How to format your references using the Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Kemp, Science in culture: A mechanical mind, Nature. 421 (2003) 214.
A journal article with 2 authors
R.A. Gatenby, P.K. Maini, Mathematical oncology: cancer summed up, Nature. 421 (2003) 321.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Falck, J. Coates, S.P. Jackson, Conserved modes of recruitment of ATM, ATR and DNA-PKcs to sites of DNA damage, Nature. 434 (2005) 605–611.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.E. Lee, M.L. Fusco, A.J. Hessell, W.B. Oswald, D.R. Burton, E.O. Saphire, Structure of the Ebola virus glycoprotein bound to an antibody from a human survivor, Nature. 454 (2008) 177–182.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
N.H. Chan, H.Y. Wong, Simulation Techniques in Financial Risk Management, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2006.
An edited book
J.C. Setubal, S. Verjovski-Almeida, eds., Advances in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology: Brazilian Symposium on Bioinformatics, BSB 2005, Sao Leopoldo, Brazil, July 27-29, 2005. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Rowe, Predicting Online Community Churners Using Gaussian Sequences, in: L.M. Aiello, D. McFarland (Eds.), Social Informatics: 6th International Conference, SocInfo 2014, Barcelona, Spain, November 11-13, 2014. Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 66–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Ants Behave As Sheer-Thinning Fluid, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Federal Family Education Loan Information System: Weak Computer Controls Increase Risk of Unauthorized Access to Sensitive Data, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
P.J. Rodriguez, “Stepping stones”: Empowering mental health patients through connections with significant others: A grant proposal, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Barron, MetroCard Replacement Will Be Safe, Officials Say, New York Times. (2017) A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis
AbbreviationJ. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis
ISSN (print)0165-2370
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry

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