How to format your references using the Journalism Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journalism Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boebinger, Gregory S. 2009. “Physics. An Abnormal Normal State.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 323 (5914): 590–591.
A journal article with 2 authors
Friedrich, Michael W., and Kai W. Finster. 2014. “Geochemistry. How Sulfur Beats Iron.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 344 (6187): 974–975.
A journal article with 3 authors
Innes, Clinton, Madhur Anand, and Chris T. Bauch. 2013. “The Impact of Human-Environment Interactions on the Stability of Forest-Grassland Mosaic Ecosystems.” Scientific Reports 3: 2689.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
MacLennan, Calman A., James J. Gilchrist, Melita A. Gordon, Adam F. Cunningham, Mark Cobbold, Margaret Goodall, Robert A. Kingsley, et al. 2010. “Dysregulated Humoral Immunity to Nontyphoidal Salmonella in HIV-Infected African Adults.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 328 (5977): 508–512.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mallios, William S. 2010. Forecasting in Financial and Sports Gambling Markets. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Benlamri, Rachid, ed. 2012. Networked Digital Technologies: 4th International Conference, NDT 2012, Dubai, UAE, April 24-26, 2012, Proceedings, Part II. Vol. 294. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Moulin, Thierry, and Laurent Tatu. 2016. “Neuroscience and Decision-Making.” In Deciding Where to Live: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Residential Choice in Its Social Context, edited by Pierre Frankhauser and Dominique Ansel, 113–125. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journalism Studies.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2016. “New Breakthrough In Athletic Wearable Technology.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. Social Security Administration: Technology Modernization Needs Improved Planning and Performance Measures. GAO-12-723T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ruby, Caitlin A. 2017. “Application of Coastal and Marine Ecological Classification Standard (CMECS) to Remotely Operated Vehicle (Rov) Video Data for Enhanced Geospatial Analysis of Deep Sea Environments.” Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), Sophia Kishkovsky. 2005. “World Briefing | Europe: Russia: 21 Miners Killed In Blast.” New York Times, February 10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (French 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Spurgeon 2002; Wadman 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Friedrich and Finster 2014)
  • Three authors: (Innes, Anand, and Bauch 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Hu et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournalism Studies
AbbreviationJournal. Stud.
ISSN (print)1461-670X
ISSN (online)1469-9699

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