How to format your references using the Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Wine JJ. Medicine. Letting go of mucus. Science. 2014;345:730–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Khakh BS, North RA. P2X receptors as cell-surface ATP sensors in health and disease. Nature. 2006;442:527–32.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Debruyne R, Schwarz C, Poinar H. Comment on “Whole-genome shotgun sequencing of mitochondria from ancient hair shafts.” Science. 2008;322:857; author reply 857.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Dahl CD, Rasch MJ, Tomonaga M, Adachi I. Developmental processes in face perception. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1044.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Smith JDH, Romanowska AB. Post-Modern Algebra. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1999.
An edited book
1. Tomar V. Multiscale Characterization of Biological Systems: Spectroscopy and Modeling. Qu T, Dubey DK, Verma D, Zhang Y, editors. New York, NY: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Panebianco G. The Nulla Poena Sine Culpa Principle in European Courts Case Law. In: Ruggeri S, editor. Human Rights in European Criminal Law: New Developments in European Legislation and Case Law after the Lisbon Treaty. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 47–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Ancient Virus Revived From 700-Year-Old Caribou Feces. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: OMB Leadership Critical to Making Needed Enterprise Architecture and E-government Progress. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002 Mar. Report No.: GAO-02-389T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Frederick K. Wool and Water [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Schilling MK. Mother of Invention. New York Times. 2017 Apr 10;M2114.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
AbbreviationJ. Anim. Sci. Biotechnol.
ISSN (online)2049-1891
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Food Science

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