How to format your references using the Solid State Electronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Solid State Electronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Bohman T. Mathematics. Emergence of connectivity in networks. Science 2009;323:1438–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Roderick ML, Farquhar GD. The cause of decreased pan evaporation over the past 50 years. Science 2002;298:1410–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Sherwood SC, Bony S, Dufresne J-L. Spread in model climate sensitivity traced to atmospheric convective mixing. Nature 2014;505:37–42.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Woods CJ, Malaisree M, Long B, McIntosh-Smith S, Mulholland AJ. Computational assay of H7N9 influenza neuraminidase reveals R292K mutation reduces drug binding affinity. Sci Rep 2013;3:3561.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Mazzi B. Treasury Finance and Development Banking. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Wu T-T, Ma C-C, editors. IUTAM Symposium on Recent Advances of Acoustic Waves in Solids: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium on Recent Advances of Acoustic Waves in Solids, Taipei, Taiwan, May 25-28, 2009. vol. 26. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Kontio J, Bragge J, Lehtola L. The Focus Group Method as an Empirical Tool in Software Engineering. In: Shull F, Singer J, Sjøberg DIK, editors. Guide to Advanced Empirical Software Engineering, London: Springer; 2008, p. 93–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Solid State Electronics.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Barriers, Canals And Fake Islands: How We Can Save Cities From Rising Sea Levels. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/barriers-canals-and-fake-islands-how-we-can-save-cities-rising-sea-levels/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Staffing, Training, and Funding Issues for FAA’s Major Work Forces. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Jones C. Evolutionary changes in development associated with a transition in larval nutritional mode in spiralians. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Mcmasters K. The Nuclear Neighborhood. New York Times 2006:LI15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSolid State Electronics
AbbreviationSolid State Electron.
ISSN (print)0038-1101
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Materials Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics

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