. Sci Rep 3:3286
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Andrus CFT, Crowe DE, Sandweiss DH, et al (2002) Otolith delta 18O record of mid-Holocene sea surface temperatures in Peru. Science 295:1508–1511

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Villalta T (2012) The Large-Cap Portfolio. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Kikoin K (2012) Dynamical Symmetries for Nanostructures: Implicit Symmetries in Single-Electron Transport Through Real and Artificial Molecules. Springer, Vienna
A chapter in an edited book
Nilsson AE (2009) A Changing Arctic Climate: Science and Policy in the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment. In: Koivurova T, Keskitalo ECH, Bankes N (eds) Climate Governance in the Arctic. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 77–95

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Polymer Research.

Blog post
Andrew D (2017) Until We Get Better Tools, Excited Reports Of ‘Habitable Planets’ Need To Come Back Down To Earth. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973) Progress and Problems in Achieving Objectives of School Lunch Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rutherford J (2010) What is old is new again: The role of discontinuity in nostalgia-related consumption. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Glanz J, Sanger DE (2017) Trump, Who Pledged to Overhaul Nuclear Arsenal, Now Faces Higher Costs. New York Times A16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Polymer Research
AbbreviationJ. Polym. Res.
ISSN (print)1022-9760
ISSN (online)1572-8935
ScopeOrganic Chemistry
Materials Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics

Other styles