How to format your references using the Journal of Polymer Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Polymer Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boyd IL (2012) Ecology. The art of ecological modeling. Science 337:306–307
A journal article with 2 authors
Simons M, Eichmann A (2013) Physiology. Lymphatics are in my veins. Science 341:622–624
A journal article with 3 authors
Bertet C, Sulak L, Lecuit T (2004) Myosin-dependent junction remodelling controls planar cell intercalation and axis elongation. Nature 429:667–671
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kadokura H, Tian H, Zander T, et al (2004) Snapshots of DsbA in action: detection of proteins in the process of oxidative folding. Science 303:534–537

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blumberg LM (2010) Temperature-Programmed Gas Chromatography. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Pavlovic M (2013) Stem Cells and Tissue Engineering. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Manseau J, Keown M (2005) Development of an Assessment Methodology for Lower Leg Injuries Resulting from Anti-Vehicular Blast Landmines. In: Gilchrist MD (ed) IUTAM Symposium on Impact Biomechanics: From Fundamental Insights to Applications. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 33–40

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Polymer Research.

Blog post
Andrew D (2017) A Discovery About The Movement Of Tectonic Plates Will Have Scientists Rewriting Textbooks. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Air Traffic Control: Status of FAA’s Standard Terminal Automation Replacement System Project. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Whitman S (2012) Operational risk and financial institution leaders’ decision making: A quantitative descriptive correlation study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly E (2004) Bensonhurst Journal; The Time Has Come to Ride and Beep and Laugh Again. New York Times 133

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Polymer Research
AbbreviationJ. Polym. Res.
ISSN (print)1022-9760
ISSN (online)1572-8935
ScopeOrganic Chemistry
Materials Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics

Other styles