How to format your references using the Annals of Data Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Data Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2002) Going green: Ireland. Nature 416:4–5
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhu F, Zhang X (2013) The Wnt signaling pathway is involved in the regulation of phagocytosis of virus in Drosophila. Sci Rep 3:2069
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu Q, Clark MS, Palmiter RD (2012) Deciphering a neuronal circuit that mediates appetite. Nature 483:594–597
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Rodrigues-Martins A, Riparbelli M, Callaini G, et al (2007) Revisiting the role of the mother centriole in centriole biogenesis. Science 316:1046–1050

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Afoakwa EO (2016) Chocolate Science and Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Teixeira PN, Johnstone DB, Rosa MJ, Vossensteyn H (2006) Cost-Sharing and Accessibility in Higher Education: A Fairer Deal? Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Miura N, Sakurai T, Kuroda T (2010) Inductive Coupled Communications. In: Ho R, Drost R (eds) Coupled Data Communication Techniques for High-Performance and Low-Power Computing. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 79–125

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Data Science.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) NASA Just Released A GIPHY Page Full Of The Universe’s Best Moving Images. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980) Opinion on the Legality of the Scheduled Transfer of Administrative Responsibility for Certain Law Enforcement Education Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sefrit J (2008) A study of the effectiveness of a school district’s mentoring /professional development plan for beginning teachers. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J (2017) Van Wyck Guardrails Take a Beating From Cars and Trump. New York Times A21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Data Science
AbbreviationAnn. Data Sci.
ISSN (print)2198-5804
ISSN (online)2198-5812

Other styles