How to format your references using the Journalism Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journalism Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
MacWilliams, Bryon. 2003. “Russia Pulls out of Antarctic Station.” Nature 422 (6928): 104.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wiersma, D. S., and S. Cavalieri. 2001. “Light Emission: A Temperature-Tunable Random Laser.” Nature 414 (6865): 708–709.
A journal article with 3 authors
Khatiwala, S., F. Primeau, and T. Hall. 2009. “Reconstruction of the History of Anthropogenic CO(2) Concentrations in the Ocean.” Nature 462 (7271): 346–349.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Banino, Andrea, Caswell Barry, Benigno Uria, Charles Blundell, Timothy Lillicrap, Piotr Mirowski, Alexander Pritzel, et al. 2018. “Vector-Based Navigation Using Grid-like Representations in Artificial Agents.” Nature 557 (7705): 429–433.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mittleman, Alan L. 2011. A Short History of Jewish Ethics. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Bradley, Aaron R. 2007. The Calculus of Computation: Decision Procedures with Applications to Verification. Edited by Zohar Manna. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Takahashi, Ryo, Munehiro Takimoto, and Yasushi Kambayashi. 2015. “Cooperative Transportation Using Pheromone Agents.” In Agents and Artificial Intelligence: 6th International Conference, ICAART 2014, Angers, France, March 6-8, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, edited by Béatrice Duval, Jaap van den Herik, Stephane Loiseau, and Joaquim Filipe, 46–62. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journalism Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Drunken Monkeys? Only Humans Really Don’t Know When They’ve Had Enough.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. Digests of Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. III, No. 10. 147910. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gallegos, Corrina M. 2009. “Shelter Services for Homeless Older Adults: A Grant Writing Project.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, Mary. 2010. “Spoil Your Wrist.” New York Times, April 22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (MacWilliams 2003).
This sentence cites two references (MacWilliams 2003; Wiersma and Cavalieri 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wiersma and Cavalieri 2001)
  • Three authors: (Khatiwala, Primeau, and Hall 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Banino et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournalism Studies
AbbreviationJournal. Stud.
ISSN (print)1461-670X
ISSN (online)1469-9699

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