How to format your references using the Journal of Analytical Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Analytical Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ganem D. Virology. The X files--one step closer to closure. Science. 2001 Dec 14;294(5550):2299–300.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jayawardhana R, Ivanov VD. Discovery of a young planetary-mass binary. Science. 2006 Sep 1;313(5791):1279–81.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nielsen LK, Bjørnholm T, Mouritsen OG. Fluctuations caught in the act. Nature. 2000 Mar 23;404(6776):352.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhu Z, Jiang H-C, Qi Y, Tian C, Weng Z-Y. Strong correlation induced charge localization in antiferromagnets. Sci. Rep. 2013;3:2586.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meyr H, Moeneclaey M, Fechtel SA. Digital Communication Receivers: Synchronization, Channel Estimation, and Signal Processing. New York, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2001.
An edited book
Acquaah M, editor. Family Businesses in Sub-Saharan Africa: Behavioral and Strategic Perspectives. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Basso C, Ho SY, Thiene G. Anatomic and Histopathological Characteristics of the Conductive Tissues of the Heart. In: Gussak I, Antzelevitch C, Wilde AAM, Friedman PA, Ackerman MJ, Shen W-K, editors. Electrical Diseases of the Heart: Genetics, Mechanisms, Treatment, Prevention. London: Springer; 2008. p. 37–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Analytical Science and Technology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Reading To Your Child: The Difference It Makes [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The Proper Use of Consultants, Experts, and Contractors. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978 Nov. Report No.: 098113.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nannapaneni D. Factors associated with HPV acceptability among parents [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Goldstein J. Mayor’s Call Did Not Prompt Pastor’s Release, Police Say. New York Times. 2014 Feb 12;A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ganem 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Ganem 2001; Jayawardhana and Ivanov 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jayawardhana and Ivanov 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhu et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Analytical Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Anal. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (online)2093-3371

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