How to format your references using the Oncogenesis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oncogenesis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
LaDue ND. Help to fight the battle for Earth in US schools. Nature 2015; 519: 131.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pulendran B, Artis D. New paradigms in type 2 immunity. Science 2012; 337: 431–435.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ice GE, Budai JD, Pang JWL. The race to x-ray microbeam and nanobeam science. Science 2011; 334: 1234–1239.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Levitsky KL, Toledo-Aral JJ, López-Barneo J, Villadiego J. Direct confocal acquisition of fluorescence from X-gal staining on thick tissue sections. Sci Rep 2013; 3: 2937.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bernheim MLC. Ciba Foundation Symposium 39 - Monoamine Oxidase and its Inhibition: Ciba/Monoamine. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.: Chichester, UK, 2008.
An edited book
Ho Y-S (ed.). Advances in Image and Video Technology: 5th Pacific Rim Symposium, PSIVT 2011, Gwangju, South Korea, November 20-23, 2011, Proceedings, Part I. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Hines M. Gonadal Hormone Influences on Human Neurobehavioral Development: Outcomes and Mechanisms. In: Pfaff DW, Christen Y (eds). Multiple Origins of Sex Differences in Brain: Neuroendocrine Functions and their Pathologies. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013, pp 59–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oncogenesis.

Blog post
Andrew E. Fossilized Feces Gives Clues To Ancient Microbes. IFLScience. 2014. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Cybersecurity: Key Challenges Need to Be Addressed to Improve Research and Development. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Do YK. Effects of informal care on caregivers’ labor market outcomes and health in South Korea. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Mets’ Young Starters Come at Bargain Price in 2017. New York Times. 2016; : D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleOncogenesis
ISSN (online)2157-9024
ScopeCancer Research
Molecular Biology

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