How to format your references using the Chemie der Erde citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemie der Erde. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boyle, E., 2002. Oceanography. Oceanic salt switch. Science 298, 1724–1725.
A journal article with 2 authors
Machner, M.P., Isberg, R.R., 2007. A bifunctional bacterial protein links GDI displacement to Rab1 activation. Science 318, 974–977.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mendell, J.T., ap Rhys, C.M.J., Dietz, H.C., 2002. Separable roles for rent1/hUpf1 in altered splicing and decay of nonsense transcripts. Science 298, 419–422.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Teo, K.B.K., Minoux, E., Hudanski, L., Peauger, F., Schnell, J.-P., Gangloff, L., Legagneux, P., Dieumegard, D., Amaratunga, G.A.J., Milne, W.I., 2005. Microwave devices: carbon nanotubes as cold cathodes. Nature 437, 968.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Johansen, G.A., Jackson, P., 2005. Radioisotope Gauges for Industrial Process Measurements. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Beljonne, D., Cornil, J. (Eds.), 2014. Multiscale Modelling of Organic and Hybrid Photovoltaics, Topics in Current Chemistry. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Czumaj, A., Sohler, C., 2010. Sublinear-time Algorithms, in: Goldreich, O. (Ed.), Property Testing: Current Research and Surveys, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 41–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemie der Erde.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. Why Zebra Refused To Be Saddled With Domesticity [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. Customs Automation: Duties and Other Collections Vulnerable to Fraud and Abuse (No. IMTEC-90-29). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Katz, R.L., 2014. Graduate nursing students’ perceptions regarding caring for patients with HIV (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2016. Haunting Lamentation for an Evanescent Now. New York Times C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Boyle, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Boyle, 2002; Machner and Isberg, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Machner and Isberg, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Teo et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleChemie der Erde
AbbreviationChem. Erde
ISSN (print)0009-2819
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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