How to format your references using the Chinese Physics C citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Physics C. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Polaszek A 2005 A universal register for animal names Nature 437 477
A journal article with 2 authors
Birks H J B and Birks H H 2004 Paleoecology. The rise and fall of forests Science 305 484–5
A journal article with 3 authors
McKinnon L, Nol E and Juillet C 2013 Arctic-nesting birds find physiological relief in the face of trophic constraints Sci. Rep. 3 1816
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Busemann H, Young A F, Alexander C M O, Hoppe P, Mukhopadhyay S and Nittler L R 2006 Interstellar chemistry recorded in organic matter from primitive meteorites Science 312 727–30

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marsh N 2014 Forensic Photography (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Didenko V D 2008 Approximation of Additive Convolution-Like Operators: Real C*-Algebra Approach ed B Silbermann (Basel: Birkhäuser)
A chapter in an edited book
Gavrilovska L, Denkovski D, Rakovic V and Angjelicinoski M 2015 Medium Access Control Protocols in Cognitive Radio Networks Cognitive Radio and Networking for Heterogeneous Wireless Networks: Recent Advances and Visions for the Future Signals and Communication Technology ed M-G Di Benedetto, A F Cattoni, J Fiorina, F Bader and L De Nardis (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 109–49

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Physics C.

Blog post
Andrew E 2015 Conservationists Plan To Airlift 100 Rhinos To Save Them From Poaching IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2002 District of Columbia: More Details Needed on Plans to Integrate Computer Systems With the Family Court and Use Federal Funds (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mukherjee N 2003 Development of High Sensitivity Bending Mode Polymer Piezoelectric Devices for Inner Ear Implantation Doctoral dissertation (Cincinnati, OH: University of Cincinnati)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines G G 2015 Familiar Face on ‘Sesame Street’ Tells of Her Own Childhood New York Times C2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Physics C
ISSN (print)1674-1137
ScopeAstronomy and Astrophysics
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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