How to format your references using the Global Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Global Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schulz, E. (2015). Organic chemistry: One catalyst, two reactions. Nature, 517(7534), 280–281.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhong, S., & He, S. (2013). Ultrathin and lightweight microwave absorbers made of mu-near-zero metamaterials. Scientific Reports, 3, 2083.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vassilopoulos, G., Wang, P.-R., & Russell, D. W. (2003). Transplanted bone marrow regenerates liver by cell fusion. Nature, 422(6934), 901–904.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wu, P., Jiang, T.-X., Suksaweang, S., Widelitz, R. B., & Chuong, C.-M. (2004). Molecular shaping of the beak. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5689), 1465–1466.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cayoun, B. A. (2015). Mindfulness-integrated CBT for Well-being and Personal Growth. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Mayer, M., Thörn, C., & Thörn, H. (Eds.). (2016). Urban Uprisings: Challenging Neoliberal Urbanism in Europe. Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Yusuf, F., Martins, J. M., & Swanson, D. A. (2014). Elements of Demographic Analysis. In J. M. Martins & D. A. Swanson (Eds.), Methods of Demographic Analysis (pp. 59–95). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Global Public Health.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, July 11). Self-Sustaining Urban Ecosystem Discovered In Abandoned Building In Thailand. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1981). Head Start: An Effective Program but the Fund Distribution Formula Needs Revision and Management Controls Need Improvement (HRD-81-83). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Giuseffi, F. G. (2014). Investigation of the Influence of the Socratic Method on Leadership Skills among JROTC Cadet Leaders at a Military Boarding School [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Walker, M. (2017, June 8). Choosing Photographs Over Paintings. New York Times, C14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schulz, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Schulz, 2015; Zhong & He, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhong & He, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Vassilopoulos et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wu et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobal Public Health
AbbreviationGlob. Public Health
ISSN (print)1744-1692
ISSN (online)1744-1706
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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