How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Remote Sensing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Remote Sensing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
W. Ellis, “At the zoo,” Nature 408(6810), 295 (2000).
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Medina-Elizalde and E. J. Rohling, “Collapse of Classic Maya civilization related to modest reduction in precipitation,” Science 335(6071), 956–959 (2012).
A journal article with 3 authors
D. L. Jones, R. C. Brewster, and R. Phillips, “Promoter architecture dictates cell-to-cell variability in gene expression,” Science 346(6216), 1533–1536 (2014).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Huang et al., “Mn₃[Co(CN)₆]₂@SiO₂ core-shell nanocubes: novel bimodal contrast agents for MRI and optical imaging,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2647 (2013).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
W. Kunz, Species Conservation in Managed Habitats, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany (2016).
An edited book
S. T. Acuña and N. Juristo, Eds., Software Process Modeling, Springer US, Boston, MA (2005).
A chapter in an edited book
H. Gruber and M. Holzer, “Finite Automata, Digraph Connectivity, and Regular Expression Size,” in Automata, Languages and Programming: 35th International Colloquium, ICALP 2008, Reykjavik, Iceland, July 7-11, 2008, Proceedings, Part II, L. Aceto et al., Eds., pp. 39–50, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2008).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Remote Sensing.

Blog post
S. Luntz, “Hikers Caught In Volcanic Eruption Capture Moment On Camera,” IFLScience, 29 September 2014 (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Special Education: Improved Performance Measures Could Enhance Oversight of Dispute Resolution,” GAO-14-390, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2014).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Y.-T. Hsu, “Input and Uptake in High School EFL Students’ Multiple-Draft Writing Process: A Case Study of a Taiwanese High School EFL Classroom,” Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University (2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
I. Urbina, “Forced Labor for Cheap Fish,” in New York Times, p. A1 (2015).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Remote Sensing
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Remote Sens.
ISSN (online)1931-3195
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences

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