How to format your references using the Engineering Geology Special Publications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Engineering Geology Special Publications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kramers, J. 2001. Geology. The smile of the Cheshire cat. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293, 619–620.
A journal article with 2 authors
Joly, P.-B. and Rip, A. 2007. A timely harvest. Nature, 450, 174.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ye, Q., Krug, R.M. and Tao, Y.J. 2006. The mechanism by which influenza A virus nucleoprotein forms oligomers and binds RNA. Nature, 444, 1078–1082.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Liao, S., Zhang, W., et al. 2013. Ionic strength-dependent conformations of a ubiquitin-like small archaeal modifier protein (SAMP2) from Haloferax volcanii. Scientific reports, 3, 2136.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pruitt, G. 2016. The Ultimate Algorithmic Trading System Toolbox + Website.
An edited book
Choi, S. (ed.). 2010. Systems Biology for Signaling Networks. Systems Biology.
A chapter in an edited book
Marinescu, D.G., Nicolae, V., Popescu, C.L., Calin, L. and Mierloiu, N. 2016. DUSTER ZERO—Electric Vehicle Research 4WD. In: Andreescu, C. and Clenci, A. (eds) Proceedings of the European Automotive Congress EAEC-ESFA 2015. 37–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Engineering Geology Special Publications.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Spot The Snake Oil: Telling Good Cancer Research From Bad. IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2006. U.S. Aerospace Industry: Progress in Implementing Aerospace Commission Recommendations, and Remaining Challenges. GAO-06-920.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aikens, F.A. 2012. An Examination of Ethical Behavior, Job Satisfaction, and Turnover Intent in Southern Ohio QSR Operations. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. 2017. That Close-Up, in Fine Focus. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kramers 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Kramers 2001; Joly and Rip 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Joly and Rip 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Liao et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEngineering Geology Special Publications
ISSN (print)0267-9914
ISSN (online)2041-4730
ScopeGeotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

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