How to format your references using the Frontiers in Genomic Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Genomic Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Witten, E. (2012). Quantum mechanics of black holes. Science 337, 538–540.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wen, L., and Tang, F. (2015). Computational biology: How to catch rare cell types. Nature 525, 197–198.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nishida, N., Katamine, S., and Manuelidis, L. (2005). Reciprocal interference between specific CJD and scrapie agents in neural cell cultures. Science 310, 493–496.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Roy Chowdhury, R., Vallania, F., Yang, Q., Lopez Angel, C. J., Darboe, F., Penn-Nicholson, A., et al. (2018). A multi-cohort study of the immune factors associated with M. tuberculosis infection outcomes. Nature 560, 644–648.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moloney, M. G. (2015). How to Solve Organic Reaction Mechanisms. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Stanger, O. ed. (2012). Water Soluble Vitamins: Clinical Research and Future Application. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Merz, H., Hansemann, T., and Hübner, C. (2009). “Building Automation with LonWorks®,” in Building Automation: Communication systems with EIB/KNX, LON und BACnet Signals and Communication Technology., eds. T. Hansemann and C. Hübner (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 135–184.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Genomic Endocrinology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). Sloth Evolution Not So Slothful After All. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016). Federal Autism Activities: Agencies Are Encouraging Early Identification and Providing Services, and Recent Actions Could Improve Coordination. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Joshi, R. A. (2010). Adaptive nulling in multiple beam antennas using quantized state adaptive algorithms.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bernstein, N. (2016). 22 Unclaimed Bodies Endured a Grim Detour Before Burial. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Witten, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Witten, 2012; Wen and Tang, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wen and Tang, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Roy Chowdhury et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Genomic Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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