How to format your references using the Frontiers in Genomic Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Genomic Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Q. (2008). Sea of dreams. Nature 456, 540–541.
A journal article with 2 authors
Olson, P., and Hanahan, D. (2009). Cancer. Breaching the cancer fortress. Science 324, 1400–1401.
A journal article with 3 authors
Regenauer-Lieb, K., Yuen, D. A., and Branlund, J. (2001). The initiation of subduction: criticality by addition of water? Science 294, 578–580.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Xu, W., Kim, T.-H., Zhai, D., Er, J. C., Zhang, L., Kale, A. A., et al. (2013). Make caffeine visible: a fluorescent caffeine “traffic light” detector. Sci. Rep. 3, 2255.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dacey, J. S., Mack, M. D., and Fiore, L. B. (2016). Your Anxious Child. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bungenberg, M., Herrmann, C., Krajewski, M., and Terhechte, J. P. eds. (2016). European Yearbook of International Economic Law 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Poggi, I., and Vincze, L. (2009). “Gesture, Gaze and Persuasive Strategies in Political Discourse,” in Multimodal Corpora: From Models of Natural Interaction to Systems and Applications Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. M. Kipp, J.-C. Martin, P. Paggio, and D. Heylen (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 73–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Genomic Endocrinology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013). Thinking Outside the Lab: The Ascent of Citizen Science. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997). Aviation Safety: FAA Has Begun Efforts to Make Data More Publicly Available. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pulice, S. W. (2013). The colonized child: Love, community, and wholeness as necessary elements of education.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2006). At a Russian Hospital, Art Inspires Children. New York Times, B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Schiermeier, 2008; Olson and Hanahan, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Olson and Hanahan, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Xu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Genomic Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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