How to format your references using the Journal of Analytical Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Analytical Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cohn MJ. Evolutionary biology: lamprey Hox genes and the origin of jaws. Nature. 2002 Mar 28;416(6879):386–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Orlando L, Willerslev E. Evolution. An epigenetic window into the past? Science. 2014 Aug 1;345(6196):511–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dahl JE, Liu SG, Carlson RMK. Isolation and structure of higher diamondoids, nanometer-sized diamond molecules. Science. 2003 Jan 3;299(5603):96–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mathews DJH, Donovan P, Harris J, Lovell-Badge R, Savulescu J, Faden R. Science and law. Integrity in international stem cell research collaborations. Science. 2006 Aug 18;313(5789):921–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rezg N, Hajej Z, Boschian-Campaner V. Production and Maintenance Optimization Problems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Lüdtke A, editor. Everyday Life in Mass Dictatorship: Collusion and Evasion. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Lu W, Huang P. Glycolytic Pathway as a Target for Tumor Inhibition. In: Bagley RG, editor. The Tumor Microenvironment. New York, NY: Springer; 2010. p. 91–118.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Analytical Science and Technology.

Blog post
Luntz S. Moon Dances With Planets [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Readiness of Key State-Administered Federal Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Oct. Report No.: T-AIMD-00-9.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Molina-Gutierrez E. Keys to my home: A grant proposal project [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. Skating’s New Scoring System Adds to Challenge for American Men. New York Times. 2014 Jan 12;SP11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cohn 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Cohn 2002; Orlando and Willerslev 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Orlando and Willerslev 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Mathews et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Analytical Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Anal. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (online)2093-3371

Other styles