How to format your references using the Engineering Geology Special Publications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Engineering Geology Special Publications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bloch, I. 2008. Quantum coherence and entanglement with ultracold atoms in optical lattices. Nature, 453, 1016–1022.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bonn, D. and Denn, M.M. 2009. Materials science. Yield stress fluids slowly yield to analysis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324, 1401–1402.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nakada, D., Saunders, T.L. and Morrison, S.J. 2010. Lkb1 regulates cell cycle and energy metabolism in haematopoietic stem cells. Nature, 468, 653–658.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Islahudin, F., Tindall, S.M., et al. 2014. The antimalarial drug quinine interferes with serotonin biosynthesis and action. Scientific reports, 4, 3618.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tebbani, S., Lopes, F., Filali, R., Dumur, D. and Pareau, D. 2014. CO 2 Biofixation by Microalgae.
An edited book
Rosenberg, A. and Demeule, B. (eds). 2015. Biobetters: Protein Engineering to Approach the Curative. AAPS Advances in the Pharmaceutical Sciences Series.
A chapter in an edited book
Lignos, D.G., Putman, C. and Krawinkler, H. 2013. Seismic Assessment of Steel Moment Frames Using Simplified Nonlinear Models. In: Papadrakakis, M., Fragiadakis, M. and Plevris, V. (eds) Computational Methods in Earthquake Engineering: Volume 2. Computational Methods in Applied Sciences, 91–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Engineering Geology Special Publications.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. 2017. Black Hole Might Be Hiding Inside A Nebula. IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Education Grants Management: Actions Initiated to Correct Material Weaknesses. HRD-91-72.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Park, A. 2009. Borderland beyond: Korean Migrants and the Creation of a Modern State Boundary between Korea and Russia, 1860-1937. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, L. 2009. Space Invader. New York Times, M234.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bloch 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Bloch 2008; Bonn and Denn 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bonn and Denn 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Islahudin et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEngineering Geology Special Publications
ISSN (print)0267-9914
ISSN (online)2041-4730
ScopeGeotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

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