How to format your references using the Global Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Global Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weissman, P. (2015). Planetary science: Sink holes and dust jets on comet 67P. Nature, 523(7558), 42–43.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ortíz-Barrientos, D., & Noor, M. A. F. (2005). Evidence for a one-allele assortative mating locus. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5753), 1467.
A journal article with 3 authors
Oliveira, E. A., Andrade, J. S., Jr, & Makse, H. A. (2014). Large cities are less green. Scientific Reports, 4, 4235.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lambe, T., Carey, J. B., Li, Y., Spencer, A. J., van Laarhoven, A., Mullarkey, C. E., Vrdoljak, A., Moore, A. C., & Gilbert, S. C. (2013). Immunity against heterosubtypic influenza virus induced by adenovirus and MVA expressing nucleoprotein and matrix protein-1. Scientific Reports, 3, 1443.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Daubert, E. J. (2009). The Annual Campaign. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Anantharamaiah, G. M., & Goldberg, D. (Eds.). (2015). Apolipoprotein Mimetics in the Management of Human Disease. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Azarmand, Z., & Neishabouri, E. (2009). Location Allocation Problem. In R. Zanjirani Farahani & M. Hekmatfar (Eds.), Facility Location: Concepts, Models, Algorithms and Case Studies (pp. 93–109). Physica-Verlag HD.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Global Public Health.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, June 4). Greenland’s Lakes Keep Vanishing. Where Are They Going? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Motor Carriers: Better Information Needed to Assess Effectiveness and Efficiency of Safety Interventions (GAO-17-49). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Galvan, R. (2015). A mixed-methods study of mathematics and science achievement of refugee students in homogeneous and heterogeneous groups [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017, January 11). Looking to Tune In to Catch Women’s Tennis? For Now, Better Get Creative. New York Times, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weissman, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Ortíz-Barrientos & Noor, 2005; Weissman, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ortíz-Barrientos & Noor, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Oliveira et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lambe et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobal Public Health
AbbreviationGlob. Public Health
ISSN (print)1744-1692
ISSN (online)1744-1706
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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