How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sabadini, R., 2002. Paleoclimate. Ice sheet collapse and sea level change. Science 295, 2376–2377.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gantz, V.M., Bier, E., 2015. Genome editing. The mutagenic chain reaction: a method for converting heterozygous to homozygous mutations. Science 348, 442–444.
A journal article with 3 authors
Didham, R.K., Ewers, R.M., Gemmell, N.J., 2005. Comment on “Avian extinction and mammalian introductions on oceanic islands.” Science 307, 1412; author reply 1412.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Jones, R.J., Ward, S., Loh, W.K., 2002. Communication arising. Is coral bleaching really adaptive? Nature 415, 601–602.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kato, T., Handwerker, C.A., Bath, J., 2016. Mitigating Tin Whisker Risks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Chan, A.W.H., 2014. Atlas of Liver Pathology, Atlas of Anatomic Pathology. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Beer, J., McCracken, K., von Steiger, R., 2012. Introduction to Cosmic Radiation, in: McCracken, K., Steiger, R. von (Eds.), Cosmogenic Radionuclides: Theory and Applications in the Terrestrial and Space Environments, Physics of Earth and Space Environments. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 17–18.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Populations Of World’s Rarest Big Cat Rebound [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1972. Cloud-Seeding Activities Carried Out in the United States Under Programs Supported by the Federal Agencies (No. B-100063). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lima, A.A., 2009. Racial and cultural identity formation of low-income Brazilian youth of African descent through their experiences and perceptions in formal and informal schools (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B., 2017. Leader of Chiefs’ Special Teams Gives the Humble Punt Its Due. New York Times SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sabadini, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Gantz and Bier, 2015; Sabadini, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gantz and Bier, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Hoegh-Guldberg et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Res. Med. Aromat. Plants
ISSN (print)2214-7861

Other styles