How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Remote Sensing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Remote Sensing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Shubik, “RETROSPECTIVE. John Forbes Nash Jr. (1928-2015),” Science 348(6241), 1324 (2015).
A journal article with 2 authors
H.-W. Korf and H. Wicht, “The public cadaver,” Nature 428(6985), 805 (2004).
A journal article with 3 authors
S. Alben, M. Shelley, and J. Zhang, “Drag reduction through self-similar bending of a flexible body,” Nature 420(6915), 479–481 (2002).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. A. Rieger et al., “Pollen-mediated movement of herbicide resistance between commercial canola fields,” Science 296(5577), 2386–2388 (2002).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. A. Hunter, A Practical Guide to Critical Thinking, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2014).
An edited book
S. D. Wannemacker, S. Vandercruysse, and G. Clarebout, Eds., Serious Games: The Challenge: ITEC/CIP and T 2011: Joint Conference of the Interdisciplinary Research Group on Technology, Education, and Communication, and the Scientific Network on Critical and Flexible Thinking Ghent, Belgium, October 19-21, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2012).
A chapter in an edited book
J. P. V. D. Silva and C. C. Vieira, “The Value of Informal Learning for Illiterate Older Women Across the Lifespan,” in Private World(s): Gender and Informal Learning of Adults, J. Ostrouch-Kamińska and C. C. Vieira, Eds., pp. 59–71, SensePublishers, Rotterdam (2015).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Remote Sensing.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “New process converts algae to crude oil in less than an hour,” IFLScience, 19 December 2013, <> (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Student Athletes: Most Schools Meet Proposed Academic Performance Reporting Requirements,” HRD-89-157BR, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1989).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. O. Dean, “A discrete-time multiple event process survival mixture (MEPSUM) model for investigating the order and timing of multiple non-repeatable events,” Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina (2012).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
W. Hu and N. Remnick, “Belated Focus on Prime Suspect in an Outbreak,” in New York Times, p. A1 (2015).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Remote Sensing
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Remote Sens.
ISSN (online)1931-3195
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences

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