How to format your references using the Chinese Physics C citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Physics C. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clayton J 2004 RNA interference: the silent treatment Nature 431 599–605
A journal article with 2 authors
Stern S A and Weissman P R 2001 Rapid collisional evolution of comets during the formation of the Oort cloud Nature 409 589–91
A journal article with 3 authors
Wootton S K, Halbert C L and Miller A D 2005 Sheep retrovirus structural protein induces lung tumours Nature 434 904–7
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Nesvorný D, Bottke W F Jr, Dones L and Levison H F 2002 The recent breakup of an asteroid in the main-belt region Nature 417 720–71

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abid M M 2006 Spacecraft Sensors (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Naghavi M 2011 Asymptomatic Atherosclerosis: Pathophysiology, Detection and Treatment (Totowa, NJ: Humana Press)
A chapter in an edited book
Cuomo C, Cochran J K and Turekian K K 2014 Geochemistry of the Long Island Sound Estuary Long Island Sound: Prospects for the Urban Sea Springer Series on Environmental Management ed J S Latimer, M A Tedesco, R L Swanson, C Yarish, P E Stacey and C Garza (New York, NY: Springer) pp 159–201

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Physics C.

Blog post
Davis J 2017 Great White Sharks Are Being Hunted By Killer Whales In South Africa IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1988 Securities Regulation: Hostile Corporate Takeovers: Synopses of Thirty-Two Attempts (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gunathilaka D 2015 Compliance with dietary restrictions among African American older adults with chronic kidney disease in a nursing home setting Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky M 2017 Top Degrees for Homeownership New York Times RE2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Physics C
ISSN (print)1674-1137
ScopeAstronomy and Astrophysics
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Other styles