How to format your references using the Journal of Alloys and Compounds citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Alloys and Compounds. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
N.J. Rothwell, Show them how it’s really done, Nature. 405 (2000) 621.
A journal article with 2 authors
I. Finkelstein, E. Piasetzky, Comment on “14C dates from Tel Rehov: Iron-Age chronology, pharaohs, and Hebrew kings,” Science. 302 (2003) 568; author reply 568.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Chabre, R. Cone, H. Saibil, Biophysics: is rhodopsin dimeric in native retinal rods?, Nature. 426 (2003) 30–1; discussion 31.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
X. Trepat, L. Deng, S.S. An, D. Navajas, D.J. Tschumperlin, W.T. Gerthoffer, J.P. Butler, J.J. Fredberg, Universal physical responses to stretch in the living cell, Nature. 447 (2007) 592–595.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Fernandes, Local and Regional Flaps in Head & Neck Reconstruction, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
L. Wang, Y. Jin, eds., Fuzzy Systems and Knowledge Discovery: Second International Conference, FSKD 2005, Changsha, China, August 27-29, 2005, Proceedings, Part I, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
T. Takayama, System and Procedure of Nonocclusion Type of Angioscopy, in: K. Mizuno, M. Takano (Eds.), Coronary Angioscopy, Springer Japan, Tokyo, 2015: pp. 57–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Alloys and Compounds.

Blog post
B. Taub, How Does Stoned Sex Compare To Drunk Sex?, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, CETA Programs for Disadvantaged Adults: What Do We Know About Their Enrollees, Services, and Effectiveness, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B.J. Van Gilder, American students’ communication abroad: Factors promoting and inhibiting interactions with host nationals, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, Syndergaard Rethinks Training: Fewer Weights, More Flexibility, New York Times. (2017) SP8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Alloys and Compounds
AbbreviationJ. Alloys Compd.
ISSN (print)0925-8388
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Materials Chemistry
Metals and Alloys

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