How to format your references using the Chinese Physics C citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Physics C. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon D 2000 Partners resolve their differences and unite at the second attempt Nature 405 258
A journal article with 2 authors
Maerkl S J and Quake S R 2007 A systems approach to measuring the binding energy landscapes of transcription factors Science 315 233–7
A journal article with 3 authors
Pullium J K, Roble G S and Raymond M A 2014 Emergency planning: Be prepared Nature 514 430
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Mohamed B M, Movia D, Knyazev A, Langevin D, Davies A M, Prina-Mello A and Volkov Y 2013 Citrullination as early-stage indicator of cell response to single-walled carbon nanotubes Sci. Rep. 3 1124

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ananthakrishnan A N, Xavier R J and Podolsky D K 2017 Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Condello A and Lehmann S 2016 Sustainable Lina: Lina Bo Bardi’s Adaptive Reuse Projects (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Xiao T, Zhang C, Zha H and Wei F 2015 Anomaly Detection via Local Coordinate Factorization and Spatio-Temporal Pyramid Computer Vision -- ACCV 2014: 12th Asian Conference on Computer Vision, Singapore, Singapore, November 1-5, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Part V Lecture Notes in Computer Science ed D Cremers, I Reid, H Saito and M-H Yang (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 66–82

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Physics C.

Blog post
Hamilton K 2014 What Happens When You Give A Squirrel A GoPro? IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1982 Analysis of the Energy Research and Development Budget Proposal Process (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Masuyama G 2010 The Bird Is A Word Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear M D 2017 In Era of Vitriol, Somber Duty Skids Into Spectacle New York Times A29

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Physics C
ISSN (print)1674-1137
ScopeAstronomy and Astrophysics
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Other styles