How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Remote Sensing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Remote Sensing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Vrakking, “Journal club. A physicist discusses how to visualize a molecule changing shape,” Nature 465(7296), 271 (2010).
A journal article with 2 authors
D. Shaywitz and H. Dansky, “Found in translation,” Nature 446(7136), 700 (2007).
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Tahir, A. MacKinnon, and U. Schwingenschlögl, “Novel spectral features of nanoelectromechanical systems,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4035 (2014).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. L. Salzberg et al., “Microbial genes in the human genome: lateral transfer or gene loss?,” Science 292(5523), 1903–1906 (2001).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Q. K. Zhu, Power Distribution Network Design For VLSI, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2005).
An edited book
G. Giambene, Ed., Resource Management in Satellite Networks: Optimization and Cross-Layer Design, Springer US, Boston, MA (2007).
A chapter in an edited book
E. P. Klement and R. Mesiar, “Monotone Measures-Based Integrals,” in Springer Handbook of Computational Intelligence, J. Kacprzyk and W. Pedrycz, Eds., pp. 75–88, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2015).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Remote Sensing.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, “The Milky Way’s Supermassive Black Hole Might Be Flinging Rocks Out Of The Galaxy,” IFLScience, 6 January 2017, <> (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Salary of Executive Director, National Advisory Council on Vocational Education,” B-179188, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1974).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
W. Crockett, “Student Transitions Into the Full-Time Virtual High School Setting,” Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University (2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
E. A. Harris and C. Moynihan, “Brooklyn Teacher Is Accused of Abusing Girls for 3 Years,” in New York Times, p. A1 (2014).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Remote Sensing
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Remote Sens.
ISSN (online)1931-3195
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences

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