How to format your references using the Journal of Anesthesia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Anesthesia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Telford MJ. Evolution. The animal tree of life. Science. 2013;339:764–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Austin AT, Vivanco L. Plant litter decomposition in a semi-arid ecosystem controlled by photodegradation. Nature. 2006;442:555–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Bockrath C, Ballhaus C, Holzheid A. Fractionation of the platinum-group elements during mantle melting. Science. 2004;305:1951–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Béjà O, Spudich EN, Spudich JL, Leclerc M, DeLong EF. Proteorhodopsin phototrophy in the ocean. Nature. 2001;411:786–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Beg D, Kuhlmann U, Davaine L, Braun B. Design of Plated Structures. Berlin, Germany: Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG; 2012.
An edited book
1. Salgueiro CA. Multiheme Cytochromes. Dantas JM, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Günther E, Kaulich S. Measuring Environmental Performance with EPM-KOMPAS Software Tool — Material Flow Analyses, Environmental Assessment and Success Control. In: Wagner B, Enzler S, editors. Material Flow Management: Improving Cost Efficiency and Environmental Performance. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD; 2006. p. 57–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Anesthesia.

Blog post
1. Evans K. 9 At-Home Remedies That Actually Work [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/9-at-home-remedies-that-actually-work/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Head Start: Challenges Faced in Demonstrating Program Results and Responding to Societal Changes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 Jun. Report No.: T-HEHS-98-183.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Lyzlov A. In Vivo Efficacy of Lanthanum Carbonate on Intestinal Phosphorus Absorption in Stage Five Chronic Kidney Disease Patients Undergoing Peritoneal Dialysis [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Sisario B. New App Will Offer Liner Notes for the Digital Era. New York Times. 2017 Sep 29;B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Anesthesia
AbbreviationJ. Anesth.
ISSN (print)0913-8668
ISSN (online)1438-8359
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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