How to format your references using the Journal of Automated Reasoning citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Automated Reasoning. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Verma, I.M.: Renato Dulbecco (1914-2012). Nature. 483, 408 (2012)
A journal article with 2 authors
Lu, T., Wheeler, S.E.: Organic chemistry. Harnessing weak interactions for enantioselective catalysis. Science. 347, 719–720 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
Donlea, J.M., Ramanan, N., Shaw, P.J.: Use-dependent plasticity in clock neurons regulates sleep need in Drosophila. Science. 324, 105–108 (2009)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Guo, Z., Liu, Z.-G., Yao, X.-Z., Zhang, K.-S., Chen, X., Liu, J.-H., Huang, X.-J.: A molecular-gap device for specific determination of mercury ions. Sci. Rep. 3, 3115 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pandya, R.: Mobile and Personal Communication Services and Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2005)
An edited book
Tatas, K.: Designing 2D and 3D Network-on-Chip Architectures. Springer, New York, NY (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Mackay, A.L.: Food for Thought. In: Hargittai, B. and Hargittai, I. (eds.) Culture of Chemistry: The Best Articles on the Human Side of 20th-Century Chemistry from the Archives of the Chemical Intelligencer. pp. 29–30. Springer US, Boston, MA (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Automated Reasoning.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: How To Identify Someone With A Rare Disease,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Federal-Aid Highways: Cost and Oversight of Major Highway and Bridge Projects--Issues and Options. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2003)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Angell, B.D.: Transformational Innovation and Transformational Leadership in the U.S. Government Department of Defense Acquisitions Workforce, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M.: A Toothy Strongman Gets a Role at the Met Opera, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Automated Reasoning
AbbreviationJ. Automat. Reason.
ISSN (print)0168-7433
ISSN (online)1573-0670
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Computational Theory and Mathematics

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