How to format your references using the Journalism Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journalism Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Berner, Robert A. 2003. “The Long-Term Carbon Cycle, Fossil Fuels and Atmospheric Composition.” Nature 426 (6964): 323–326.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gaztelumendi, Nerea, and Carme Nogués. 2014. “Chromosome Instability in Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells.” Scientific Reports 4 (June): 5324.
A journal article with 3 authors
O’Rahilly, Stephen, Inês Barroso, and Nicholas J. Wareham. 2005. “Genetic Factors in Type 2 Diabetes: The End of the Beginning?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 307 (5708): 370–373.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ramanathan, V., P. J. Crutzen, J. T. Kiehl, and D. Rosenfeld. 2001. “Aerosols, Climate, and the Hydrological Cycle.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 294 (5549): 2119–2124.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lesca, Humbert, and Nicolas Lesca. 2014. Strategic Decisions and Weak Signals. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Gray, William G. 2014. Introduction to the Thermodynamically Constrained Averaging Theory for Porous Medium Systems. Edited by Cass T. Miller. Advances in Geophysical and Environmental Mechanics and Mathematics. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Mahdavi, Mehrdad. 2009. “Solving NP-Complete Problems by Harmony Search.” In Music-Inspired Harmony Search Algorithm: Theory and Applications, edited by Zong Woo Geem, 53–70. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journalism Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2016. “Revealed: The Ancient Genetic Link Between Chimpanzees And Bonobos.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Highway Contracting: Assessing Fraud and Abuse in FHwA’s Disadvantaged Business Enterprise Program. RCED-89-26. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hardin, James. 2010. “A Study of Social Cognitive Theory: The Relationship between Professional Learning Communities and Collective Teacher Efficacy in International School Settings.” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. 2010. “How Broken Must College Football Be to Fix It?” New York Times, November 12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Berner 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Berner 2003; Gaztelumendi and Nogués 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gaztelumendi and Nogués 2014)
  • Three authors: (O’Rahilly, Barroso, and Wareham 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Ramanathan et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournalism Studies
AbbreviationJournal. Stud.
ISSN (print)1461-670X
ISSN (online)1469-9699

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