How to format your references using the Annals of Data Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Data Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Oh S (2013) Physics. The complete quantum Hall trio. Science 340:153–154
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Blázquez MA, Weigel D (2000) Integration of floral inductive signals in Arabidopsis. Nature 404:889–892
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kirn TJ, Jude BA, Taylor RK (2005) A colonization factor links Vibrio cholerae environmental survival and human infection. Nature 438:863–866
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Hanson RE, Crowley JL, Bowring SA, et al (2004) Coeval large-scale magmatism in the Kalahari and Laurentian cratons during Rodinia assembly. Science 304:1126–1129

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Nations S (2014) The Complete Book of Option Spreads and Combinations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Fassbinder SD, Ii AJN, Kahn R (2012) Greening the Academy: Ecopedagogy Through the Liberal Arts. SensePublishers, Rotterdam
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Neelameggham N, Brown R, Davis B (2016) Energy-Efficient Sustainable Processes by “Thiometallurgy.” In: Fergus JW, Mishra B, Anderson D, et al (eds) Engineering Solutions for Sustainability: Materials and Resources II. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 55–71

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Data Science.

Blog post
1.
Davis J (2015) Rubella Has Officially Been Eradicated From The Americas. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/rubella-eradicated-americas/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1997) Federal Highway Programs: Status of Federal Highway Programs in the Absence of Reauthorization. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Chatterjee K (2012) A probabilistic mechanistic approach for assessing the rupture frequency of small modular reactor steam generator tubes using uncertain inputs from in-service inspections. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Walsh MW, Corkery M (2015) Hedge Fund Economists See Solution to Island’s Debt Crisis. New York Times B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Data Science
AbbreviationAnn. Data Sci.
ISSN (print)2198-5804
ISSN (online)2198-5812
Scope

Other styles