How to format your references using the Chinese Physics C citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Physics C. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
López-Urrutia A 2003 Allometry: How reliable is the biological time clock? Nature 424 269–70; discussion 270
A journal article with 2 authors
Sussman M R and Phillips G N Jr 2009 Plant science. How plant cells go to sleep for a long, long time Science 326 1356–7
A journal article with 3 authors
Sinsabaugh R L, Hill B H and Follstad Shah J J 2009 Ecoenzymatic stoichiometry of microbial organic nutrient acquisition in soil and sediment Nature 462 795–8
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Mitchell A, Romano G H, Groisman B, Yona A, Dekel E, Kupiec M, Dahan O and Pilpel Y 2009 Adaptive prediction of environmental changes by microorganisms Nature 460 220–4

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Charalambides C A 2005 Combinatorial Methods in Discrete Distributions: Charalambides/Combinatorial (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Goldberg I and Atallah M J 2009 Privacy Enhancing Technologies: 9th International Symposium, PETS 2009, Seattle, WA, USA, August 5-7, 2009. Proceedings vol 5672 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Zanzonico P 2013 Instrumentation Nuclear Oncology: Pathophysiology and Clinical Applications ed H W Strauss, G Mariani, D Volterrani and S M Larson (New York, NY: Springer) pp 93–120

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Physics C.

Blog post
Fang J 2016 Dung Beetles Evolved With Dinosaurs IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2010 Joint Strike Fighter: Significant Challenges Remain as DOD Restructures Program (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davis M 2015 Opprobrious Identities: The Enslaving Effect of Black Respectability on Queer Black Men Doctoral dissertation (Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C 2008 A Builder of Broadway’s World, From ‘Chicago’ to ‘Spamalot’ New York Times WE6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Physics C
ISSN (print)1674-1137
ScopeAstronomy and Astrophysics
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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