How to format your references using the IEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Downward, “Signal transduction. Prelude to an anniversary for the RAS oncogene,” Science, vol. 314, no. 5798, pp. 433–434, Oct. 2006.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. M. Kinchen and K. S. Ravichandran, “Identification of two evolutionarily conserved genes regulating processing of engulfed apoptotic cells,” Nature, vol. 464, no. 7289, pp. 778–782, Apr. 2010.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. W. Schoener, D. A. Spiller, and J. B. Losos, “Predators increase the risk of catastrophic extinction of prey populations,” Nature, vol. 412, no. 6843, pp. 183–186, Jul. 2001.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. Kohara, A. Kitamura, M. Morishima, and T. Tsumoto, “Activity-dependent transfer of brain-derived neurotrophic factor to postsynaptic neurons,” Science, vol. 291, no. 5512, pp. 2419–2423, Mar. 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Chitty and A. Raftery, Essentials of Tortoise Medicine and Surgery. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2013.
An edited book
A. Marcus, Ed., Design, User Experience, and Usability. User Experience in Novel Technological Environments: Second International Conference, DUXU 2013, Held as Part of HCI International 2013, Las Vegas, NV, USA, July 21-26, 2013, Proceedings, Part III, vol. 8014. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
N. Kock, R. Chatelain-Jardón, and J. Carmona, “Surprise and Human Evolution: How a Snake Screen Enhanced Knowledge Transfer Through a Web Interface,” in Evolutionary Psychology and Information Systems Research: A New Approach to Studying the Effects of Modern Technologies on Human Behavior, N. Kock, Ed. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2010, pp. 103–118.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “MAVEN Returns First Light Data From Mars,” IFLScience, 14-Oct-2014. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Emergency and State and Local Law Enforcement Systems: Committee Questions Concerning Year 2000 Challenges,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, AIMD-99-247R, Jul. 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. P. Mustico, “Perception and preference comparison of managers’ behaviors on sales and non -sales employees: A case study,” Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Shpigel, “Commissioner Plays Down Back-and-Forth on Concussions in a Jets Forum,” New York Times, p. B9, 01-Aug-2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Ind. Electron. Mag.
ISSN (print)1932-4529
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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