How to format your references using the Annals of Data Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Data Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bourzac K (2015) Spiders: Web of intrigue. Nature 519:S4-6
A journal article with 2 authors
Laver G, Garman E (2001) Virology. The origin and control of pandemic influenza. Science 293:1776–1777
A journal article with 3 authors
Vafabakhsh R, Levitz J, Isacoff EY (2015) Conformational dynamics of a class C G-protein-coupled receptor. Nature 524:497–501
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Park D, Tosello-Trampont A-C, Elliott MR, et al (2007) BAI1 is an engulfment receptor for apoptotic cells upstream of the ELMO/Dock180/Rac module. Nature 450:430–434

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bobrow J, Kohn E, Mondragon-Gilmore J, Eggenschwiler J (2009) CliffsNotes® Praxis I®: PPST®. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Townsend TG (2015) Sustainable Practices for Landfill Design and Operation. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Napadow V, Dhond RP, Kettner NW (2008) Neuroimaging for the Evaluation of CAM Mechanisms. In: Audette JF, Bailey A (eds) Integrative Pain Medicine: The Science and Practice of Complementary and Alternative Medicine in Pain Management. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp 85–106

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Data Science.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Patient’s Fart Causes Fire During Surgery. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Drug Testing: Undercover Tests Reveal Significant Vulnerabilities in DOT’s Drug Testing Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bottorff EA (2011) The community college baccalaureate: A study of capital costs in Florida. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J (2017) Another Williams Takes His Turn. New York Times B8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Data Science
AbbreviationAnn. Data Sci.
ISSN (print)2198-5804
ISSN (online)2198-5812

Other styles