How to format your references using the Frontiers in Genomic Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Genomic Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaiser, D. (2011). The search for clean cash. Nature 472, 30–31.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liebman, S. W., and Haber, J. E. (2013). Retrospective. Fred Sherman (1932-2013). Science 342, 1059.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pier, H., Kapon, E., and Moser, M. (2000). Strain effects and phase transitions in photonic resonator crystals. Nature 407, 880–883.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Passafaro, M., Nakagawa, T., Sala, C., and Sheng, M. (2003). Induction of dendritic spines by an extracellular domain of AMPA receptor subunit GluR2. Nature 424, 677–681.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Irene, E. A. (2005). Electronic Materials Science. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Su, B., and Thomson, E. eds. (2016). China’s Energy Efficiency and Conservation: Household Behaviour, Legislation, Regional Analysis and Impacts. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Song, C., and Chen, Y. (2012). “A Special Wohlhart’s Double-Goldberg 6R Linkage and Its Multiple Operation Forms Among 4R and 6R Linkages,” in Advances in Reconfigurable Mechanisms and Robots I, eds. J. S. Dai, M. Zoppi, and X. Kong (London: Springer), 45–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Genomic Endocrinology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015). How Much Would It Cost To Be Batman? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009). Aviation Security: A National Strategy and Other Actions Would Strengthen TSA’s Efforts to Secure Commercial Airport Perimeters and Access Controls. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davis, K. (2010). Manifesting archetypal energy through music.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Southall, A. (2016). Suspect Pleads Not Guilty in Subway Death. New York Times, A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kaiser, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Kaiser, 2011; Liebman and Haber, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liebman and Haber, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Passafaro et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Genomic Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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