How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Liu, Z., 2011. Atmospheric science. Glacial cycles and Indian monsoon--a southern push. Science 333, 706–708.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hegazy, A.N., Powrie, F., 2015. MICROBIOME. Microbiota RORgulates intestinal suppressor T cells. Science 349, 929–930.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brengues, M., Teixeira, D., Parker, R., 2005. Movement of eukaryotic mRNAs between polysomes and cytoplasmic processing bodies. Science 310, 486–489.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schüssler, A., Martin, H., Cohen, D., Fitz, M., Wipf, D., 2006. Characterization of a carbohydrate transporter from symbiotic glomeromycotan fungi. Nature 444, 933–936.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Caltagirone, J.-P., 2015. Discrete Mechanics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bellomo, N., 2013. Complex Systems and Society: Modeling and Simulation, SpringerBriefs in Mathematics. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Mora, R., Pedrotti, L., Tuvo, G., Gili, S., 2006. Diagnosis, in: Mora, R. (Ed.), Nonunion of the Long Bones: Diagnosis and Treatment with Compression-Distraction Techniques. Springer, Milano, pp. 41–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Six Italian Scientists Acquitted of Manslaughter From 2009 Earthquake [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Advanced Technology Program: Inherent Factors in Selection Process Could Limit Identification of Similar Research (No. RCED-00-114). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peters, B., 2010. From Cybernetics to Cyber Networks: Norbert Wiener, the Soviet Internet, and the Cold War Dawn of Information Universalism (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Isherwood, C., 2016. A Jacobean Hit Man Who Doesn’t Want Cash. New York Times C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Liu, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Hegazy and Powrie, 2015; Liu, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hegazy and Powrie, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Schüssler et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Res. Med. Aromat. Plants
ISSN (print)2214-7861

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