How to format your references using the IEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. McGaugh, “Astronomy. Seeing through dark matter,” Science, vol. 317, no. 5838, pp. 607–608, Aug. 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. C. Kahl and G. Peters, “Microbiology. Mayhem in the lung,” Science, vol. 315, no. 5815, pp. 1082–1083, Feb. 2007.
A journal article with 3 authors
R. H. Tyler, S. Maus, and H. Lühr, “Satellite observations of magnetic fields due to ocean tidal flow,” Science, vol. 299, no. 5604, pp. 239–241, Jan. 2003.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Q. J. Li et al., “Pollination: flexible style that encourages outcrossing,” Nature, vol. 410, no. 6827, p. 432, Mar. 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Nedoma, J. Stehlík, I. Hlaváček, J. Daněk, T. Dostálová, and P. Přečková, Mathematical and Computational Methods in Biomechanics of Human Skeletal Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
A. Moltó, A Nonlinear Transfer Technique for Renorming, vol. 1951. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
I. Baeza and M. De la Fuente, “The Role of Polyphenols in Menopause,” in Nutrition and Diet in Menopause, C. J. Hollins Martin, R. R. Watson, and V. R. Preedy, Eds. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, 2013, pp. 51–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Philae Detected Organic Molecules On Comet,” IFLScience, Nov. 18, 2014. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Health Care: Continued Leadership Needed to Define and Implement Information Technology Standards,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-05-1054T, Sep. 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. M. Rholdon, “Analyzing Leadership Practices of Enrollment Management at Fletcher Technical Community College,” Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, “Justices Support Guidelines for Sentencing,” New York Times, p. A18, Jun. 22, 2007.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Ind. Electron. Mag.
ISSN (print)1932-4529
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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