How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cisne, J.L., 2005. How science survived: medieval manuscripts’ “demography” and classic texts’ extinction. Science 307, 1305–1307.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brown, S.P., Hestrin, S., 2009. Intracortical circuits of pyramidal neurons reflect their long-range axonal targets. Nature 457, 1133–1136.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, L.Y., Luo, X., Wang, X., 2001. Endonuclease G is an apoptotic DNase when released from mitochondria. Nature 412, 95–99.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Finnerty, J.R., Pang, K., Burton, P., Paulson, D., Martindale, M.Q., 2004. Origins of bilateral symmetry: Hox and dpp expression in a sea anemone. Science 304, 1335–1337.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Flood, B.G., 2013. Wealth Exposed. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Navarro-Arribas, G., Torra, V. (Eds.), 2015. Advanced Research in Data Privacy, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Villar Piqué, G., Alarcón, E., 2011. Buck Converter Design Space Exploration with Detailed Component Models, in: Alarcón, E. (Ed.), CMOS Integrated Switching Power Converters: A Structured Design Approach. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 121–132.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Bizarre Horned Ant Preserved In 99-Million-Year-Old Amber [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Intercity Passenger Rail: Issues Associated with the Recent Settlement between Amtrak and the Consortium of Bombardier and Alstom (No. GAO-05-152). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dubin-Thaler, B.J., 2008. Evidence for hierarchical control of conserved, discrete motility types in crawling motility (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S., 2009. T, Her Name Is Twindexane. New York Times CY6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cisne, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Brown and Hestrin, 2009; Cisne, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brown and Hestrin, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Finnerty et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Res. Med. Aromat. Plants
ISSN (print)2214-7861

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