How to format your references using the Chinese Journal of Traumatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Journal of Traumatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Ransohoff RM. Physiology. Good barriers make good neighbors. Science. 2014;346(6205):36-37.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Dawkins MS, Woodington A. Pattern recognition and active vision in chickens. Nature. 2000;403(6770):652-655.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Zhu L, Ploessl K, Kung HF. Chemistry. Expanding the scope of fluorine tags for PET imaging. Science. 2013;342(6157):429-430.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Yan H, Yu H, Xing W, et al. Development of a proficiency testing program for the HIV-1 BED incidence assay in China. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4512.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Narayanasamy P. Postharvest Pathogens and Disease Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Miescke K-J. Statistical Decision Theory: Estimation, Testing, and Selection. (Liese F, ed.). Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Dingli A, Seychell D. Nurturing Digital Natives. In: Seychell D, ed. The New Digital Natives: Cutting the Chord. Springer; 2015:57-71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Journal of Traumatology.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. Researchers Rewrite Massive Sections Of Bacteria’s Genome. IFLScience. Published August 19, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/researchers-rewrite-massive-sections-of-bacterias-genome/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Treasury Electronic Signature Concept. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Thixton HL. Identification of Site-Specific Mycorrhizal Fungi Associates of the Federally Threatened Eastern Prairie Fringed Orchid (Platanthera leucophaea) in Illinois. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Herszenhorn DM, Barry E. Russian Voters Send a Message To Putin’s Party. New York Times. December 4, 2011:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Journal of Traumatology
AbbreviationChin. J. Traumatol.
ISSN (print)1008-1275
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine
Surgery

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