How to format your references using the Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Dennis C. Bushfires annihilate Australian observatory. Nature. 2003;421:302.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Xu X, Norell MA. A new troodontid dinosaur from China with avian-like sleeping posture. Nature. 2004;431:838–41.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Gwynne DT, Judge KA, Kelly CD. Evidence for male allocation in pipefish? Nature. 2010;466:E11; discussion E12.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Bryant HE, Schultz N, Thomas HD, Parker KM, Flower D, Lopez E, et al. Specific killing of BRCA2-deficient tumours with inhibitors of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase. Nature. 2005;434:913–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Wong BP, Mittal A, Cao Y, Starr G. Nano-CMOS Circuit and Physical Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Sommer WH, Spanagel R, editors. Behavioral Neurobiology of Alcohol Addiction. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Fokoue A, Srivatsa M, Young R. Trust-Based Probabilistic Query Answering. In: Bouguettaya A, Hauswirth M, Liu L, editors. Web Information System Engineering – WISE 2011: 12th International Conference, Sydney, Australia, October 13-14, 2011 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 57–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Nepal Is At Risk From Another Big Earthquake [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/nepal-risk-another-big-earthquake/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Highway Safety: Improved Monitoring and Oversight of Traffic Safety Data Program Are Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 Nov. Report No.: GAO-05-24.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Schiffbauer LW. The pursuit of self-esteem: A help or a hindrance in thriving in the workplace? [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Crow K. Mystery of the Missing Tenants. New York Times. 2002 Jun 16;146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
AbbreviationJ. Anim. Sci. Biotechnol.
ISSN (online)2049-1891
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Food Science
Biochemistry
Biotechnology

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