How to format your references using the Journalism Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journalism Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lovett, R. A. 2000. “PLANETARY SCIENCE: ‘Spiders’ Channel Mars Polar Ice Cap.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 289 (5486): 1853a–1854a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Farmer, J. Doyne, and Duncan Foley. 2009. “The Economy Needs Agent-Based Modelling.” Nature 460 (7256): 685–686.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rao, Christopher V., Denise M. Wolf, and Adam P. Arkin. 2002. “Control, Exploitation and Tolerance of Intracellular Noise.” Nature 420 (6912): 231–237.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Temelkuran, Burak, Shandon D. Hart, Gilles Benoit, John D. Joannopoulos, and Yoel Fink. 2002. “Wavelength-Scalable Hollow Optical Fibres with Large Photonic Bandgaps for CO2 Laser Transmission.” Nature 420 (6916): 650–653.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Budisa, Nediljko. 2005. Engineering the Genetic Code. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Kjems, Jørgen, Elena Ferapontova, and Kurt V. Gothelf, eds. 2014. Nucleic Acid Nanotechnology. Vol. 29. Nucleic Acids and Molecular Biology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hawkes, Denise, James Kennell, Paul Booth, and Emma Abson. 2016. “The Impact of Motivation Factors on Spending at a Public Sector Festivals Programme.” In Impact Assessment in Tourism Economics, edited by Álvaro Matias, Peter Nijkamp, and João Romão, 67–80. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journalism Studies.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2017. “Planetary Harmony Keeps The Trappist-1 System Intact.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. Amtrak: Information on Amtrak’s Operating Expenses. RCED-92-177FS. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hilton, Linda C. 2015. “Case Study on Organic Farming as a Sustainable Solution for African-American Farmers.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Santora, Marc, and A. L. Baker. 2015. “East Village Blast and Fire Fell Buildings and Hurt at Least 19.” New York Times, March 26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lovett 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Lovett 2000; Farmer and Foley 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Farmer and Foley 2009)
  • Three authors: (Rao, Wolf, and Arkin 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Temelkuran et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournalism Studies
AbbreviationJournal. Stud.
ISSN (print)1461-670X
ISSN (online)1469-9699

Other styles