How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Mechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Mechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zuk, M., 2010, “Evolution. Dance like No One Is Watching, Sing like No One Is Listening?,” Science, 328(5983), pp. 1237–1238.
A journal article with 2 authors
Abouheif, E., and Wray, G. A., 2002, “Evolution of the Gene Network Underlying Wing Polyphenism in Ants,” Science, 297(5579), pp. 249–252.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yamashita, T., Hige, T., and Takahashi, T., 2005, “Vesicle Endocytosis Requires Dynamin-Dependent GTP Hydrolysis at a Fast CNS Synapse,” Science, 307(5706), pp. 124–127.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Flematti, G. R., Ghisalberti, E. L., Dixon, K. W., and Trengove, R. D., 2004, “A Compound from Smoke That Promotes Seed Germination,” Science, 305(5686), p. 977.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Li, W., 2004, Risk Assessment of Power Systems, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Yin, H., 2016, Spatio-Temporal Recommendation in Social Media, Springer, Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
Curry, G. L., and Feldman, R. M., 2011, “Processing Time Variability,” Manufacturing Systems Modeling and Analysis, R.M. Feldman, ed., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 109–123.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Mechanics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014, “NASA Tests 3D Printed Rocket Parts,” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005, Information Technology: Responses to Subcommittee Post-Hearing Questions Regarding the FBI’s Management Practices and Acquisition of a New Investigative Case Management System, GAO-06-302R, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bell, J., 2015, “A Phenomenological Study of African American GS-13 to GS-15 Managers within the Federal Government,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2016, “Exploring the Silence After the War,” New York Times, p. C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Mechanics
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Mech.
ISSN (print)0021-8936
ISSN (online)1528-9036
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles