How to format your references using the IEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. W. Boughman, “Divergent sexual selection enhances reproductive isolation in sticklebacks,” Nature, vol. 411, no. 6840, pp. 944–948, Jun. 2001.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. López-Carr and J. Marter-Kenyon, “Human adaptation: Manage climate-induced resettlement,” Nature, vol. 517, no. 7534, pp. 265–267, Jan. 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Y. Lee, J. A. Engelman, and L. C. Cantley, “Biochemistry. PI3K charges ahead,” Science, vol. 317, no. 5835, pp. 206–207, Jul. 2007.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H. Sondermann, C. Scheufler, C. Schneider, J. Hohfeld, F. U. Hartl, and I. Moarefi, “Structure of a Bag/Hsc70 complex: convergent functional evolution of Hsp70 nucleotide exchange factors,” Science, vol. 291, no. 5508, pp. 1553–1557, Feb. 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. W. Jones, Economic Theory and the Ancient Mediterranean. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2014.
An edited book
M. Knust and A. Hanft, Eds., Continuing Higher Education and Lifelong Learning: An international comparative study on structures, organisation and provisions. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Bushey, “Trustworthy Digital Images and the Cloud: Early Findings of the Records in the Cloud Project,” in Challenges of Information Management Beyond the Cloud: 4th International Symposium on Information Management in a Changing World, IMCW 2013, Limerick, Ireland, September 4-6, 2013. Revised Selected Papers, J. N. Gathegi, Y. Tonta, S. Kurbanoğlu, U. Al, and Z. Taşkın, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014, pp. 43–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine.

Blog post
J. Fang, “Million-Year-Old Monkey Fossil Discovered In Underwater Cave,” IFLScience, Sep. 09, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Audit of Accounts at the U.S. Army Research and Development Command,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 094277, Jun. 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. T. Kaardal, “Decoding the Computations of Sensory Neurons,” Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. A. Grundfest, M. A. Lemley, and G. G. Triantis, “Getting More Bang for the Fed’s Buck,” New York Times, p. A25, Oct. 24, 2012.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Ind. Electron. Mag.
ISSN (print)1932-4529
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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