How to format your references using the Journal of Alloys and Compounds citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Alloys and Compounds. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Flower, Drug receptors: a long engagement, Nature. 415 (2002) 587.
A journal article with 2 authors
H.A. Hofmann, P.A. Stevenson, Flight restores fight in crickets, Nature. 403 (2000) 613.
A journal article with 3 authors
N.J. Ganem, S.A. Godinho, D. Pellman, A mechanism linking extra centrosomes to chromosomal instability, Nature. 460 (2009) 278–282.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. van Geen, Y. Zheng, M. Stute, K.M. Ahmed, Comment on “Arsenic Mobility and Groundwater Extraction in Bangladesh” (II), Science. 300 (2003) 584; author reply 584.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
N.C. Karmakar, P. Kalansuriya, R.E. Azim, R. Koswatta, Chipless Radio Frequency Identification Reader Signal Processing, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
J.-P. Banâtre, P. Fradet, J.-L. Giavitto, O. Michel, eds., Unconventional Programming Paradigms: International Workshop UPP 2004, Le Mont Saint Michel, France, September 15-17, 2004, Revised Selected and Invited Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
G. Hattab, A.Y.T. Suisse, O. Ilioaia, M. Casiraghi, M. Dezi, X.L. Warnet, D.E. Warschawski, K. Moncoq, M. Zoonens, B. Miroux, Membrane Protein Production in Escherichia coli: Overview and Protocols, in: I. Mus-Veteau (Ed.), Membrane Proteins Production for Structural Analysis, Springer, New York, NY, 2014: pp. 87–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Alloys and Compounds.

Blog post
D. Andrew, Argument Over Funding HIV PrEP Drug Reveals Prejudice About The Reality Of Some Gay Sex, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Airport Privatization: Issues Related to the Sale of U.S. Commercial Airports, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.W. Horn, Syntax, Semantics, and Pragmatics of Accusative-Quotative Constructions in Japanese, Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Jacoby, The Golden Rule, New York Times. (2014) BR7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Alloys and Compounds
AbbreviationJ. Alloys Compd.
ISSN (print)0925-8388
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Materials Chemistry
Metals and Alloys

Other styles