How to format your references using the Journal of Automated Reasoning citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Automated Reasoning. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Westerfeld, S.: All is not lost. Nature. 406, 241 (2000)
A journal article with 2 authors
Anikeeva, P., Koppes, R.A.: BIOENGINEERING. Restoring the sense of touch. Science. 350, 274–275 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
Sparks, R.S.J., Biggs, J., Neuberg, J.W.: Geophysics. Monitoring volcanoes. Science. 335, 1310–1311 (2012)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Garman, S.C., Wurzburg, B.A., Tarchevskaya, S.S., Kinet, J.P., Jardetzky, T.S.: Structure of the Fc fragment of human IgE bound to its high-affinity receptor Fc epsilonRI alpha. Nature. 406, 259–266 (2000)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Peterson, R.L., Murtha, F.F.: MarketPsych. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2010)
An edited book
Mukerjee, R.: A Modern Theory of Factorial Designs. Springer, New York, NY (2006)
A chapter in an edited book
Kosmaoglou, M., Novoselova, T.V., Cheetham, M.E.: The Role of Chaperones and Co-Chaperones in Retinal Degenerative Diseases. In: Asea, A.A.A. and Brown, I.R. (eds.) Heat Shock Proteins and the Brain: Implications for Neurodegenerative Diseases and Neuroprotection. pp. 109–123. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2008)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Automated Reasoning.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Finding A Star To Call Home,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Training Necessary to Address Data Reliability Issues in NASA Agreement Database and to Minimize Potential Competition with Commercial Sector. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2011)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Armani, M.D.: Nucleic acid extraction and detection across two-dimensional tissue samples, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B.: A Historical Nightmare of Racism, Hypnotically Retold, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Automated Reasoning
AbbreviationJ. Automat. Reason.
ISSN (print)0168-7433
ISSN (online)1573-0670
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Computational Theory and Mathematics

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