How to format your references using the Journal of Anthropological Archaeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Anthropological Archaeology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hall, A., 2004. Virology. Src launches vaccinia. Science 306, 65–67.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gulev, S.K., Latif, M., 2015. Ocean science: The origins of a climate oscillation. Nature 521, 428–430.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yuan, X., Xiao, S., Taylor, T.N., 2005. Lichen-like symbiosis 600 million years ago. Science 308, 1017–1020.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ji, S., Wang, F., Zhu, L., Xu, X., Wang, Z., Sun, X., 2013. Non-critical phase-matching fourth harmonic generation of a 1053-nm laser in an ADP crystal. Sci. Rep. 3, 1605.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moskowitz, H.R., Porretta, S., Silcher, M., 2008. Concept Research in Food Product Design and Development. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Mousa, S.A., Davis, P.J. (Eds.), 2013. Angiogenesis Modulations in Health and Disease: Practical Applications of Pro- and Anti-angiogenesis Targets. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Bauböck, R., 2013. Modelling Site-Specific Biomass Potentials, in: Ruppert, H., Kappas, M., Ibendorf, J. (Eds.), Sustainable Bioenergy Production - An Integrated Approach. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 111–139.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Anthropological Archaeology.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Snakebite Anti-Venom Set To Run Out Next Year [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011. Telecommunications: Enhanced Data Collection and Analysis Could Inform FCC’s Efforts to Complete the Digital Transition of Low-Power Television Stations and Reallocate Spectrum (No. GAO-11-790). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Koval, B.C., 2016. Undergraduate Students in Paraprofessional Roles and their Use of Online Social Networks (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2010. A Footnote Explains a Dispute Over Treasury’s Bailout Figures. New York Times B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hall, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Gulev and Latif, 2015; Hall, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gulev and Latif, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Ji et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Anthropological Archaeology
AbbreviationJ. Anthropol. Archaeol.
ISSN (print)0278-4165
Human Factors and Ergonomics

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