How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Mechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Mechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Young, L. J., 2009, “Being Human: Love: Neuroscience Reveals All,” Nature, 457(7226), p. 148.
A journal article with 2 authors
Campbell, P., and Grayson, M., 2014, “Assessing Science,” Nature, 511(7510), p. S49.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rajca, A., Wongsriratanakul, J., and Rajca, S., 2001, “Magnetic Ordering in an Organic Polymer,” Science, 294(5546), pp. 1503–1505.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hu, L., Mateo, P., Ye, M., Zhang, X., Berset, J. D., Handrick, V., Radisch, D., Grabe, V., Köllner, T. G., Gershenzon, J., Robert, C. A. M., and Erb, M., 2018, “Plant Iron Acquisition Strategy Exploited by an Insect Herbivore,” Science, 361(6403), pp. 694–697.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hellesland, J., Challamel, N., Casandjian, C., and Lanos, C., 2013, Reinforced Concrete Beams, Columns and Frames, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Andreescu, C., and Clenci, A., eds., 2016, Proceedings of the European Automotive Congress EAEC-ESFA 2015, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Megha, S., Basu, U., Rahman, M. H., and Kav, N. N. V., 2015, “The Role of Long Non-Coding RNAs in Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants,” Elucidation of Abiotic Stress Signaling in Plants: Functional Genomics Perspectives, Volume 2, G.K. Pandey, ed., Springer, New York, NY, pp. 93–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Mechanics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014, “A Lab In South Korea Will Clone Your Dog For $100,000,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998, FCC: Installment Payment Financing for Personal Communications Services Licensees, OGC-99-3, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yang, L., 2012, “A Comparison of Unsupervised Learning Techniques for Detection of Medical Abuse in Automobile Claims,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010, “St. John’s Takes an Opener, With No Fight From UConn,” New York Times, p. B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Mechanics
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Mech.
ISSN (print)0021-8936
ISSN (online)1528-9036
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles