How to format your references using the Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia (Brazilian Journal of Rheumatology) citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia (Brazilian Journal of Rheumatology). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. Coping with the inevitable. Nature. 2004 Aug 26;430(7003):1063.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kwon HB, Sabatini BL. Glutamate induces de novo growth of functional spines in developing cortex. Nature. 2011 Jun 2;474(7349):100–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hudson JJ, Taylor WD, Schindler DW. Phosphate concentrations in lakes. Nature. 2000 Jul 6;406(6791):54–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zeng X, Kieffer R, Glettner B, Nürnberger C, Liu F, Pelz K, et al. Complex multicolor tilings and critical phenomena in tetraphilic liquid crystals. Science. 2011 Mar 11;331(6022):1302–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Delgado RLC, Araki M. Spoken, Multilingual and Multimodal Dialogue Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Nicolescu G, O’Connor I, Piguet C, editors. Design Technology for Heterogeneous Embedded Systems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. XII, 480 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Cardó C. Algebraic Governance and Symmetry in Dependency Grammars. In: Foret A, Morrill G, Muskens R, Osswald R, Pogodalla S, editors. Formal Grammar: 20th and 21st International Conferences, FG 2015, Barcelona, Spain, August 2015, Revised Selected Papers FG 2016, Bozen, Italy, August 2016, Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016. p. 60–76. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia (Brazilian Journal of Rheumatology).

Blog post
Andrews R. Extremely Rare White Orcas Spotted In Russian Waters. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Electronic Government: Success of the Office of Management and Budget’s 25 Initiatives Depends on Effective Management and Oversight. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 Mar. Report No.: GAO-03-495T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mueller C. A Multidimensional Perspective of Faculty Mentoring and Job Satisfaction during the First Year of Teaching at Lindenwood University [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crawford S. Trump’s Big Telecom Giveaway. New York Times. 2017 Apr 17;A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista Brasileira de Reumatologia (Brazilian Journal of Rheumatology)
AbbreviationRev. Bras. Reumatol.
ISSN (print)0482-5004
ISSN (online)1809-4570

Other styles