How to format your references using the Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia (Brazilian Journal of Rheumatology) citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia (Brazilian Journal of Rheumatology). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Declercq G. Comment on “How science survived: medieval manuscripts’ ‘demography’ and classic texts’ extinction.” Science. 2005 Dec 9;310(5754):1618; author reply 1618.
A journal article with 2 authors
Spitale JN, Porco CC. Association of the jets of Enceladus with the warmest regions on its south-polar fractures. Nature. 2007 Oct 11;449(7163):695–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Koh K, Zheng X, Sehgal A. JETLAG resets the Drosophila circadian clock by promoting light-induced degradation of TIMELESS. Science. 2006 Jun 23;312(5781):1809–12.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pope KO, Pohl ME, Jones JG, Lentz DL, von Nagy C, Vega FJ, et al. Origin and environmental setting of ancient agriculture in the lowlands of Mesoamerica. Science. 2001 May 18;292(5520):1370–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lee JYB. Scalable Continuous Media Streaming Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
Teichler U, Cummings WK, editors. Forming, Recruiting and Managing the Academic Profession. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. XIII, 328 p. 21 illus., 4 illus. in color. (The Changing Academy – The Changing Academic Profession in International Comparative Perspective; vol. 14).
A chapter in an edited book
Stanta G. Tissue Heterogeneity as a Pre-analytical Source of Variability. In: Dietel M, Wittekind C, Bussolati G, Winterfeld M von, editors. Pre-Analytics of Pathological Specimens in Oncology. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 35–43. (Recent Results in Cancer Research).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia (Brazilian Journal of Rheumatology).

Blog post
Andrew E. Snowball Earth: New Study Shows Antarctic Climate Even Gripped The Tropics [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Agencies’ Maintenance of Computer Programs: Expensive and Undermanaged. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981 Feb. Report No.: AFMD-81-25.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Green SW. The influence of satisfaction among African American males on community college choices [Doctoral dissertation]. [Mississippi State, MS]: Mississippi State University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hirsch GA. Building Their Sport Stride By Stride. New York Times. 2013 Oct 29;B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista Brasileira de Reumatologia (Brazilian Journal of Rheumatology)
AbbreviationRev. Bras. Reumatol.
ISSN (print)0482-5004
ISSN (online)1809-4570

Other styles