How to format your references using the Chemie der Erde citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemie der Erde. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lundgren, P., 2014. Earth science: Fertile fields for seismicity. Nature 509, 436–437.
A journal article with 2 authors
Svenning, J.-C., Condit, R., 2008. Ecology. Biodiversity in a warmer world. Science 322, 206–207.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ottosen, S., Herrera, F.J., Triezenberg, S.J., 2002. Transcription. Proteasome parts at gene promoters. Science 296, 479–481.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pätzold, M., Andert, T.P., Asmar, S.W., Anderson, J.D., Barriot, J.-P., Bird, M.K., Häusler, B., Hahn, M., Tellmann, S., Sierks, H., Lamy, P., Weiss, B.P., 2011. Asteroid 21 Lutetia: low mass, high density. Science 334, 491–492.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tebbani, S., Lopes, F., Filali, R., Dumur, D., Pareau, D., 2014. CO 2 Biofixation by Microalgae. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Dutoit, A.H., McCall, R., Mistrík, I., Paech, B. (Eds.), 2006. Rationale Management in Software Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Gentili, G., Di Napoli, M., 2015. Axilla, Elbow, Wrist – Hand, in: Di Napoli, M. (Ed.), The Median Nerve: Motor Conduction Studies. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 21–24.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemie der Erde.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2015. Scientists Have Begun Hunting For Alien Signals Coming From Mysterious Star [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Federal Bureau of Investigation’s Comments on Recent GAO Report on its Enterprise Architecture Efforts (No. GAO-04-190R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Quick, T.D., 2012. Faith-based charter school success at education ground zero (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B., 2017. As Syrian War Drags On, Assad’s Grip Tightens. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lundgren, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Lundgren, 2014; Svenning and Condit, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Svenning and Condit, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Pätzold et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleChemie der Erde
AbbreviationChem. Erde
ISSN (print)0009-2819
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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