How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Petherick, A., 2010. Chagas disease in the Chaco. Nature 465, S18-20.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brown, K.M., Fialko, Y., 2012. “Melt welt” mechanism of extreme weakening of gabbro at seismic slip rates. Nature 488, 638–641.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pagel, M., Atkinson, Q.D., Meade, A., 2007. Frequency of word-use predicts rates of lexical evolution throughout Indo-European history. Nature 449, 717–720.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Suzuki, Y., Nakano, Y., Mishiro, K., Takagi, T., Tsuruma, K., Nakamura, M., Yoshimura, S., Shimazawa, M., Hara, H., 2013. Involvement of Mincle and Syk in the changes to innate immunity after ischemic stroke. Sci. Rep. 3, 3177.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lewin, M.D., 2007. Better Software Project Management: A Primer for Success. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Stiglitz, J.E., Guzman, M. (Eds.), 2016. Contemporary Issues in Macroeconomics: Lessons from The Crisis and Beyond, International Economic Association Series. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
De Cecco, C.N., Rengo, M., 2014. D, in: Rengo, M. (Ed.), MDCT and MRI of the Heart, A-Z Notes in Radiological Practice and Reporting. Springer, Milano, pp. 39–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. Do We Really Need To Do Five Times As Much Exercise As We’ve Been Told? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1983. Analysis of Migration Characteristics of Children Served Under the Migrant Education Program (No. HRD-83-40). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fernandes, J.M., 2017. Physical and chemical properties of Jupiter’s north and south polar vortex revealed through mid-infrared imaging (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S., 2015. Seven Museums, Each Offering a Deadly Sin. New York Times WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Petherick, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Brown and Fialko, 2012; Petherick, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brown and Fialko, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Suzuki et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Res. Med. Aromat. Plants
ISSN (print)2214-7861

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