How to format your references using the Chemie der Erde citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemie der Erde. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yong, E., 2014. First response: race against time. Nature 510, S5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Martin, P., Parkhurst, S.M., 2003. Development. May the force be with you. Science 300, 63–65.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, S.-Y., Hakoshima, T., Kitano, K., 2013. Structure of the RecQ C-terminal domain of human Bloom syndrome protein. Sci. Rep. 3, 3294.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kim, J.-H., Ko, Y.-H., Gong, S.-H., Ko, S.-M., Cho, Y.-H., 2013. Ultrafast single photon emitting quantum photonic structures based on a nano-obelisk. Sci. Rep. 3, 2150.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aït-Kadi, D., Chouinard, M., Marcotte, S., Riopel, D., 2012. Sustainable Reverse Logistics Network. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Horiguchi, S., Imoto, Y., Poole, G.S. (Eds.), 2015. Foreign Language Education in Japan: Exploring Qualitative Approaches, Critical New Literacies: The Praxis of English Language Teaching and Learning (Pelt). SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Demarcy, T., Vandersteen, C., Raffaelli, C., Gnansia, D., Guevara, N., Ayache, N., Delingette, H., 2016. Uncertainty Quantification of Cochlear Implant Insertion from CT Images, in: Shekhar, R., Wesarg, S., González Ballester, M.Á., Drechsler, K., Sato, Y., Erdt, M., Linguraru, M.G., Oyarzun Laura, C. (Eds.), Clinical Image-Based Procedures. Translational Research in Medical Imaging: 5th International Workshop, CLIP 2016, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2016, Athens, Greece, October 17, 2016, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 27–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemie der Erde.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Why Do Human Children Stay So Small For So Long? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Low-Income and Minority Serving Institutions: Management Attention to Long-standing Concerns Needed to Improve Education’s Oversight of Grant Programs (No. GAO-09-309). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beaven, L., 2014. Epiphanies of soul: “When the bolts of the universe fly open.” A depth psychological contemplation of wonder (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gardiner, K., 2016. Sing, Memory. New York Times BR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yong, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Martin and Parkhurst, 2003; Yong, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Martin and Parkhurst, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleChemie der Erde
AbbreviationChem. Erde
ISSN (print)0009-2819
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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