How to format your references using the Journal of Automated Reasoning citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Automated Reasoning (J Autom Reasoning). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schaechter, M.: Retrospective. Lynn Margulis (1938-2011). Science. 335, 302 (2012)
A journal article with 2 authors
Frank, J., Agrawal, R.K.: A ratchet-like inter-subunit reorganization of the ribosome during translocation. Nature. 406, 318–322 (2000)
A journal article with 3 authors
Herrmann, B., Thöni, C., Gächter, S.: Antisocial punishment across societies. Science. 319, 1362–1367 (2008)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Martincorena, I., Fowler, J.C., Wabik, A., Lawson, A.R.J., Abascal, F., Hall, M.W.J., Cagan, A., Murai, K., Mahbubani, K., Stratton, M.R., Fitzgerald, R.C., Handford, P.A., Campbell, P.J., Saeb-Parsy, K., Jones, P.H.: Somatic mutant clones colonize the human esophagus with age. Science. 362, 911–917 (2018)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Le Bodic, G.: Mobile Messaging Technologies and Services. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2005)
An edited book
Chirico, G.: Gold Nanostars: Synthesis, Properties and Biomedical Application. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Aalbers, M.B.: How Do Mortgage Lenders Influence Neighbourhood Dynamics? Redlining and Predatory Lending. In: van Ham, M., Manley, D., Bailey, N., Simpson, L., and Maclennan, D. (eds.) Understanding Neighbourhood Dynamics: New Insights for Neighbourhood Effects Research. pp. 63–85. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Automated Reasoning.

Blog post
Evans, K.: How AI Will Affect Urban Life In 2030, According To Scientists,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Questions Remain on the Costs, Uses, and Risks of the Redesigned Space Station. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1991)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Austin, C.A.: Intravenous Exposure of Pregnant Mice to Silver Nanoparticles: Silver Tissue Distribution and Effects in Maternal and Extra-Embryonic Tissues and Embryos, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M.J.O.: Stepping Alone, Together, (2015)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Automated Reasoning
AbbreviationJ. Automat. Reason.
ISSN (print)0168-7433
ISSN (online)1573-0670
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Computational Theory and Mathematics

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