How to format your references using the Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Humphries C. 2013. Nature. 502(7470):S14-5
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang Z, Becker H. 2013. Nature. 499(7458):328–31
A journal article with 3 authors
Adkins JF, McIntyre K, Schrag DP. 2002. Science. 298(5599):1769–73
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tamura M, Yanagawa F, Sugiura S, Takagi T, Sumaru K, et al. 2014. Sci. Rep. 4:4793

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Edmonds ME, Foster AVM, Sanders LJ. 2008. A Practical Manual of Diabetic Foot Care. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing
An edited book
Jiang X, Ferrer M, Torsello A, eds. 2011. Graph-Based Representations in Pattern Recognition: 8th IAPR-TC-15 International Workshop, GbRPR 2011, Münster, Germany, May 18-20, 2011. Proceedings, Vol. 6658. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. XI, 345 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Strommer J, Garabagi F. 2009. In Petunia: Evolutionary, Developmental and Physiological Genetics, ed T Gerats, J Strommer, pp. 71–84. New York, NY: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics.

Blog post
Fang J. 2014. Lab-grown Esophagus Implanted in Rat. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Monitoring the Development of the Federal Power Commission’s Regulatory Information System. GGD-77-95, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rojas A. 2010. ASD: A family approach curriculum. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. 2011. New York Times, Sep. 11, p. SP9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Humphries 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Humphries 2013; Wang & Becker 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang & Becker 2013)
  • Three authors: (Adkins, McIntyre & Schrag 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Tamura et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys.
ISSN (print)0066-4146
ISSN (online)1545-4282
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

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