How to format your references using the Journal of Monetary Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Monetary Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pollitzer, E., 2013. Biology: Cell sex matters. Nature 500, 23–24.
A journal article with 2 authors
Auer, S., Frenkel, D., 2001. Prediction of absolute crystal-nucleation rate in hard-sphere colloids. Nature 409, 1020–1023.
A journal article with 3 authors
Medzhitov, R., Schneider, D.S., Soares, M.P., 2012. Disease tolerance as a defense strategy. Science 335, 936–941.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rodrigo-Navarro, A., Rico, P., Saadeddin, A., Garcia, A.J., Salmeron-Sanchez, M., 2014. Living biointerfaces based on non-pathogenic bacteria to direct cell differentiation. Sci. Rep. 4, 5849.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gage, L.J., 2008. Hand-Rearing Wild and Domestic Mammals. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Golovin, A., 2008. Russian Models from the Mechanisms Collection of Bauman University, History of mechanism and machine Science. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Luenberger, D.G., Ye, Y., 2016. Interior-Point Methods, in: Ye, Y. (Ed.), Linear and Nonlinear Programming, International Series in Operations Research & Management Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 115–147.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Monetary Economics.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. World’s Oldest Human Bone Reportedly Found In Saudi Arabia [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1979. Army’s FY 1980 Programs for Procuring Conventional Ammunition, Modernization, and Expansion (No. LCD-79-416). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lindeboom, T.N., 2014. A new home for transitioning youth: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J.B., 2016. Tax Cuts for Americans Like Trump. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pollitzer, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Auer and Frenkel, 2001; Pollitzer, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Auer and Frenkel, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Rodrigo-Navarro et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Monetary Economics
AbbreviationJ. Monet. Econ.
ISSN (print)0304-3932
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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