How to format your references using the Chinese Journal of Traumatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Journal of Traumatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cuervo AM. Cell biology. Autophagy’s top chef. Science. 2011;332(6036):1392-1393.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vecchi GA, Soden BJ. Effect of remote sea surface temperature change on tropical cyclone potential intensity. Nature. 2007;450(7172):1066-1070.
A journal article with 3 authors
Acevedo A, Brodsky L, Andino R. Mutational and fitness landscapes of an RNA virus revealed through population sequencing. Nature. 2014;505(7485):686-690.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Montagna P, McCulloch M, Taviani M, Mazzoli C, Vendrell B. Phosphorus in cold-water corals as a proxy for seawater nutrient chemistry. Science. 2006;312(5781):1788-1791.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kitajima M. Memory and Action Selection in Human-Machine Interaction. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Jürgensen H, Karhumäki J, Okhotin A, eds. Descriptional Complexity of Formal Systems: 16th International Workshop, DCFS 2014, Turku, Finland, August 5-8, 2014. Proceedings. Vol 8614. Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Kovinich N, Arnason JT, De Luca V, Miki B. Coloring Soybeans with Anthocyanins? In: Gang DR, ed. The Biological Activity of Phytochemicals. Springer; 2011:47-57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Journal of Traumatology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Amazing Video Takes You INSIDE The Largest Photograph Ever Taken. IFLScience. Published January 21, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Automobile Weight and Safety. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eaddy M. An empirical assessment of the crosscutting concern problem. Published online 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter J. Under Trump, U.S. Is Now a Threat to Europe’s Stability, Leader Warns. New York Times. January 31, 2017:A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Journal of Traumatology
AbbreviationChin. J. Traumatol.
ISSN (print)1008-1275
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine

Other styles