How to format your references using the Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
L. Zhang, China must act decisively to eradicate the ivory trade, Nature. 527 (2015) 135.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.A. Vazquez, M.R. Reid, Probing the accumulation history of the voluminous Toba magma, Science. 305 (2004) 991–994.
A journal article with 3 authors
R.G. Efremov, R. Baradaran, L.A. Sazanov, The architecture of respiratory complex I, Nature. 465 (2010) 441–445.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
F.F. Csikor, C. Motz, D. Weygand, M. Zaiser, S. Zapperi, Dislocation avalanches, strain bursts, and the problem of plastic forming at the micrometer scale, Science. 318 (2007) 251–254.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K. Lu, Materials in Energy Conversion, Harvesting, and Storage, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, New Jersey, 2014.
An edited book
C.S. Clauss-Ehlers, ed., Encyclopedia of Cross-Cultural School Psychology, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
E. Schwarz, S. Bahn, Schizophrenia Biomarkers: A Means to Advance Disease Understanding, Diagnosis and Treatment, in: C. Turck (Ed.), Biomarkers for Psychiatric Disorders, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2009: pp. 75–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis.

Blog post
B. Taub, Here’s How The Brain Develops A Taste For Lying, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, The President’s Second Special Message for FY 1983, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. Moe, The evolution and impact of the massive open online course, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Yablonsky, Eye Spy, New York Times. (2007) 6228.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis
AbbreviationJ. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis
ISSN (print)0165-2370
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry

Other styles