How to format your references using the Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia (Brazilian Journal of Rheumatology) citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia (Brazilian Journal of Rheumatology). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kummel AC. Chemistry. How to assemble a molecular junction. Science. 2003 Oct 3;302(5642):69–70.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bernèche S, Roux B. Energetics of ion conduction through the K+ channel. Nature. 2001 Nov 1;414(6859):73–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pendry JB, Martín-Moreno L, Garcia-Vidal FJ. Mimicking surface plasmons with structured surfaces. Science. 2004 Aug 6;305(5685):847–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Guy J, Gan J, Selfridge J, Cobb S, Bird A. Reversal of neurological defects in a mouse model of Rett syndrome. Science. 2007 Feb 23;315(5815):1143–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kölle W. Wasseranalysen - richtig beurteilt. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2017.
An edited book
Yu F. Three-Dimensional Model Analysis and Processing. Luo H, Lu Z, Wang P, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. 500 p. 160 illus., 40 illus. in color. (Advanced Topics in Science and Technology in China; vol. 0).
A chapter in an edited book
Kuijf HJ, Tax CMW, Zaanen LK, Bouvy WH, de Bresser J, Leemans A, et al. The Added Value of Diffusion Tensor Imaging for Automated White Matter Hyperintensity Segmentation. In: O’Donnell L, Nedjati-Gilani G, Rathi Y, Reisert M, Schneider T, editors. Computational Diffusion MRI: MICCAI Workshop, Boston, MA, USA, September 2014. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 45–53. (Mathematics and Visualization).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia (Brazilian Journal of Rheumatology).

Blog post
Andrew E. Destruction of Amazon Rainforest Visible From Space [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Mutual Funds: Assessment of Regulatory Reforms to Improve the Management and Sale of Mutual Funds. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 Mar. Report No.: GAO-04-533T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Valadez I. A psycho-education peer support group for homeless youth: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon MR, Erdbrink T. U.S. Shoots Down Syrian Warplane; Iran Launches Missiles Into Syria. New York Times. 2017 Jun 18;A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista Brasileira de Reumatologia (Brazilian Journal of Rheumatology)
AbbreviationRev. Bras. Reumatol.
ISSN (print)0482-5004
ISSN (online)1809-4570

Other styles