How to format your references using the Journal of Anesthesia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Anesthesia (J Anesth). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Velasquez-Manoff M. Genetics: Relative risk. Nature. 2015;527:S116-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Chemla DS, Shah J. Many-body and correlation effects in semiconductors. Nature. 2001;411:549–57.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Carr S, Heard DE, Blitz MA. Comment on “Atmospheric hydroxyl radical production from electronically excited NO2 and H2O.” Science. 2009;324:336; author reply 336.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wen J-D, Lancaster L, Hodges C, Zeri A-C, Yoshimura SH, Noller HF, et al. Following translation by single ribosomes one codon at a time. Nature. 2008;452:598–603.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bâzu M, Băjenescu T. Failure Analysis. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
1. Yassine H, editor. Lipid Management: From Basics to Clinic. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Butts J, Rice M, Shenoi S. Modeling Control System Failures and Attacks – The Waterloo Campaign to Oil Pipelines. In: Moore T, Shenoi S, editors. Critical Infrastructure Protection IV: Fourth Annual IFIP WG 1110 International Conference on Critical Infrastructure Protection, ICCIP 2010, Washington, DC, USA, March 15-17, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 43–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Anesthesia.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. 9 Science-Backed Studying Tips [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/how-study-smarter/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. English Language Learning: Diverse Federal and State Efforts to Support Adult English Language Learning Could Benefit from More Coordination. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 Jul. Report No.: GAO-09-575.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Tian CY. Studies of equilibrium conditions in housing markets [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. Bruce Limps Off, and the Mets Crumble. New York Times. 2016 Aug 25;B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Anesthesia
AbbreviationJ. Anesth.
ISSN (print)0913-8668
ISSN (online)1438-8359
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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