How to format your references using the Journal of Analytical Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Analytical Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barbier E. How is the Global Green New Deal going? Nature. 2010 Apr 8;464(7290):832–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Markus MB, Fincham JE. Mbeki and AIDS in Africa. Science. 2000 Jun 23;288(5474):2131d.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gao Y, Chen G, Chan RHM. Naming game on networks: let everyone be both speaker and hearer. Sci. Rep. 2014 Aug 21;4:6149.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ma C, Han M, Heinrich B, Fu Q, Zhang Q, Sandhu M, et al. Gut microbiome-mediated bile acid metabolism regulates liver cancer via NKT cells. Science. 2018 May 25;360(6391).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saccone C, Pesole G. Handbook of Comparative Genomics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Chakraborty K. Soft Computing Techniques in Voltage Security Analysis. Chakrabarti A, editor. New Delhi: Springer India; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Ratnaparkhe MB, Singh RJ, Doyle JJ. Glycine. In: Kole C, editor. Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources: Legume Crops and Forages. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 83–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Analytical Science and Technology.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Size Doesn’t Matter For Voracious Little Galaxies [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Operations: Testing of NASA’s Technical and Management Information System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 Mar. Report No.: IMTEC-88-28.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee J. The Effects of Leadership Behavior on Workplace Harassment, Employee Outcomes, and Organizational Effectiveness in Small Businesses [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M. Washington Memo; Household Hiring Is Trickier With New Broom in Capital. New York Times. 1993 Feb 12;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Barbier 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Barbier 2010; Markus and Fincham 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Markus and Fincham 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Ma et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Analytical Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Anal. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (online)2093-3371

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