How to format your references using the Frontiers in Genomic Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Genomic Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grayson, M. (2015). Cannabis. Nature 525, S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Merritt, D., and Ekers, R. D. (2002). Tracing black hole mergers through radio lobe morphology. Science 297, 1310–1313.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Y.-C., Song, S.-W., and Liu, W.-M. (2014). The confinement induced resonance in spin-orbit coupled cold atoms with Raman coupling. Sci. Rep. 4, 4992.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chen, M., Ma, E., Hemker, K. J., Sheng, H., Wang, Y., and Cheng, X. (2003). Deformation twinning in nanocrystalline aluminum. Science 300, 1275–1277.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Matthews, G. A. (2015). Pesticides. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Choudhury, S. M. A. A. (2008). Diagnosis of Process Nonlinearities and Valve Stiction: Data Driven Approaches. , eds. S. L. Shah and N. F. Thornhill Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kolobov, A. V., and Tominaga, J. (2012). “Reversible Photostructural Changes,” in Chalcogenides: Metastability and Phase Change Phenomena Springer Series in Materials Science., ed. J. Tominaga (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 67–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Genomic Endocrinology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015). Fully Implantable Artificial Pancreas Delivers Insulin as Needed. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973). Propriety of the City Edges Grant Awarded to the Suburban Action Institute. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mayner, S. W. (2017). Transformational leadership and organizational change during agile and devops initiatives.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt, M. S., and Haberman, M. (2017). Sessions, Shamed by President Over Inquiry, Was Set to Resign. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grayson, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Merritt and Ekers, 2002; Grayson, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Merritt and Ekers, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Genomic Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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