How to format your references using the Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia (Brazilian Journal of Rheumatology) citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia (Brazilian Journal of Rheumatology). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maxmen A. Grassroots initiatives. Nature. 2010 Jul 15;466(7304):S20.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dalton R, Abbott A. Hawaii reaches for the stars with astronomy master plan. Nature. 2000 Jun 22;405(6789):872.
A journal article with 3 authors
Säterberg T, Sellman S, Ebenman B. High frequency of functional extinctions in ecological networks. Nature. 2013 Jul 25;499(7459):468–70.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sun Z, Li G, Wang C, Jing Y, Zhu Y, Zhang S, et al. Community dynamics of prokaryotic and eukaryotic microbes in an estuary reservoir. Sci Rep. 2014 Nov 10;4:6966.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cavalla D. Off-label prescribing - Justifying unapproved medicine. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Giardi MT, Rea G, Berra B, editors. Bio-Farms for Nutraceuticals: Functional Food and Safety Control by Biosensors. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2010. XXVII, 334 p. (Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology; vol. 698).
A chapter in an edited book
Cho H, Ishida T, Inaba R, Takasaki T, Mori Y. Pictogram Retrieval Based on Collective Semantics. In: Jacko JA, editor. Human-Computer Interaction HCI Intelligent Multimodal Interaction Environments: 12th International Conference, HCI International 2007, Beijing, China, July 22-27, 2007, Proceedings, Part III. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 31–9. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia (Brazilian Journal of Rheumatology).

Blog post
Carpineti A. Nearby Exoplanets Confirmed To Be Earth-Sized [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Improvements Needed in NASA’s Estimating and Reporting of Program Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973 May. Report No.: 093832.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Solano EA. Hindemith’s Sonata for Viola, ope 11, no.4 A compositional and historical perspective [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hannibal ME. Why the Beaver Should Thank the Wolf. New York Times. 2012 Sep 29;A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista Brasileira de Reumatologia (Brazilian Journal of Rheumatology)
AbbreviationRev. Bras. Reumatol.
ISSN (print)0482-5004
ISSN (online)1809-4570

Other styles