How to format your references using the Journalism Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journalism Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tymoczko, Dmitri. 2006. “The Geometry of Musical Chords.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 313 (5783): 72–74.
A journal article with 2 authors
Field, Jeremy, and Selina Brace. 2004. “Pre-Social Benefits of Extended Parental Care.” Nature 428 (6983): 650–652.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pfeffer, W. T., J. T. Harper, and S. O’Neel. 2008. “Kinematic Constraints on Glacier Contributions to 21st-Century Sea-Level Rise.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 321 (5894): 1340–1343.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Chen, Yun, Stephen J. Dodd, Michael A. Tangrea, Michael R. Emmert-Buck, and Alan P. Koretsky. 2013. “Measuring Collective Cell Movement and Extracellular Matrix Interactions Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging.” Scientific Reports 3: 1879.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Whitcomb, Clifford A., and Leslie E. Whitcomb. 2013. Effective Interpersonal and Team Communication Skills for Engineers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zhu, Rongbo, Yanchun Zhang, Baoxiang Liu, and Chunfeng Liu, eds. 2010. Information Computing and Applications: First International Conference, ICICA 2010, Tangshan, China, October 15-18, 2010. Proceedings. Vol. 6377. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Klemas, Victor V. 2016. “Remote Sensing of Submerged Aquatic Vegetation.” In Seafloor Mapping along Continental Shelves: Research and Techniques for Visualizing Benthic Environments, edited by Charles W. Finkl and Christopher Makowski, 125–140. Coastal Research Library. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journalism Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “How African Honey Bees Can Help Mitigate Global Colony Losses.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. Follow Up of Sanitary Conditions in Selected Food Industries. 089017. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lovejoy, Lee Phipps. 2010. “On the Control of Selective Attention in the Primate Superior Colliculus.” Doctoral dissertation, La Jolla, CA: University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, John. 2017. “Climate Change Reroutes a Yukon River in a Geological Instant, Scientists Say.” New York Times, April 17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tymoczko 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Tymoczko 2006; Field and Brace 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Field and Brace 2004)
  • Three authors: (Pfeffer, Harper, and O’Neel 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Chen et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournalism Studies
AbbreviationJournal. Stud.
ISSN (print)1461-670X
ISSN (online)1469-9699

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