How to format your references using the Chemie der Erde citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemie der Erde. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Simon, J.A., 2009. Transcription. Sweet silencing. Science 325, 45–46.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kasthuri, N., Lichtman, J.W., 2003. The role of neuronal identity in synaptic competition. Nature 424, 426–430.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sekiguchi, Y., Arai, K., Kohshima, S., 2006. Sleep behaviour: sleep in continuously active dolphins. Nature 441, E9-10; discussion E11.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Clutton-Brock, T.H., Russell, A.F., Sharpe, L.L., Brotherton, P.N., McIlrath, G.M., White, S., Cameron, E.Z., 2001. Effects of helpers on juvenile development and survival in meerkats. Science 293, 2446–2449.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Laplante, P.A., Ovaska, S.J., 2011. Real-Time Systems Design and Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Harteis, C., Rausch, A., Seifried, J. (Eds.), 2014. Discourses on Professional Learning: On the Boundary Between Learning and Working, Professional and Practice-based Learning. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Rothschild, B.M., Schultze, H.-P., Pellegrini, R., 2012. Summary of Osseous Pathology in Amphibians and Reptiles, in: Schultze, H.-P., Pellegrini, R. (Eds.), Herpetological Osteopathology: Annotated Bibliography of Amphibians and Reptiles. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 11–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemie der Erde.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Ring of Stellar Fire Surrounds 12-Billion-Year-Old Galaxy [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Computer-Based Patient Records: Subcommittee Questions Concerning VA and DOD Efforts to Achieve a Two-Way Exchange of Health Data (No. GAO-04-691R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Randall, R., 2009. Department of Children and Family Services workers’ knowledge of childhood obesity and services for obese children (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bartlett, B., 2016. Don’t Use My Tax Plan. New York Times A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Simon, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Kasthuri and Lichtman, 2003; Simon, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kasthuri and Lichtman, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Clutton-Brock et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleChemie der Erde
AbbreviationChem. Erde
ISSN (print)0009-2819
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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