How to format your references using the Journal of Analytical Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Analytical Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Storz JF. Evolution. Genes for high altitudes. Science. 2010 Jul 2;329(5987):40–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gheiratmand M, Mullen KT. Orientation tuning in human colour vision at detection threshold. Sci. Rep. 2014 Mar 5;4:4285.
A journal article with 3 authors
Karlseder J, Smogorzewska A, de Lange T. Senescence induced by altered telomere state, not telomere loss. Science. 2002 Mar 29;295(5564):2446–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bhowmick NA, Chytil A, Plieth D, Gorska AE, Dumont N, Shappell S, et al. TGF-beta signaling in fibroblasts modulates the oncogenic potential of adjacent epithelia. Science. 2004 Feb 6;303(5659):848–51.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rodgers N. Learning to Reason. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2000.
An edited book
Grampp S, editor. Radiology of Osteoporosis. 2nd Revised Edition. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Parui U, Sanil V. Data Synchronization Internals. In: Sanil V, editor. Pro SQL Server Always On Availability Groups. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2016. p. 35–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Analytical Science and Technology.

Blog post
Fang J. The Genomes of Darwin’s Finches Have Now All Been Sequenced [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/genomes-darwins-finches-have-now-all-been-sequenced/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Highlights of a Forum: Data and Analytics Innovation: Emerging Opportunities and Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016 Sep. Report No.: GAO-16-659SP.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gajewski TJ. Exploring leadership styles from a mediator’s perspective: A phenomenological study examining four specific organizational leadership styles and their relationship to four mediation styles as summarized by Leonard L. Riskin [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. Film Series. New York Times. 2017 Mar 16;C21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Storz 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Gheiratmand and Mullen 2014; Storz 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gheiratmand and Mullen 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Bhowmick et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Analytical Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Anal. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (online)2093-3371
Scope

Other styles