How to format your references using the Journal of Monetary Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Monetary Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Linden, H., 2002. Circadian rhythms. A white collar protein senses blue light. Science 297, 777–778.
A journal article with 2 authors
Whalan, S., Webster, N.S., 2014. Sponge larval settlement cues: the role of microbial biofilms in a warming ocean. Sci. Rep. 4, 4072.
A journal article with 3 authors
Oliet, S.H., Piet, R., Poulain, D.A., 2001. Control of glutamate clearance and synaptic efficacy by glial coverage of neurons. Science 292, 923–926.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen, M., Briscoe, W.H., Armes, S.P., Klein, J., 2009. Lubrication at physiological pressures by polyzwitterionic brushes. Science 323, 1698–1701.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cyr, K.S., 2010. Microsoft® Exchange Server 2010 Administration. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA.
An edited book
Rozvany, G.I.N., Lewiński, T. (Eds.), 2014. Topology Optimization in Structural and Continuum Mechanics, 1st ed, CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences. Springer, Vienna.
A chapter in an edited book
Argamon, S., Koppel, M., 2010. The Rest of the Story: Finding Meaning in Stylistic Variation, in: Argamon, S., Burns, K., Dubnov, S. (Eds.), The Structure of Style: Algorithmic Approaches to Understanding Manner and Meaning. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 79–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Monetary Economics.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Absolutely Massive Subglacial Lake Found Beneath Antarctica’s Ice [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Aircraft Certification: Limited Progress on Developing International Design Standards (No. RCED-92-179). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alvandipour, M., 2017. Thermographic Image Analysis with Gabor Filters (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. Tebow, Hitting .220, Receives a Promotion. New York Times D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knapp, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Cameron, 2015; Nadis, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Whalan and Webster, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Ji et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Monetary Economics
AbbreviationJ. Monet. Econ.
ISSN (print)0304-3932
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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