How to format your references using the Clinical Colorectal Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Colorectal Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Victor P. Questioning economic growth. Nature. 2010;468(7322):370-371.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Millar CI, Stephenson NL. Temperate forest health in an era of emerging megadisturbance. Science. 2015;349(6250):823-826.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Lamb D, Erskine PD, Parrotta JA. Restoration of degraded tropical forest landscapes. Science. 2005;310(5754):1628-1632.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Dong KF, Li HH, Peng YG, Ju G, Chow GM, Chen JS. Nanogranular TiN-ZrO₂ intermediate layer induced improvement of isolation and grain size of FePt thin films. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5607.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Datta TK. Seismic Analysis of Structures. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Doukidis GJ, Vrechopoulos AP, eds. Consumer Driven Electronic Transformation: Applying New Technologies to Enthuse Consumers and Transform the Supply Chain. Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Venancio RB, Oliveira LS, Ribeiro RS, Debs CL, Patrocínio AC. Actions for Implementation Program of Image Quality of Mammography. In: Jaffray DA, ed. World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, June 7-12, 2015, Toronto, Canada. IFMBE Proceedings. Springer International Publishing; 2015:18-21.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Colorectal Cancer.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. The Threat To The World’s Largest Wild Animals Is Much Greater Than We Thought. IFLScience. Published August 22, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/the-threat-to-the-worlds-largest-wild-animals-is-much-greater-than-we-thought/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Digital Service Programs: Assessing Results and Coordinating with Chief Information Officers Can Improve Delivery of Federal Projects. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Britt CA. Dying in America: A historical analysis of physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia. Published online 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly AL. The Struggle to Move Beyond ‘Why Me?’ New York Times. May 8, 2007:F5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Colorectal Cancer
AbbreviationClin. Colorectal Cancer
ISSN (print)1533-0028
ScopeGastroenterology
Oncology

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