How to format your references using the Annals of Data Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Data Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Miller AF (2007) Materials science. Exploiting wrinkle formation. Science 317:605–606
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Larsen PL, Clarke CF (2002) Extension of life-span in Caenorhabditis elegans by a diet lacking coenzyme Q. Science 295:120–123
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Monthoux P, Pines D, Lonzarich GG (2007) Superconductivity without phonons. Nature 450:1177–1183
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Smale DA, Brown KM, Barnes DKA, et al (2008) Ice scour disturbance in Antarctic waters. Science 321:371

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Audibert P (2013) Mathematics for Informatics and Computer Science. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Stojmenovic I, Thulasiram RK, Yang LT, et al (2007) Parallel and Distributed Processing and Applications: 5th International Symposium, ISPA 2007 Niagara Falls, Canada, August 29-31, 2007 Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Voicu M-C (2009) Computational Methods for Detecting Types of Nonlinear Dynamics. In: Mastorakis N, Mladenov V, Kontargyri VT (eds) Proceedings of the European Computing Conference: Volume 2. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 35–48

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Data Science.

Blog post
1.
Taub B (2016) Medical And Recreational Marijuana Approved In Several US States. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/medical-and-recreational-marijuana-approved-in-several-us-states/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1984) Followup Review of the National Science Foundation’s Conflict of Interest Resolution System for Short-Term Employees. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Horn SW (2008) Syntax, Semantics, and Pragmatics of Accusative-Quotative Constructions in Japanese. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Belson K, Pilon M (2012) Marathon Officials Determining How to Proceed. New York Times B11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Data Science
AbbreviationAnn. Data Sci.
ISSN (print)2198-5804
ISSN (online)2198-5812
Scope

Other styles