How to format your references using the Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Leggett T. Physics. Superfluidity in a crystal? Science. 2004;305:1921–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Alonso D, Pascual M. Comment on “A keystone mutualism drives pattern in a power function.” Science. 2006;313:1739; author reply 1739.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Gravina B, Mellars P, Ramsey CB. Radiocarbon dating of interstratified Neanderthal and early modern human occupations at the Chatelperronian type-site. Nature. 2005;438:51–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zhao J, Qian Y, Bi H-Y, Coltheart M. The visual magnocellular-dorsal dysfunction in Chinese children with developmental dyslexia impedes Chinese character recognition. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7068.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Brown SR, Gregory WM, Twelves C, Brown J. A Practical Guide to Designing Phase II Trials in Oncology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Wang D. Model-based Health Monitoring of Hybrid Systems. Yu M, Low CB, Arogeti S, editors. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Huggenberger P, Epting J, Affolter A, Dresmann H, Kirchhofer R, Meier E, et al. Methods. In: Huggenberger P, Epting J, editors. Urban Geology: Process-Oriented Concepts for Adaptive and Integrated Resource Management. Basel: Springer; 2011. p. 53–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology.

Blog post
1. Davis J. One-Third Of The Great Barrier Reef Coral Dead, As Australia Censors A UN Climate Report [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. International Aviation: DOT Needs More Information to Address U.S. Airlines’ Problems in Doing Business Abroad. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Nov. Report No.: RCED-95-24.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Clovis DJ. The thayer valve and its effect on a generation and beyond [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Steel E, de la MERCED MJ. Discovery Closes In on Acquiring Scripps Networks as Viacom Exits Competition. New York Times. 2017 Jul 27;B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
AbbreviationJ. Anim. Sci. Biotechnol.
ISSN (online)2049-1891
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Food Science

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