How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Mechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Mechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler, D., 2003, “Safety Doubts Force Rethink of Embattled Comet Mission,” Nature, 421(6920), p. 198.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pagliarini, R. A., and Xu, T., 2003, “A Genetic Screen in Drosophila for Metastatic Behavior,” Science, 302(5648), pp. 1227–1231.
A journal article with 3 authors
Blake, R. E., Chang, S. J., and Lepland, A., 2010, “Phosphate Oxygen Isotopic Evidence for a Temperate and Biologically Active Archaean Ocean,” Nature, 464(7291), pp. 1029–1032.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dong, C., Beis, K., Nesper, J., Brunkan-Lamontagne, A. L., Clarke, B. R., Whitfield, C., and Naismith, J. H., 2006, “Wza the Translocon for E. Coli Capsular Polysaccharides Defines a New Class of Membrane Protein,” Nature, 444(7116), pp. 226–229.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fan, J., 2010, Multiscale Analysis of Deformation and Failure of Materials, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Wolter, K., ed., 2007, Formal Methods and Stochastic Models for Performance Evaluation: Fourth European Performance Engineering Workshop, EPEW 2007, Berlin, Germany, September 27-28, 2007. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Bloembergen, M., and Eickhoff, M., 2015, “Save Borobudur! The Moral Dynamics of Heritage Formation in Indonesia across Orders and Borders, 1930s–1980s,” Cultural Heritage as Civilizing Mission: From Decay to Recovery, M. Falser, ed., Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 83–119.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Mechanics.

Blog post
Evans, K., 2017, “New Guidelines Advise Giving Peanuts To Babies Early To Prevent Allergies,” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992, NASA Space Suits, NSIAD-92-197R, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lancelin, D. B., 2017, “A Phenomenological Case Study of Teacher Experiences with and Understanding of Instruction Aligned to the CCSS, and Their Role in Advancing Equal Educational Opportunities for Students,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B., 2017, “N.H.L. Says Its Players Will Skip 2018 Olympics,” New York Times, p. B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Mechanics
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Mech.
ISSN (print)0021-8936
ISSN (online)1528-9036
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

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