How to format your references using the Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Connor JTH. Beyond the ivory tower. The Victorian revolution in surgery. Science. 2004;304:54–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Moura AC de A, Lee PC. Capuchin stone tool use in Caatinga dry forest. Science. 2004;306:1909.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Davies JP, Chen FW, Ioannou YA. Transmembrane molecular pump activity of Niemann-Pick C1 protein. Science. 2000;290:2295–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Graps AL, Grun E, Svedhem H, Kruger H, Horanyl M, Heck A, et al. Io as a source of the jovian dust streams. Nature. 2000;405:48–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Sawant RJ. Infrastructure Investing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Qiang W, Zheng X, Hsu C-H, editors. Cloud Computing and Big Data: Second International Conference, CloudCom-Asia 2015, Huangshan, China, June 17-19, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Naude W. Forced Migration from Sub-Saharan Africa: The Conflict–Environment Link. In: Afifi T, Jäger J, editors. Environment, Forced Migration and Social Vulnerability. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 43–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Loss of Y Chromosome Increases Risk for Cancer and Early Death [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/loss-y-chromosome-increases-risk-cancer-and-early-death/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. GAO Reports Concerning Federal Student Financial Aid Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982 Feb. Report No.: 117445.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Fearrington ND. The relationship between fathers’ pre -natal involvement with the mother and post -natal involvement with the child(ren) [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Justices Block New Hearing for Mexican. New York Times. 2008 Mar 26;A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
AbbreviationJ. Anim. Sci. Biotechnol.
ISSN (online)2049-1891
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Food Science
Biochemistry
Biotechnology

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