How to format your references using the Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Helgen KM. Evolution. The mammal family tree. Science 2011;334:458–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Alle H, Geiger JRP. Combined analog and action potential coding in hippocampal mossy fibers. Science 2006;311:1290–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaina N, Fink M, Lerosey G. Composite media mixing Bragg and local resonances for highly attenuating and broad bandgaps. Sci Rep 2013;3:3240.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rossato JI, Bevilaqua LRM, Izquierdo I, et al. Dopamine controls persistence of long-term memory storage. Science 2009;325:1017–20.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kudnig ST, Séguin B. Veterinary Surgical Oncology. West Sussex, UK: : John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,. 2012.
An edited book
Burleson W, Carrara S, editors. Security and Privacy for Implantable Medical Devices. New York, NY: : Springer 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Barkalov A, Titarenko L. Synthesis of compositional microprogram control units with object transformation. In: Barkalov A, Titarenko L, eds. Logic Synthesis for Compositional Microprogram Control Units. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2008. 137–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin.

Blog post
Fang J. Toxin Resistance Suggests That Evolution Can Be Predictable. IFLScience. 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. School Lunch Program: Evaluation of Alternatives to Commodity Donations. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramos J. Surviving Childhood Bullying: Impact on Psychosocial Well-Being in Adulthood. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis J. Playing by Rules After Breaking Them for Years. New York Times. 2017;:A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDrug and Therapeutics Bulletin
AbbreviationDrug Ther. Bull.
ISSN (print)0012-6543
ISSN (online)1755-5248
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pharmacology (medical)

Other styles