How to format your references using the Journal of Monetary Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Monetary Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Engheta, N., 2011. Applied physics. Antenna-guided light. Science 334, 317–318.
A journal article with 2 authors
Taylor, J.R.A., Kier, W.M., 2003. Switching skeletons: hydrostatic support in molting crabs. Science 301, 209–210.
A journal article with 3 authors
Willbold, M., Elliott, T., Moorbath, S., 2011. The tungsten isotopic composition of the Earth’s mantle before the terminal bombardment. Nature 477, 195–198.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dietrich, L.E.P., Teal, T.K., Price-Whelan, A., Newman, D.K., 2008. Redox-active antibiotics control gene expression and community behavior in divergent bacteria. Science 321, 1203–1206.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sillar, K.T., Picton, L.D., Heitler, W.J., 2016. The Neuroethology of Predation and Escape. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Zhang, J., Luna-Reyes, L.F., Pardo, T.A., Sayogo, D.S. (Eds.), 2016. Information, Models, and Sustainability: Policy Informatics in the Age of Big Data and Open Government, Public Administration and Information Technology. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Ryan, P.Y.A., 2010. The Computer Ate My Vote, in: Boca, P., Bowen, J.P., Siddiqi, J. (Eds.), Formal Methods: State of the Art and New Directions. Springer, London, pp. 147–184.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Monetary Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Researchers Develop Highly Effective Vaccine To Diarrhea Causing Bacterium [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Transportation Programs: Opportunities for Oversight and Improved Use of Taxpayer Funds (No. GAO-03-1040T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia, A.D., 2013. Long-term shifts in adolescent Nicotine reward following early methylphenidate exposure in male and female rats (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
French, A., 2014. The Last, Disposable Action Hero. New York Times MM32.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Engheta, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Engheta, 2011; Taylor and Kier, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Taylor and Kier, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Dietrich et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Monetary Economics
AbbreviationJ. Monet. Econ.
ISSN (print)0304-3932
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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