How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Remote Sensing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Remote Sensing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. Havlin, “Epidemiology. Phone infections,” Science 324(5930), 1023–1024 (2009).
A journal article with 2 authors
P. G. van Dokkum and C. Conroy, “A substantial population of low-mass stars in luminous elliptical galaxies,” Nature 468(7326), 940–942 (2010).
A journal article with 3 authors
R. Sousa-Nunes, L. L. Yee, and A. P. Gould, “Fat cells reactivate quiescent neuroblasts via TOR and glial insulin relays in Drosophila,” Nature 471(7339), 508–512 (2011).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Parrish et al., “Mitochondrial endonuclease G is important for apoptosis in C. elegans,” Nature 412(6842), 90–94 (2001).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. L. Russell and P. C. Arlow, Industrial Security, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ (2015).
An edited book
A. R. Bradley, The Calculus of Computation: Decision Procedures with Applications to Verification, Z. Manna, Ed., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2007).
A chapter in an edited book
D. Mark et al., “More User Interface Fun,” in Beginning iPhone Development with Swift 2: Exploring the iOS SDK, K. Topley et al., Eds., pp. 91–140, Apress, Berkeley, CA (2015).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Remote Sensing.

Blog post
T. Hale, “This Fish Can Survive Crazy Levels Of Pollution Thanks To Rapid Evolution,” IFLScience, 13 December 2016, <> (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Federal Research Grants: Maintaining Public Accountability Without Inhibiting Creative Research,” 094378, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1979).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B. L. Stangl, “The mediation of cognitive task performance in post-menopausal women: An examination of the effects of DHEA upon cognition,” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University (2010).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Leland, “Gloria Steinem Never Stops,” in New York Times, p. MB1 (2016).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Remote Sensing
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Remote Sens.
ISSN (online)1931-3195
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences

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