How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Phycology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Phycology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalton R (2000) International science council names first female president. Nature 403:582
A journal article with 2 authors
Trost BM, Dong G (2008) Total synthesis of bryostatin 16 using atom-economical and chemoselective approaches. Nature 456:485–488
A journal article with 3 authors
Neumann G, Noda T, Kawaoka Y (2009) Emergence and pandemic potential of swine-origin H1N1 influenza virus. Nature 459:931–939
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ghaemmaghami S, Huh W-K, Bower K, et al (2003) Global analysis of protein expression in yeast. Nature 425:737–741

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bard J, Kovarik VJ Jr (2007) Software Defined Radio. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Zhang L (ed) (2016) Nonclinical Statistics for Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Industries, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Ziegler GM, Vogt T (2012) Mathematics for the People. In: Behrends E, Crato N, Rodrigues JF (eds) Raising Public Awareness of Mathematics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 37–46

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Phycology.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) First Baby In Europe With Zika-Related Microcephaly Born In Spain. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982) Regulatory Effects on R&D Are Better Assessed As Part of the Innovation Process. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maranhao B (2015) Efficient identification of disease causative mutations with next generation sequencing technologies. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M (2010) Scouting Report. New York Times E5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dalton 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Dalton 2000; Trost and Dong 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Trost and Dong 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Ghaemmaghami et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Phycology
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Phycol.
ISSN (print)0921-8971
ISSN (online)1573-5176
ScopeAquatic Science
Plant Science

Other styles