How to format your references using the Journal of Anthropological Archaeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Anthropological Archaeology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sarewitz, D., 2011. The dubious benefits of broader impact. Nature 475, 141.
A journal article with 2 authors
Martin, L.B., Coon, C.A.C., 2010. Immunology. Infection protection and natural selection. Science 330, 602–603.
A journal article with 3 authors
Phillips, B.L., Casey, W.H., Karlsson, M., 2000. Bonding and reactivity at oxide mineral surfaces from model aqueous complexes. Nature 404, 379–382.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kolesnychenko, O.Y., de Kort, R., Katsnelson, M.I., Lichtenstein, A.I., van Kempen, H., 2002. Real-space imaging of an orbital Kondo resonance on the Cr(001) surface. Nature 415, 507–509.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kirchner, T., 2016. Merger Arbitrage. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Drechsler, R., 2009. Test Pattern Generation using Boolean Proof Engines. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Ohnuma*, T., Holland, J.F., 2009. Anorexia and Cachexia, in: Ettinger, D.S. (Ed.), Supportive Care in Cancer Therapy. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 47–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Anthropological Archaeology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013. Voyager 1: Boldly Going Where No Man-Made Object Has Gone Before [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. Survey of Pricing on NASA Contract (No. 912452). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gary, M., 2017. Home Range and Habitat Use of Juvenile Green Turtles in a Shallow Tidal Environment (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M.J., Kang, C., 2017. TV Station Owners Rush to Seize on Looser Rules. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sarewitz, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Martin and Coon, 2010; Sarewitz, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Martin and Coon, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Kolesnychenko et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Anthropological Archaeology
AbbreviationJ. Anthropol. Archaeol.
ISSN (print)0278-4165
Human Factors and Ergonomics

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