How to format your references using the Clinical Autonomic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Autonomic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hens Z (2015) NANOMATERIALS. Economical routes to colloidal nanocrystals. Science 348:1211–1212
A journal article with 2 authors
Bostwick KS, Prum RO (2005) Courting bird sings with stridulating wing feathers. Science 309:736
A journal article with 3 authors
Palazzo A, Ackerman B, Gundersen GG (2003) Cell biology: Tubulin acetylation and cell motility. Nature 421:230
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Reid SD, Herbelin CJ, Bumbaugh AC, et al (2000) Parallel evolution of virulence in pathogenic Escherichia coli. Nature 406:64–67

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sundararajan D (2015) Discretewavelet Transform. John Wiley & Sons, Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore
An edited book
Floudas G (2011) Molecular Dynamics of Glass-Forming Systems: Effects of Pressure. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang B, Yue F, Liu Y, Fu P (2016) A Quantitative Method for Determining the Primary Air Ratio in Coal-Fired Power Plant. In: Yue G, Li S (eds) Clean Coal Technology and Sustainable Development: Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Coal Combustion. Springer, Singapore, pp 39–43

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Autonomic Research.

Blog post
Evans K (2016) 13 Foods That Aren’t What You think They Are. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Electronic Government: Federal Agencies Have Made Progress Implementing the E-Government Act of 2002. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Waldner BW (2013) Determining Relationships Between Technology Acceptance and Employee Attitudes Toward Automated Workflows in the Oil Industry. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky L (2007) Hotel Rooms Become Overnight Stars. New York Times AR22

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Autonomic Research
AbbreviationClin. Auton. Res.
ISSN (print)0959-9851
ISSN (online)1619-1560
ScopeClinical Neurology
Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

Other styles