How to format your references using the IEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. A. Angell, “Insights into phases of liquid water from study of its unusual glass-forming properties,” Science, vol. 319, no. 5863, pp. 582–587, Feb. 2008.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Merritt and A. Clauset, “Environmental structure and competitive scoring advantages in team competitions,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 3067, Oct. 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
N. W. Feinstein, S. Allen, and E. Jenkins, “Outside the pipeline: reimagining science education for nonscientists,” Science, vol. 340, no. 6130, pp. 314–317, Apr. 2013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P. Huertas, F. Cortés-Ledesma, A. A. Sartori, A. Aguilera, and S. P. Jackson, “CDK targets Sae2 to control DNA-end resection and homologous recombination,” Nature, vol. 455, no. 7213, pp. 689–692, Oct. 2008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. P. Venkateshan, Mechanical Measurements. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015.
An edited book
J. M. Kunkel, T. Ludwig, and H. W. Meuer, Eds., Supercomputing: 29th International Conference, ISC 2014, Leipzig, Germany, June 22-26, 2014. Proceedings, vol. 8488. in Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 8488. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
D. Rouan, “Ablation,” in Encyclopedia of Astrobiology, M. Gargaud, W. M. Irvine, R. Amils, H. J. (jim) Cleaves, D. L. Pinti, J. C. Quintanilla, D. Rouan, T. Spohn, S. Tirard, and M. Viso, Eds., Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2015, pp. 28–28.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, “Atmospheric Winds Could Help Us Study The Magnetic Field Of Exoplanets,” IFLScience, May 16, 2017. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Federal Agencies Could Save Time and Money With Better Computer Software Alternatives,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, AFMD-83-29, May 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. R. Wallace, “A Comparative Analysis of a Conventional Versus a Computer-assisted Technique for Identification of Mechanical Power Press Hazards,” Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
R. W. Kelly, “Quotation of the Day,” New York Times, p. A2, May 25, 2012.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Ind. Electron. Mag.
ISSN (print)1932-4529
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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