How to format your references using the Chinese Physics C citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Physics C. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schneider S 2009 The worst-case scenario Nature 458 1104–5
A journal article with 2 authors
Halloran M E and Longini I M Jr 2006 Public health. Community studies for vaccinating schoolchildren against influenza Science 311 615–6
A journal article with 3 authors
Mora C, Danovaro R and Loreau M 2014 Alternative hypotheses to explain why biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationships are concave-up in some natural ecosystems but concave-down in manipulative experiments Sci. Rep. 4 5427
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Sil S, Kuhar N, Acharya S and Umapathy S 2013 Is chemically synthesized graphene “really” a unique substrate for SERS and fluorescence quenching? Sci. Rep. 3 3336

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ursone P 2015 How to Calculate Options Prices and Their Greeks (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Krueger R R, Talamo J H and Lindstrom R L 2013 Textbook of Refractive Laser Assisted Cataract Surgery (ReLACS) (New York, NY: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Weinstein V, Schwartz R, Grossman I, Zeskind B and Nicholas J M 2015 Glatiramoids Non-Biological Complex Drugs: The Science and the Regulatory Landscape AAPS Advances in the Pharmaceutical Sciences Series ed D J A Crommelin and J S B de Vlieger (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 107–48

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Physics C.

Blog post
Carpineti A 2017 Galactic Alignment Happened Just After The Dawn Of The Universe IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1990 Monte Canfield, Jr., 1974-1978 (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Piekielek J A 2009 Public wildlands at the U.S.-Mexico border: Where conservation, migration, and border enforcement collide Doctoral dissertation (Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee L 2014 Loving Trees, Even the Messy Ones New York Times D2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Physics C
ISSN (print)1674-1137
ScopeAstronomy and Astrophysics
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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