How to format your references using the Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Ittekkot V. Geochemistry. A new story from the Ol’ Man River. Science. 2003;301:56–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Ödman-Govender CJ, Kelleghan D. SPORE series winner. Astronomical perspectives for young children. Science. 2011;333:1106–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Buehler MJ, Abraham FF, Gao H. Hyperelasticity governs dynamic fracture at a critical length scale. Nature. 2003;426:141–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Dorner M, Horwitz JA, Robbins JB, Barry WT, Feng Q, Mu K, et al. A genetically humanized mouse model for hepatitis C virus infection. Nature. 2011;474:208–11.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Narang RK. Inside the Black Box. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Cleophas TJ. Statistics Applied to Clinical Studies. 5th ed. 2012. Zwinderman AH, editor. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Huang M, Xia B, Zou Y, Jiang P, Feng Y, Cheng Z, et al. No-Till Direct Seeding for Energy-Saving Rice Production in China. In: Lichtfouse E, editor. Farming for Food and Water Security. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. p. 111–26.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Male Spiders Perform Oral Sex On Females [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/male-spiders-perform-oral-sex-females/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles: Medium Range System Components Do Not Fit. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Mar. Report No.: NSIAD-91-2.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Brown JT. Evaluation of a social science simulation by uncertainty analysis and comparison [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Sisario B. Sprint Throws a Cash Lifeline to Struggling Tidal. New York Times. 2017 Jan 23;B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
AbbreviationJ. Anim. Sci. Biotechnol.
ISSN (online)2049-1891
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Food Science
Biochemistry
Biotechnology

Other styles