How to format your references using the Journal of Anesthesia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Anesthesia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Baughman RH. Auxetic materials: avoiding the shrink. Nature. 2003;425:667.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Insel TR, Cuthbert BN. Medicine. Brain disorders? Precisely. Science. 2015;348:499–500.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Kennedy S, Wang D, Ruvkun G. A conserved siRNA-degrading RNase negatively regulates RNA interference in C. elegans. Nature. 2004;427:645–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Bessell PR, Searle KR, Auty HK, Handel IG, Purse BV, Bronsvoort BMD. Epidemic potential of an emerging vector borne disease in a marginal environment: Schmallenberg in Scotland. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1178.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Niles JD. Old English Literature. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1. Hage J, Akkermans B, editors. Introduction to Law. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kerres J. Applications of Acid–Base Blend Concepts to Intermediate Temperature Membranes. In: Li Q, Aili D, Hjuler HA, Jensen JO, editors. High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells: Approaches, Status, and Perspectives. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 59–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Anesthesia.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Stroke Patients Recovering After Receiving Stem Cell Therapy [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/stroke-patients-recovering-after-receiving-stem-cell-therapy/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: FAA Has Not Fully Assessed Its User Request Evaluation Tool. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 Feb. Report No.: AIMD/RCED-98-59R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Bobadilla J. Helping at-risk youth through a preventative program [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. In Latest Term, Majority Grows To More Than 5 of the Justices. New York Times. 2008 May 23;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Anesthesia
AbbreviationJ. Anesth.
ISSN (print)0913-8668
ISSN (online)1438-8359
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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