How to format your references using the Annals of Data Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Data Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Maureille B (2002) A lost Neanderthal neonate found. Nature 419:33–34
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Wentz FJ, Schabel M (2000) Precise climate monitoring using complementary satellite data sets. Nature 403:414–416
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Vais H, Foskett JK, Mak D-OD (2011) InsP3R channel gating altered by clustering? Nature 478:E1-2; discussion E2-3
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Reeves MB, Davies AA, McSharry BP, et al (2007) Complex I binding by a virally encoded RNA regulates mitochondria-induced cell death. Science 316:1345–1348

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Trigeassou J-C (2011) Electrical Machines Diagnosis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Zavoral F, Yaghob J, Pichappan P, El-Qawasmeh E (2010) Networked Digital Technologies: Second International Conference, NDT 2010, Prague, Czech Republic, July 7-9, 2010. Proceedings, Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Gkirtzou K, Deux J-F, Bassez G, et al (2013) Sparse Classification with MRI Based Markers for Neuromuscular Disease Categorization. In: Wu G, Zhang D, Shen D, et al (eds) Machine Learning in Medical Imaging: 4th International Workshop, MLMI 2013, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2013, Nagoya, Japan, September 22, 2013. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 33–40

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Data Science.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K (2017) Earthworms Are More Important Than Pandas (If You Want To Save The Planet). In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/earthworms-are-more-important-than-pandas-if-you-want-to-save-the-planet/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2012) Polar-Orbiting Environmental Satellites: Changing Requirements, Technical Issues, and Looming Data Gaps Require Focused Attention. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Leak SC (2010) Building community capacity to meet the needs of our aging society: Interdisciplinary competency development for professionals. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Alexander K (2011) What Should I Stop Buying and Make Instead? New York Times MM48

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Data Science
AbbreviationAnn. Data Sci.
ISSN (print)2198-5804
ISSN (online)2198-5812
Scope

Other styles