How to format your references using the Journal of Anesthesia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Anesthesia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Hardie DG. Transcription. Targeting the core of transcription. Science. 2010;329:1158–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Ruths J, Ruths D. Network models. Response to Comment on “Control profiles of complex networks.” Science. 2014;346:561.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Dahl CD, Chen C-C, Rasch MJ. Own-race and own-species advantages in face perception: a computational view. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6654.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Li M, Chen D, Shiloh A, Luo J, Nikolaev AY, Qin J, et al. Deubiquitination of p53 by HAUSP is an important pathway for p53 stabilization. Nature. 2002;416:648–53.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Gordon J. Training Camp. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1. Kabashima K, editor. Immunology of the Skin: Basic and Clinical Sciences in Skin Immune Responses. 1st ed. 2016. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Tian W-C, Finehout E. Genetic Analysis in Miniaturized Electrophoresis Systems. In: Finehout E, Tian W-C, editors. Microfluidics for Biological Applications. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2009. p. 117–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Anesthesia.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Meet Gnathostoma: The Worm Who Infects Swamp Eels… And Humans [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:…-and-humans/


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Administrative Systems: NASA Should Reassess Its AIM Program and Rescind Its IBM-Compatible Policy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 May. Report No.: IMTEC-90-41.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Huff JA. Interactions of glyphosate and dicamba in controlling key weed species [Doctoral dissertation]. [Mississippi State, MS]: Mississippi State University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Waldstein D. Cleveland’s Renaissance Reaches the World Series. New York Times. 2016 Oct 19;B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Anesthesia
AbbreviationJ. Anesth.
ISSN (print)0913-8668
ISSN (online)1438-8359
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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