How to format your references using the Journal of Anthropological Archaeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Anthropological Archaeology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sarewitz, D., 2010. World view: Politicize me. Nature 467, 26.
A journal article with 2 authors
Trautmann, A., Vivier, E., 2001. Immunology. Agrin--a bridge between the nervous and immune systems. Science 292, 1667–1668.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mohanan, J.L., Arachchige, I.U., Brock, S.L., 2005. Porous semiconductor chalcogenide aerogels. Science 307, 397–400.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cole, B.E., Williams, J.B., King, B.T., Sherwin, M.S., Stanley, C.R., 2001. Coherent manipulation of semiconductor quantum bits with terahertz radiation. Nature 410, 60–63.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leibowitz, M.L., Bova, A., Hammond, P.B., 2010. The Endowment Model of Investing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Capitelli, M., 2016. Fundamental Aspects of Plasma Chemical Physics: Kinetics, 1st ed. 2016. ed, Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Lutz, C., Wolter, F., 2009. Mathematical Logic for Life Science Ontologies, in: Ono, H., Kanazawa, M., Queiroz, R. de (Eds.), Logic, Language, Information and Computation: 16th International Workshop, WoLLIC 2009, Tokyo, Japan, June 21-24, 2009. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 37–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Anthropological Archaeology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. Astronomers Use “Light Echo” To Measure Size Of Star’s Disk [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2001. Metropolitan Area Acquisition (MAA) Implementation Issues (No. GAO-01-958R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luna, A.C., 2009. Analysis of the California Mental Health Services Act (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fink, S., 2016. Even Nightmares Are Classified. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sarewitz, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Sarewitz, 2010; Trautmann and Vivier, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Trautmann and Vivier, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Cole et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Anthropological Archaeology
AbbreviationJ. Anthropol. Archaeol.
ISSN (print)0278-4165
Human Factors and Ergonomics

Other styles