How to format your references using the Frontiers in Genomic Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Genomic Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ruddick, B. (2003). Oceans. Sounding out ocean fine structure. Science 301, 772–773.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mohnen, D., and Tierney, M. L. (2011). Plant science. Plants get Hyp to O-glycosylation. Science 332, 1393–1394.
A journal article with 3 authors
Feurer, T., Vaughan, J. C., and Nelson, K. A. (2003). Spatiotemporal coherent control of lattice vibrational waves. Science 299, 374–377.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Brown, M. G., Dokun, A. O., Heusel, J. W., Smith, H. R., Beckman, D. L., Blattenberger, E. A., et al. (2001). Vital involvement of a natural killer cell activation receptor in resistance to viral infection. Science 292, 934–937.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wind, Y. J., and Hays, C. F. (2015). Beyond Advertising. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Luo, A. C. J., and Afraimovich, V. eds. (2010). Hamiltonian Chaos Beyond the KAM Theory: Dedicated to George M. Zaslavsky (1935–2008). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Carter, P. (2016). “Ghosting: Putting the Volume into Screen Memory,” in Contemporary Publics: Shifting Boundaries in New Media, Technology and Culture, eds. P. D. Marshall, G. D’Cruz, S. McDonald, and K. Lee (London: Palgrave Macmillan UK), 61–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Genomic Endocrinology.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016). This Could Be The Last Chance To Save The World’s Smallest Porpoise From Extinction. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1974). Procurement Equipment for New York Postal Data Center. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bergemann, E. (2009). Exploring psychotherapist empathic attunement from a psychoneurobiological perspective: Is empathy enhanced by yoga and meditation?

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M. (2017). Pearl Theater to Close. New York Times, C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ruddick, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Mohnen and Tierney, 2011; Ruddick, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mohnen and Tierney, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Brown et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Genomic Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

Other styles