How to format your references using the Chemie der Erde citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemie der Erde. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mahaffy, P.R., 2005. Intensive Titan exploration begins. Science 308, 969–970.
A journal article with 2 authors
Punnoose, A., Finkel’stein, A.M., 2005. Metal-insulator transition in disordered two-dimensional electron systems. Science 310, 289–291.
A journal article with 3 authors
McDonald, J.J., Teder-Sälejärvi, W.A., Ward, L.M., 2001. Multisensory integration and crossmodal attention effects in the human brain. Science 292, 1791.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Evans, P.D., Gilbert, S.L., Mekel-Bobrov, N., Vallender, E.J., Anderson, J.R., Vaez-Azizi, L.M., Tishkoff, S.A., Hudson, R.R., Lahn, B.T., 2005. Microcephalin, a gene regulating brain size, continues to evolve adaptively in humans. Science 309, 1717–1720.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mindham, C.N., 2008. Roof Construction and Loft Conversion. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Gunde-Cimerman, N., Oren, A., Plemenitaš, A. (Eds.), 2005. Adaptation to Life at High Salt Concentrations in Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukarya, Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Giardina, E., Sinibaldi, C., Peconi, C., Novelli, G., 2007. Dermatite atopica: genetica, in: Gelmetti, C. (Ed.), La Scuola Dell’atopia. Springer, Milano, pp. 37–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemie der Erde.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. Is The Red Wine Compound Resveratrol A Miracle Drug For Infertility and Ageing? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1981. Cooperative Extension Service’s Mission and Federal Role Need Congressional Clarification (No. CED-81-119). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Monk, K.J., 2014. Effects of distractors and force feedback on an aimed movement task in a CDTI environment (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2017. Ta’ang. New York Times C9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mahaffy, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Mahaffy, 2005; Punnoose and Finkel’stein, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Punnoose and Finkel’stein, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Evans et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleChemie der Erde
AbbreviationChem. Erde
ISSN (print)0009-2819
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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