How to format your references using the Solid State Electronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Solid State Electronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Davis G. Scientists and societies. Planning for a positive postdoc. Nature 2005;434:1162.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Shneiderman B, Preece J. Public health. 911.gov. Science 2007;315:944.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Cacciuto A, Auer S, Frenkel D. Onset of heterogeneous crystal nucleation in colloidal suspensions. Nature 2004;428:404–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Niessing J, Ebisch B, Schmidt KE, Niessing M, Singer W, Galuske RAW. Hemodynamic signals correlate tightly with synchronized gamma oscillations. Science 2005;309:948–51.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Paultre P. Dynamics of Structures. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Larheim TA. Maxillofacial Imaging. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Eversmann P, Ehret P, Louter C, Santarsiero M. Application of Hybrid Glass-Timber Elements in Architecture. In: Block P, Knippers J, Mitra NJ, Wang W, editors. Advances in Architectural Geometry 2014, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 47–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Solid State Electronics.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Leonard Nimoy Has Passed Away At Age 83. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/space/leonard-nimoy-has-passed-away-age-83/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Immature Software Acquisition Processes Increase FAA System Acquisition Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Britt AL. The Long-Term Impact of Preschool Education on Student Achievement. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Hu W. Navigating A City Forest: 280 Miles Of Scaffolding. New York Times 2017:A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSolid State Electronics
AbbreviationSolid State Electron.
ISSN (print)0038-1101
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Materials Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics

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