How to format your references using the Journal of Analytical Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Analytical Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gavaghan H. Biology moves into the silicon stage. Nature. 2001 Feb 15;409(6822):964.
A journal article with 2 authors
Peers G, Price NM. Copper-containing plastocyanin used for electron transport by an oceanic diatom. Nature. 2006 May 18;441(7091):341–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Woodroffe R, Hedges S, Durant SM. Ecology. To fence or not to fence. Science. 2014 Apr 4;344(6179):46–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Smith KD, von Seggern D, Blewitt G, Preston L, Anderson JG, Wernicke BP, et al. Evidence for deep magma injection beneath Lake Tahoe, Nevada-California. Science. 2004 Aug 27;305(5688):1277–80.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sofronas A. Case Histories in Vibration Analysis and Metal Fatigue for the Practicing Engineer. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Rioux R, editor. Model Systems in Catalysis: Single Crystals to Supported Enzyme Mimics. 1st ed. New York, NY: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Campagna M-C, George M, Halm J, Malik A. Gastrointestinal Emergencies in the Oncology Patient. In: Manzullo EF, Gonzalez CE, Escalante CP, Yeung S-CJ, editors. Oncologic Emergencies. New York, NY: Springer; 2016. p. 113–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Analytical Science and Technology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Watch This Robotic Insect Jump On Water. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA’s Development of EOSDIS. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Mar. Report No.: IMTEC-92-42R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nellenbach KM. Contributions of oral language, problem-solving, and reading attitudes to young adolescents’ silent reading comprehension [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Who’s at Second, And Now Third? It’s the Catcher. New York Times. 2017 Aug 17;B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gavaghan 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Gavaghan 2001; Peers and Price 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Peers and Price 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Smith et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Analytical Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Anal. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (online)2093-3371

Other styles