How to format your references using the Journal of Analytical Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Analytical Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kieffer J. Materials science. Not too hot to handle. Science. 2003 Mar 28;299(5615):1998–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
de Wit J, Seager S. Constraining exoplanet mass from transmission spectroscopy. Science. 2013 Dec 20;342(6165):1473–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brockmann D, Hufnagel L, Geisel T. The scaling laws of human travel. Nature. 2006 Jan 26;439(7075):462–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Deng Y, Guo X, Ferguson DO, Chang S. Multiple roles for MRE11 at uncapped telomeres. Nature. 2009 Aug 13;460(7257):914–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hampel FR, Ronchetti EM, Rousseeuw PJ, Stahel WA. Robust Statistics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Caviglia HA, Solimeno LP, editors. Orthopedic Surgery in Patients with Hemophilia. Milano: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Blaum K, Beck D, Breitenfeldt M, George S, Herfurth F, Herlert A, et al. Penning trap mass spectrometry for nuclear structure studies. In: Błaszczak Z, Markov B, Marinova K, editors. LASER 2006: Proceedings of the 7th International Workshop on Application of Lasers in Atomic Nuclei Research “Nuclear Ground and Isometric State Properties” (LASER 2006) held in Poznán, Poland, 29 May–1 June 2006. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 83–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Analytical Science and Technology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Mars Seems More And More Habitable The Closer We Look [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/mars-seems-more-and-more-habitable-the-closer-we-look/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Mainframe Procurements: Statistics Showing How and What the Government is Acquiring. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Dec. Report No.: IMTEC-91-13.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crane CC. A Qualitative Study on the Preferred Working Environment of Southern California Secondary Teachers with Experience in Both a District Traditional School and a District Charter School [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B, Spencer H, Ember S. Magazine Loses Suit Charging Defamation. New York Times. 2016 Nov 4;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kieffer 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Kieffer 2003; de Wit and Seager 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (de Wit and Seager 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Deng et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Analytical Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Anal. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (online)2093-3371
Scope

Other styles