How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2003. A moving story. Nature 421, 765.
A journal article with 2 authors
Landskron, K., Ozin, G.A., 2004. Periodic mesoporous dendrisilicas. Science 306, 1529–1532.
A journal article with 3 authors
Davidson, E.M., Frothingham, R., Cook-Deegan, R., 2007. Science and security. Practical experiences in dual-use review. Science 316, 1432–1433.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liénart, S., Merceron, R., Vanderaa, C., Lambert, F., Colau, D., Stockis, J., van der Woning, B., De Haard, H., Saunders, M., Coulie, P.G., Savvides, S.N., Lucas, S., 2018. Structural basis of latent TGF-β1 presentation and activation by GARP on human regulatory T cells. Science 362, 952–956.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chin, E., Nel, D., Ólafsson, S., 2014. Problems and Solutions in Mathematical Finance. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Tantikanangkul, W., Pritchard, A. (Eds.), 2016. Politics of Autonomy and Sustainability in Myanmar: Change for New Hope…New Life?, Communication, Culture and Change in Asia. Springer, Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
Green, T.M., Arias-Hernandez, R., Fisher, B., 2014. Individual Differences and Translational Science in the Design of Human-Centered Visualizations, in: Huang, W. (Ed.), Handbook of Human Centric Visualization. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 93–113.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. 30 New Fly Species Discovered in Los Angeles [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2010. Joint Strike Fighter: Significant Challenges Remain as DOD Restructures Program (No. GAO-10-520T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zaghdoun, E., 2009. Entre lettres et portraits: Madame Du Deffand, auteur? (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M., 2010. Wrist Management. New York Times E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Landskron and Ozin, 2004; Smaglik, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Landskron and Ozin, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Liénart et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Res. Med. Aromat. Plants
ISSN (print)2214-7861

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