How to format your references using the Chinese Physics C citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Physics C. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burke B 2006 Cell biology. Nuclear pore complex models gel Science 314 766–7
A journal article with 2 authors
Ishibashi J and Seale P 2010 Medicine. Beige can be slimming Science 328 1113–4
A journal article with 3 authors
Whittington A G, Hofmeister A M and Nabelek P I 2009 Temperature-dependent thermal diffusivity of the Earth’s crust and implications for magmatism Nature 458 319–21
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Siepielski A M, Morrissey M B, Buoro M, Carlson S M, Caruso C M, Clegg S M, Coulson T, DiBattista J, Gotanda K M, Francis C D, Hereford J, Kingsolver J G, Augustine K E, Kruuk L E B, Martin R A, Sheldon B C, Sletvold N, Svensson E I, Wade M J and MacColl A D C 2018 Response to Comment on “Precipitation drives global variation in natural selection” Science 359

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Laykin E 2013 Investigative Computer Forensics (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Zohdi T I and Wriggers P 2005 An Introduction to Computational Micromechanics: Corrected Second Printing vol 20 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Kovinich N, Arnason J T, De Luca V and Miki B 2011 Coloring Soybeans with Anthocyanins? The Biological Activity of Phytochemicals ed D R Gang (New York, NY: Springer) pp 47–57

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Physics C.

Blog post
Evans K 2017 Can Video Games Influence Sexist Attitudes? IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1979 Better Cash Management Can Reduce the Cost of the National Direct Student Loan Program (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gonzales M 2017 Examining institutional career preparation: Student perceptions of their workplace readiness and the role of the university in student career development Doctoral dissertation (Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Philpott M L 2017 Finding What I Need at the Mall New York Times SR10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Physics C
ISSN (print)1674-1137
ScopeAstronomy and Astrophysics
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Other styles