How to format your references using the Clinical Autonomic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Autonomic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaiser J (2000) ECOLOGY: California Algae May Be Feared European Species. Science 289:222b–3b
A journal article with 2 authors
Govers F, Angenent GC (2010) Plant science. Fertility goddesses as Trojan horses. Science 330:922–923
A journal article with 3 authors
Irvine WTM, Vitelli V, Chaikin PM (2010) Pleats in crystals on curved surfaces. Nature 468:947–951
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Morel CM, Carvalheiro JR, Romero CNP, et al (2007) The road to recovery. Nature 449:180–182

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wagner D (2012) Trading ETFs. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Hu B, Liu J, Chen L, Zhong N (2011) Brain Informatics: International Conference, BI 2011, Lanzhou, China, September 7-9, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Heendaliya L, Lin D, Hurson A (2012) Predictive Line Queries for Traffic Prediction. In: Hameurlain A, Küng J, Wagner R, et al (eds) Transactions on Large-Scale Data- and Knowledge-Centered Systems VI: Special Issue on Database- and Expert-Systems Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 106–133

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Autonomic Research.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Amphibious Fishes In Hot Water Cool Themselves By Jumping Out. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) General Aviation: Status of the Industry, Related Infrastructure, and Safety Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Borogovac A (2010) Novel method for superior detection of functional changes in CBF using arterial spin labeling fMRI. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) For Once, Soccer Gods Smile on Spanish. New York Times SP6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Autonomic Research
AbbreviationClin. Auton. Res.
ISSN (print)0959-9851
ISSN (online)1619-1560
ScopeClinical Neurology
Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

Other styles