How to format your references using the Journal of Anthropological Archaeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Anthropological Archaeology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Liu, M.C., 2004. Substructure in the circumstellar disk around the young star AU Microscopii. Science 305, 1442–1444.
A journal article with 2 authors
Michaels, D., Wagner, W., 2003. Science and government. Disclosure in regulatory science. Science 302, 2073.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shaviv, N.J., Prokoph, A., Veizer, J., 2014. Is the solar system’s galactic motion imprinted in the Phanerozoic climate? Sci. Rep. 4, 6150.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Faraci, G., Pennisi, A.R., Alberti, A., Ruggeri, R., Mannino, G., 2013. Giant photoluminescence emission in crystalline faceted Si grains. Sci. Rep. 3, 2674.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mansour, M., Wilhite, R., Rowe, J., 2017. Guide to Ruminant Anatomy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hafner, W., Zimmermann, H. (Eds.), 2009. Vinzenz Bronzin’s Option Pricing Models: Exposition and Appraisal. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Heiberger, R.M., Neuwirth, E., 2009. Normal and t Workbook, in: Neuwirth, E. (Ed.), R Through Excel: A Spreadsheet Interface for Statistics, Data Analysis, and Graphics. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 81–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Anthropological Archaeology.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. Amazing Video Shows What LA’s Night Skies Would Look Like Without Pollution [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1973. Use of Computers at Naval Laboratories (No. B-115369). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Guedez, A., 2017. Developing Correlations for Velocity Models in Vertical Transverse Isotropic Media: Bakken Case Study (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Longman, J., 2015. A Description as Enigmatic as How to Escape a Slump. New York Times SP5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Liu, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Liu, 2004; Michaels and Wagner, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Michaels and Wagner, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Faraci et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Anthropological Archaeology
AbbreviationJ. Anthropol. Archaeol.
ISSN (print)0278-4165
Human Factors and Ergonomics

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