How to format your references using the Journal of Analytical Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Analytical Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clarke PR. Cell biology. A gradient signal orchestrates the mitotic spindle. Science. 2005 Aug 26;309(5739):1334–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Morton JJL, Mølmer K. Quantum information: Spin memories in for the long haul. Nature. 2015 Jan 8;517(7533):153–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Koo B, Nottenburg C, Pardey PG. Intellectual property. Plants and intellectual property: an international appraisal. Science. 2004 Nov 19;306(5700):1295–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Adams PL, Stahley MR, Kosek AB, Wang J, Strobel SA. Crystal structure of a self-splicing group I intron with both exons. Nature. 2004 Jul 1;430(6995):45–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simon J. Banach, Fréchet, Hilbert and Neumann Spaces. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
Linderfalk U, editor. On The Interpretation of Treaties: The Modern International Law as Expressed in the 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Davendra D. Evolutionary Algorithms and the Edge of Chaos. In: Zelinka I, Celikovsky S, Richter H, Chen G, editors. Evolutionary Algorithms and Chaotic Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 145–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Analytical Science and Technology.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Sticker-Sized Satellites Will Soon Get To Orbit [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Better Oversight Would Reduce the Risk of Air Taxi Accidents. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Feb. Report No.: T-RCED-92-27.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
MacKinder M. Max the Knife, Salesman [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. The Last Shaman. New York Times. 2017 May 11;C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clarke 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Clarke 2005; Morton and Mølmer 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Morton and Mølmer 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Adams et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Analytical Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Anal. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (online)2093-3371

Other styles