How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Mechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Mechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Semenza, G. L., 2007, “Life with Oxygen,” Science, 318(5847), pp. 62–64.
A journal article with 2 authors
Genda, H., and Abe, Y., 2005, “Enhanced Atmospheric Loss on Protoplanets at the Giant Impact Phase in the Presence of Oceans,” Nature, 433(7028), pp. 842–844.
A journal article with 3 authors
Monteggia, L. M., Malenka, R. C., and Deisseroth, K., 2014, “Depression: The Best Way Forward,” Nature, 515(7526), pp. 200–201.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Vyas, N., Walvekar, A., Tate, D., Lakshmanan, V., Bansal, D., Lo Cicero, A., Raposo, G., Palakodeti, D., and Dhawan, J., 2014, “Vertebrate Hedgehog Is Secreted on Two Types of Extracellular Vesicles with Different Signaling Properties,” Sci. Rep., 4, p. 7357.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Duffy, D. J., 2006, Introduction to C++ for Financial Engineers, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Tan, K. C., 2005, Multiobjective Evolutionary Algorithms and Applications, Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Stroo, H. F., Major, D. W., Steffan, R. J., Koenigsberg, S. S., and Ward, C. H., 2013, “Bioaugmentation with Dehalococcoides: A Decision Guide,” Bioaugmentation for Groundwater Remediation, H.F. Stroo, A. Leeson, and C.H. Ward, eds., Springer, New York, NY, pp. 117–140.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Mechanics.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016, “Burning All Our Fossil Fuels Will Scorch The Earth And Obliterate The Arctic,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2010, Telecommunications: FCC Should Assess the Design of the E-Rate Program’s Internal Control Structure, GAO-10-908, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Donihoo, K., 2017, “Best Practices and Strategies Used by Church Leaders to Mitigate and Prevent Burnout Among Church Volunteers,” Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, M. M., 2014, “Bankruptcy Judge Gets View of Detroit Outside Courtroom,” New York Times, p. A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Mechanics
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Mech.
ISSN (print)0021-8936
ISSN (online)1528-9036
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

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