How to format your references using the Materials Research Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Materials Research Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Smaglik, Moving targets, Nature. 423 (2003) 1021.
A journal article with 2 authors
N.O. Hodas, K. Lerman, The simple rules of social contagion, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4343.
A journal article with 3 authors
C. Kim, A. Facchetti, T.J. Marks, Polymer gate dielectric surface viscoelasticity modulates pentacene transistor performance, Science. 318 (2007) 76–80.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Z. Guo, Z.-G. Liu, X.-Z. Yao, K.-S. Zhang, X. Chen, J.-H. Liu, X.-J. Huang, A molecular-gap device for specific determination of mercury ions, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3115.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Iosifescu, N. Limnios, G. Oprişan, Introduction to Stochastic Models, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
R. Benedikter, K. Siepmann, eds., Chile in Transition: Prospects and Challenges for Latin America’s Forerunner of Development, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
K. Sen, DART: Directed Automated Random Testing, in: K. Namjoshi, A. Zeller, A. Ziv (Eds.), Hardware and Software: Verification and Testing: 5th International Haifa Verification Conference, HVC 2009, Haifa, Israel, October 19-22, 2009, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011: pp. 4–4.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Materials Research Bulletin.

Blog post
T. Hale, Egyptian Mummy Of Member Of The Wealthy Elite Discovered In A Tomb Near River Nile, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Cost Factors in CARE Act Formulas, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. Griffith, The Curious Case of Implementation: Enactment of the California Community College Student Equity Initiative, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, U.S. and Algeria: Two Outsiders, but No Room for Both, New York Times. (2010) B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMaterials Research Bulletin
AbbreviationMater. Res. Bull.
ISSN (print)0025-5408
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles