How to format your references using the Journal of Alloys and Compounds citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Alloys and Compounds. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H. Watzman, Software spend boosts Israeli R&D, Nature. 405 (2000) 603.
A journal article with 2 authors
K. Panchanathan, R. Boyd, Indirect reciprocity can stabilize cooperation without the second-order free rider problem, Nature. 432 (2004) 499–502.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Merico, T. Tyrrell, P.A. Wilson, Eocene/Oligocene ocean de-acidification linked to Antarctic glaciation by sea-level fall, Nature. 452 (2008) 979–982.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Mayama, M. Tamura, T. Hanawa, T. Matsumoto, M. Ishii, T.-S. Pyo, H. Suto, T. Naoi, T. Kudo, J. Hashimoto, S. Nishiyama, M. Kuzuhara, M. Hayashi, Direct imaging of bridged twin protoplanetary disks in a young multiple star, Science. 327 (2010) 306–308.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
W.F. Lee, Verilog Coding for Logic Synthesis, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
J. Thelin, ed., Foundations of Qt Development, Apress, Berkeley, CA, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Hajny, L. Malina, Unlinkable Attribute-Based Credentials with Practical Revocation on Smart-Cards, in: S. Mangard (Ed.), Smart Card Research and Advanced Applications: 11th International Conference, CARDIS 2012, Graz, Austria, November 28-30, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: pp. 62–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Alloys and Compounds.

Blog post
D. Andrew, Stem Cells Show Promise – But They Also Have A Darker Side, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Developing a Domestic Common Carrier Telecommunications Policy: What Are the Issues?, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. Clark, Psychological resilience, daily stressors, and implications for physical activity levels in mothers with young children, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G.G. Gustines, In a First, Graphic Novelist Is National Envoy for Children’s Literature, New York Times. (2016) C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Alloys and Compounds
AbbreviationJ. Alloys Compd.
ISSN (print)0925-8388
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Materials Chemistry
Metals and Alloys

Other styles