How to format your references using the Journal of Anesthesia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Anesthesia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Stehfest E. Diet: Food choices for health and planet. Nature. 2014;515:501–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Flanagan JR, Johansson RS. Action plans used in action observation. Nature. 2003;424:769–71.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Totan Y, Güler E, Dervişoğulları MS. Brilliant Blue G assisted epiretinal membrane surgery. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3956.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wang Z, Liu Y, Wang L, Zhang Y, Wang Z. Freezing period strongly impacts the emergence of a global consensus in the voter model. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3597.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Krichen S, Chaouachi J. Graph-Related Optimization and Decision Support Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1. Baranauskas C, Palanque P, Abascal J, Barbosa SDJ, editors. Human-Computer Interaction – INTERACT 2007: 11th IFIP TC 13 International Conference, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, September 10-14, 2007, Proceedings, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Juyumaya J, Lambropoulou S. An Adelic Extension of the Jones Polynomial. In: Banagl M, Vogel D, editors. The Mathematics of Knots: Theory and Application. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 125–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Anesthesia.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. NASA To Receive Significantly More Money Than It Asked For Next Year [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/nasa-receive-significantly-more-money-it-asked-next-year/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Pipeline Safety: Preliminary Information on the Office of Pipeline Safety’s Efforts to Strengthen Its Enforcement Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 Jun. Report No.: GAO-04-875T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Jackson MA. An action research study of collaborative relationhips between psychotherapists and medical doctors [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Sisario B. Raynoma Singleton, Early Motown Force, Dies at 79. New York Times. 2016 Dec 4;A30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Anesthesia
AbbreviationJ. Anesth.
ISSN (print)0913-8668
ISSN (online)1438-8359
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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