How to format your references using the Journal of Monetary Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Monetary Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jauch, R., 2005. Scientists and societies. Horizons in molecular biology. Nature 433, 904.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chang, E.F., Merzenich, M.M., 2003. Environmental noise retards auditory cortical development. Science 300, 498–502.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cohen, M., Shavit, R., Zalevsky, Z., 2014. Observing optical plasmons on a single nanometer scale. Sci. Rep. 4, 4096.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ioffe, L.B., Feigel’man, M.V., Ioselevich, A., Ivanov, D., Troyer, M., Blatter, G., 2002. Topologically protected quantum bits using Josephson junction arrays. Nature 415, 503–506.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ahonen, T.T., Kasper, T., Melkko, S., 2005. 3G Marketing. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Meinel, C., 2015. Blogosphere and its Exploration. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Raffensperger, J.F., 2011. The Economic Value of Dietary Supplements, in: Gerald, J.K., Watson, R.R., Preedy, V.R. (Eds.), Nutrients, Dietary Supplements, and Nutriceuticals: Cost Analysis Versus Clinical Benefits. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 57–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Monetary Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Another Australian Animal Slips Away To Extinction [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. DOD Dependents Schools: Enrollment Categories, Numbers, and Locations (No. HEHS-95-149). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dasari, R.A., 2016. Automatic driving system by recognizing road signs using digital image processing (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2006. Court Explores Complexities In Job Discrimination Case. New York Times A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jauch, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Chang and Merzenich, 2003; Jauch, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chang and Merzenich, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Ioffe et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Monetary Economics
AbbreviationJ. Monet. Econ.
ISSN (print)0304-3932
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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