How to format your references using the Journal of Analytical Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Analytical Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gorvel J-P. Microbiology. Bacterial bushwacking through a microtubule jungle. Science. 2006 Nov 10;314(5801):931–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schulz B, Frommer WB. Plant biology. A plant ABC transporter takes the lotus seat. Science. 2004 Oct 22;306(5696):622–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mukandavire Z, Smith DL, Morris JG Jr. Cholera in Haiti: reproductive numbers and vaccination coverage estimates. Sci. Rep. 2013 Jan 10;3:997.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yukimoto N, Tsutsui M, He Y, Shintaku H, Tanaka S, Kawano S, et al. Tracking single-particle dynamics via combined optical and electrical sensing. Sci. Rep. 2013;3:1855.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pasher E, Ronen T. The Complete Guide to Knowledge Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Großhans H, editor. Regulation of microRNAs. New York, NY: Springer US; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Boutellier R, Heinzen M. Diffusion of New Technologies. In: Heinzen M, editor. Growth Through Innovation: Managing the Technology-Driven Enterprise. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 59–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Analytical Science and Technology.

Blog post
Taub B. Staying Up Past Your Bedtime Could Leave You “Functionally Drunk” [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The Cost Effectiveness of an Education Assistance Program (GI Bill) as a Recruiting Incentive Is Unknown. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982 Jan. Report No.: FPCD-82-12.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Theisen TD. Improving the collaboration infrastructure of an online inter -institutional consortium [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B. Haunting Lamentation for an Evanescent Now. New York Times. 2016 Nov 2;C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gorvel 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Gorvel 2006; Schulz and Frommer 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schulz and Frommer 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Yukimoto et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Analytical Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Anal. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (online)2093-3371

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