How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Mechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Mechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blackburn, E. H., 2000, “Telomere States and Cell Fates,” Nature, 408(6808), pp. 53–56.
A journal article with 2 authors
Walker, M. J., and Beatson, S. A., 2012, “Epidemiology. Outsmarting Outbreaks,” Science, 338(6111), pp. 1161–1162.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zachos, J. C., Dickens, G. R., and Zeebe, R. E., 2008, “An Early Cenozoic Perspective on Greenhouse Warming and Carbon-Cycle Dynamics,” Nature, 451(7176), pp. 279–283.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Müller, M. M., Malinowski, P., Gruber, T., and Hillyard, S. A., 2003, “Sustained Division of the Attentional Spotlight,” Nature, 424(6946), pp. 309–312.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gardi, F., Benoist, T., Darlay, J., Estellon, B., and Megel, R., 2014, Mathematical Programming Solver Based on Local Search, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Tavares, J. M. R. S., and Natal Jorge, R. M., eds., 2015, Computational and Experimental Biomedical Sciences: Methods and Applications: ICCEBS 2013 -- International Conference on Computational and Experimental Biomedical Sciences, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Mata, F., and Levachkine, S., 2009, “IRank: Integral Ranking of Geographical Information by Semantic, Geographic, and Topological Matching,” Information Fusion and Geographic Information Systems: Proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop, 17-20 May 2009, V.V. Popovich, C. Claramunt, M. Schrenk, and K.V. Korolenko, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 77–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Mechanics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015, “These Strange Goo Balls Keep Washing Up On U.S. Beaches,” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2002, Human Services Integration: Results of a GAO Cosponsored Conference on Modernizing Information Systems, GAO-02-121, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davenport, C. S., 2017, “Dynamic Modeling Framework to Predict Instantaneous Status of a Tractor-Dolly System,” Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J. B., 2016, “Why a Merger of Media Firms That Should Be a Sure Bet Isn’t,” New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Mechanics
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Mech.
ISSN (print)0021-8936
ISSN (online)1528-9036
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

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