How to format your references using the Engineering Geology Special Publications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Engineering Geology Special Publications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hunter, T. 2013. Retrospective. Tony Pawson (1952-2013). Science (New York, N.Y.), 341, 1078.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, X. and Zhou, Z. 2004. Palaeontology: pterosaur embryo from the Early Cretaceous. Nature, 429, 621.
A journal article with 3 authors
Christensen, U.R., Holzwarth, V. and Reiners, A. 2009. Energy flux determines magnetic field strength of planets and stars. Nature, 457, 167–169.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bassett, S.E., Milne, G.A., Mitrovica, J.X. and Clark, P.U. 2005. Ice sheet and solid Earth influences on far-field sea-level histories. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309, 925–928.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Taber, D.F. 2008. Organic Synthesis: State of the 2005-2007.
An edited book
Perna, C. and Sibillo, M. (eds). 2008. Mathematical and Statistical Methods in Insurance and Finance.
A chapter in an edited book
Sucaet, Y. and Waelput, W. 2014. Image Analysis. In: Waelput, W. (ed.) Digital Pathology. SpringerBriefs in Computer Science, 43–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Engineering Geology Special Publications.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. Millions Of Spiders Fleeing Floods Embellish Land With Spectacular Webs. IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. Aviation Safety: Icing and Winter Weather-Related Recommendations That NTSB Has Issued Since 1996 (GAO-10-679SP), an E-Supplement to (GAO-10-678). GAO-10-679SP.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Topdemir, C.M. 2010. School Counselor Accountability Practices: A National Study. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Twohey, M., McKINLEY, J.C., Jr., Baker, A.L. and Rashbaum, W.K. 2017. For Mogul, Brush With Police, Then No Charges. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hunter 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Wang and Zhou 2004; Hunter 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Zhou 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Bassett et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEngineering Geology Special Publications
ISSN (print)0267-9914
ISSN (online)2041-4730
ScopeGeotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

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