# How to format your references using the Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

## Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

## Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Rarity JG. Physics. Getting entangled in free space. Science. 2003;301:604–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Knaden M, Wehner R. Path integration in desert ants controls aggressiveness. Science. 2004;305:60.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Simpson AGB, MacQuarrie EK, Roger AJ. Eukaryotic evolution: early origin of canonical introns. Nature. 2002;419:270.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Schaak RE, Klimczuk T, Foo ML, Cava RJ. Superconductivity phase diagram of Na(x)CoO2*1.3H2O. Nature. 2003;424:527–9.

## Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Berto F. There’s Something about Gödel. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2009.
An edited book
1. Jakeman AJ, Barreteau O, Hunt RJ, Rinaudo J-D, Ross A, editors. Integrated Groundwater Management: Concepts, Approaches and Challenges. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Wang G, Zhang Q, Yan X. $$H_\infty$$ Control. In: Zhang Q, Yan X, editors. Analysis and Design of Singular Markovian Jump Systems. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 111–59.

## Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Teen Citizen Scientists are Giving us Inside Knowledge to Fight Disease [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/teen-citizen-scientists-are-giving-us-inside-knowledge-fight-disease/

## Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Federal Lands: Information on the Use and Impact of Off-Highway Vehicles. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 Aug. Report No.: RCED-95-209.

## Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Garcia M. College preparedness program for high school students in South Los Angeles, California: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

## News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kepner T. A 105-M.P.H. Fastball? Nice. What Else You Got? New York Times. 2016 Oct 29;A1.

## In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].