How to format your references using the Journal of Anthropological Archaeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Anthropological Archaeology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tilgner, E., 2002. Mantophasmatodea: a new insect order? Science 297, 731; discussion 731.
A journal article with 2 authors
Allenby, B., Fink, J., 2005. Toward inherently secure and resilient societies. Science 309, 1034–1036.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lu, Z., Klem, A.M., Ramu, Y., 2001. Ion conduction pore is conserved among potassium channels. Nature 413, 809–813.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Spencer, S.L., Gaudet, S., Albeck, J.G., Burke, J.M., Sorger, P.K., 2009. Non-genetic origins of cell-to-cell variability in TRAIL-induced apoptosis. Nature 459, 428–432.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
de Almeida, J.P.M., Maunder, E.A.W., 2017. Equilibrium Finite Element Formulations. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Messina, A.R. (Ed.), 2009. Inter-area Oscillations in Power Systems: A Nonlinear and Nonstationary Perspective, Power Electronics and Power Systems. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Munn, L.L., Kunert, C., Tyrrell, J.A., 2013. Modeling Tumor Blood Vessel Dynamics, in: Ledzewicz, U., Schättler, H., Friedman, A., Kashdan, E. (Eds.), Mathematical Methods and Models in Biomedicine, Lecture Notes on Mathematical Modelling in the Life Sciences. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 117–147.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Anthropological Archaeology.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Mars Scientists Emerge From Eight-Month Isolation Experiment [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011. Next Generation Air Transportation: Collaborative Efforts with European Union Generally Mirror Effective Practices, but Near-Term Challenges Could Delay Implementation (No. GAO-12-48). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dean, D.O., 2012. A discrete-time multiple event process survival mixture (MEPSUM) model for investigating the order and timing of multiple non-repeatable events (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Valen, K., 2007. My Sorority Pledge? I Swore Off Sisterhood. New York Times 96.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tilgner, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Allenby and Fink, 2005; Tilgner, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Allenby and Fink, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Spencer et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Anthropological Archaeology
AbbreviationJ. Anthropol. Archaeol.
ISSN (print)0278-4165
Human Factors and Ergonomics

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