How to format your references using the Journalism Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journalism Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tso, T. C. 2004. “Agriculture of the Future.” Nature 428 (6979): 215–217.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chiappe, Luis M., and Sara Bertelli. 2006. “Palaeontology: Skull Morphology of Giant Terror Birds.” Nature 443 (7114): 929.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lutz, Wolfgang, Jesus Crespo Cuaresma, and Warren Sanderson. 2008. “Economics. The Demography of Educational Attainment and Economic Growth.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319 (5866): 1047–1048.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lee, Joo Ho, Jeong Eun Lee, Jee Ye Kahng, Se Hoon Kim, Jun Sung Park, Seon Jin Yoon, Ji-Yong Um, et al. 2018. “Human Glioblastoma Arises from Subventricular Zone Cells with Low-Level Driver Mutations.” Nature 560 (7717): 243–247.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Klir, George J. 2005. Uncertainty and Information. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Werf, Julius van der, Hans-Ulrich Graser, Richard Frankham, and Cedric Gondro, eds. 2009. Adaptation and Fitness in Animal Populations: Evolutionary and Breeding Perspectives on Genetic Resource Management. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Sun, Liling, Jingtao Hu, Maowei He, and Hanning Chen. 2015. “Artificial Bee Colony Algorithm Based on K-Means Clustering for Droplet Property Optimization.” In Intelligent Robotics and Applications: 8th International Conference, ICIRA 2015, Portsmouth, UK, August 24-27, 2015, Proceedings, Part I, edited by Honghai Liu, Naoyuki Kubota, Xiangyang Zhu, Rüdiger Dillmann, and Dalin Zhou, 34–44. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journalism Studies.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2016. “Mars Used To Have Earth-Like Levels Of Atmospheric Oxygen.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Elementary and Secondary Education: Flexibility Initiatives Do Not Address Districts’ Key Concerns About Federal Requirements. T-HEHS-00-51. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davis, Kevin. 2010. “Manifesting Archetypal Energy through Music.” Doctoral dissertation, Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. 2011. “At the Stadium, a Parade of Respect.” New York Times, October 1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tso 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Tso 2004; Chiappe and Bertelli 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chiappe and Bertelli 2006)
  • Three authors: (Lutz, Cuaresma, and Sanderson 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Lee et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournalism Studies
AbbreviationJournal. Stud.
ISSN (print)1461-670X
ISSN (online)1469-9699

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