How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Remote Sensing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Remote Sensing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. Nattel, “New ideas about atrial fibrillation 50 years on,” Nature 415(6868), 219–226 (2002).
A journal article with 2 authors
D. K. Yeomans and J. Veverka, “Obituary: Fred Lawrence Whipple (1906-2004),” Nature 432(7013), 31 (2004).
A journal article with 3 authors
A. I. Sobolevsky, M. P. Rosconi, and E. Gouaux, “X-ray structure, symmetry and mechanism of an AMPA-subtype glutamate receptor,” Nature 462(7274), 745–756 (2009).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L. Tweedy et al., “Distinct cell shapes determine accurate chemotaxis,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2606 (2013).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. J. Grimble, Robust Industrial Control Systems, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, England (2006).
An edited book
T. Venkatesh, An Analytical Approach to Optical Burst Switched Networks, C. S. R. Murthy, Ed., Springer US, Boston, MA (2010).
A chapter in an edited book
R. J. Alitappeh and L. C. A. Pimenta, “Distributed Safe Deployment of Networked Robots,” in Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems: The 12th International Symposium, N.-Y. Chong and Y.-J. Cho, Eds., pp. 65–77, Springer Japan, Tokyo (2016).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Remote Sensing.

Blog post
K. Hamilton, “When Parents Disagree With Doctors On A Child’s Treatment, Who Should Have The Final Say?,” IFLScience, 12 September 2016, <; (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Aviation Safety: Improved Data Quality and Analysis Capabilities Are Needed as FAA Plans a Risk-Based Approach to Safety Oversight,” GAO-10-414, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2010).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. M. Rholdon, “Analyzing Leadership Practices of Enrollment Management at Fletcher Technical Community College,” Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University (2012).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Lee, “Whatever Floats Your Soap,” in New York Times, p. D3 (2014).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Remote Sensing
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Remote Sens.
ISSN (online)1931-3195
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences

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