How to format your references using the Global Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Global Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Müller, U. K. (2003). Physiology. Fish ’n flag. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5650), 1511–1512.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nishida, H., & Sawada, K. (2001). macho-1 encodes a localized mRNA in ascidian eggs that specifies muscle fate during embryogenesis. Nature, 409(6821), 724–729.
A journal article with 3 authors
Boyce, D. G., Lewis, M. R., & Worm, B. (2010). Global phytoplankton decline over the past century. Nature, 466(7306), 591–596.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hedges, L. M., Brownlie, J. C., O’Neill, S. L., & Johnson, K. N. (2008). Wolbachia and virus protection in insects. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5902), 702.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Borgen, U. J., & Nakrem, H. A. (2016). Morphology, phylogeny and taxonomy of osteolepiform fish. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Evans, H. M., & Burt, T. P. (Eds.). (2016). The Collegiate Way: University Education in a Collegiate Context. SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Adams, J. C., Brainerd, W. S., Hendrickson, R. A., Maine, R. E., Martin, J. T., & Smith, B. T. (2009). Data types. In W. S. Brainerd, R. A. Hendrickson, R. E. Maine, J. T. Martin, & B. T. Smith (Eds.), The Fortran 2003 Handbook: The Complete Syntax, Features and Procedures (pp. 61–114). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Global Public Health.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 27). Most Countries Need To At Least Double Their Efforts On Climate: Study. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). NASA Procurement: Proposed Changes to the Jet Propulsion Laboratory Contract (NSIAD-93-178). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Burnley, T. (2012). Psychotherapist as Modern-Day Shaman [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt, M. S. (2017, September 5). Red Sox Used Apple Watch to Help Steal Signs, Inquiry Finds. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Müller, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Müller, 2003; Nishida & Sawada, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nishida & Sawada, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Boyce et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hedges et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobal Public Health
AbbreviationGlob. Public Health
ISSN (print)1744-1692
ISSN (online)1744-1706
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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