How to format your references using the Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Distel JR. Obituary: Raymond Davis Jr (1914-2006). Nature 2006;442:150.
A journal article with 2 authors
Baker AW, Forest KT. Structural biology: Action at a distance in a light receptor. Nature 2014;509:174–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gonçalves B, Balcan D, Vespignani A. Human mobility and the worldwide impact of intentional localized highly pathogenic virus release. Sci Rep 2013;3:810.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tu C-Y, Zhou C, Marsch E, et al. Solar wind origin in coronal funnels. Science 2005;308:519–23.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saguet P. Numerical Analysis in Electromagnetics. Hoboken, NJ USA: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2013.
An edited book
Fairman D. Negotiating Public Health in a Globalized World: Global Health Diplomacy in Action. Dordrecht: : Springer Netherlands 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Daughenbaugh LR, Shaw EL. Judith Butler. In: Kirylo JD, ed. A Critical Pedagogy of Resistance: 34 Pedagogues We Need to Know. Rotterdam: : SensePublishers 2013. 17–20.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin.

Blog post
Andrew E. Elon Musk And Stephen Hawking Sign Open Letter In Hopes Of Preventing Robot Uprising. IFLScience. 2015. (accessed 30 Oct 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Computerized Hospital Medical Information Systems Need Further Evaluation To Ensure Benefits From Huge Investments. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pan C-M. Synthesis and Evaluation of Macrocycles as Potential Antitumor Agents. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ember S, Grynbaum MM. Media’s Role in, and After, a Leaker’s Admission. New York Times. 2017;:A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDrug and Therapeutics Bulletin
AbbreviationDrug Ther. Bull.
ISSN (print)0012-6543
ISSN (online)1755-5248
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pharmacology (medical)

Other styles