How to format your references using the Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Smaglik P. Making the match. Nature. 2004;431:1125.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Schneggenburger R, Neher E. Intracellular calcium dependence of transmitter release rates at a fast central synapse. Nature. 2000;406:889–93.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Colombo MG, Franzoni C, Rossi-Lamastra C. ENTREPRENEURSHIP. Cash from the crowd. Science. 2015;348:1201–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Yu I-M, Zhang W, Holdaway HA, Li L, Kostyuchenko VA, Chipman PR, et al. Structure of the immature dengue virus at low pH primes proteolytic maturation. Science. 2008;319:1834–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Malamed C. Visual Design Solutions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1. Marani E. The Pelvis: Structure, Gender and Society. Koch WFRM, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Ahmad A, Md Radzi AA, Adnan MA. The Effect of Enhanced Sensorymotor Feedback on Balance Among Football Players. In: Ismail SI, Sulaiman N, Adnan R, editors. Proceedings of the 2nd International Colloquium on Sports Science, Exercise, Engineering and Technology 2015 (ICoSSEET 2015). Singapore: Springer; 2016. p. 43–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Climate Change And Hurricane Katrina: What Have We Learned? IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. The Role of Field Operations in the Federal Communications Commission’s Regulatory Structure. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978 Aug. Report No.: CED-78-151.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Swartz H. The Multitude Speaks in Style: An Analysis of Vernacular Agency through Images of Ruth Bader Ginsburg [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Gustines GG. Marvel Pays Homage to Hip-Hop. New York Times. 2015 Nov 30;B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
AbbreviationJ. Anim. Sci. Biotechnol.
ISSN (online)2049-1891
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Food Science
Biochemistry
Biotechnology

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