How to format your references using the Journal of Anesthesia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Anesthesia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Raymond J. Sexist attitudes: Most of us are biased. Nature. 2013;495:33–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Buzsáki G, Draguhn A. Neuronal oscillations in cortical networks. Science. 2004;304:1926–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Sawai S, Thomason PA, Cox EC. An autoregulatory circuit for long-range self-organization in Dictyostelium cell populations. Nature. 2005;433:323–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Snieder R, Grêt A, Douma H, Scales J. Coda wave interferometry for estimating nonlinear behavior in seismic velocity. Science. 2002;295:2253–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Tatham M, Morton K. Developments in Speech Synthesis. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1. Sheiner E, editor. Bleeding During Pregnancy: A Comprehensive Guide. New York, NY: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Gargaud M, Martin H, López-García P, Montmerle T, Pascal R. Intermezzo: The Gestation of Life and its First Steps. In: Martin H, López-García P, Montmerle T, Pascal R, editors. Young Sun, Early Earth and the Origins of Life: Lessons for Astrobiology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 93–154.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Anesthesia.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Do Tech Accelerators Have A Sexism Problem? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/do-tech-accelerators-have-sexism-problem/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Tax System Modernization: Status of On-Line Files Initiative and Telecommunications Planning. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Aug. Report No.: IMTEC-91-41FS.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Harris DW. An examination of the impact of computer-based animations and visualization sequence on student understanding of Hadley Cells in atmospheric circulation [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Murphy MJO. Beyond the Whimsy, Sushi With Ambition. New York Times. 2013 Apr 7;LI7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Anesthesia
AbbreviationJ. Anesth.
ISSN (print)0913-8668
ISSN (online)1438-8359
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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