How to format your references using the Chemie der Erde citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemie der Erde. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Winnacker, E.-L., 2002. European science. Science 295, 446.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rolston, S.L., Phillips, W.D., 2002. Nonlinear and quantum atom optics. Nature 416, 219–224.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aravanis, A.M., Pyle, J.L., Tsien, R.W., 2003. Single synaptic vesicles fusing transiently and successively without loss of identity. Nature 423, 643–647.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Baptiste, K.E., Naylor, J.M., Bailey, J., Barber, E.M., Post, K., Thornhill, J., 2000. A function for guttural pouches in the horse. Nature 403, 382–383.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilson, D.A., 2008. Forensic Procedures for Boundary and Title Investigation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Beheshti, S.-M.-R., 2016. Process Analytics: Concepts and Techniques for Querying and Analyzing Process Data. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Procopiou, M., Meier, C.A., 2007. Evaluation of Thyroid Nodules, in: Oertli, D., Udelsman, R. (Eds.), Surgery of the Thyroid and Parathyroid Glands. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 45–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemie der Erde.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. New York Medical Examiners Not Required To Return All Organs, Court Rules [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011. TANF and Child Welfare Programs: Increased Data Sharing Could Improve Access to Benefits and Services (No. GAO-12-2). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warner, K.S., 2014. The narrative structure of children’s books used in language therapy: An analysis (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2017. P.S. Jerusalem. New York Times C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Winnacker, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Rolston and Phillips, 2002; Winnacker, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rolston and Phillips, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Baptiste et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleChemie der Erde
AbbreviationChem. Erde
ISSN (print)0009-2819
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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