How to format your references using the Journal of Algebra citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Algebra. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Hodges, The man behind the machine, Nature. 482 (2012) 441.
A journal article with 2 authors
W. He, T. Ren, Basilar membrane vibration is not involved in the reverse propagation of otoacoustic emissions, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1874.
A journal article with 3 authors
G. Coulthard, W. Erb, V.K. Aggarwal, Stereocontrolled organocatalytic synthesis of prostaglandin PGF2α in seven steps, Nature. 489 (2012) 278–281.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S.D. Polade, D.W. Pierce, D.R. Cayan, A. Gershunov, M.D. Dettinger, The key role of dry days in changing regional climate and precipitation regimes, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4364.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Murphy, Dynamic Assessment, Intelligence and Measurement, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2010.
An edited book
Z. Zhong, ed., Proceedings of the International Conference on Information Engineering and Applications (IEA) 2012: Volume 3, Springer, London, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Greiner, B. Fincke, Government Debt and Human Capital Formation, in: B. Fincke (Ed.), Public Debt, Sustainability and Economic Growth: Theory and Empirics, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 205–232.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Algebra.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Lyrid Meteor Shower Peak Live Webcast, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Environmental Cleanup Costs: NASA Is Making Progress in Identifying Contamination, but More Effort Is Needed, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Robertson, Respite efficacy for parents of adults with intellectual disabilities: An ethnographic perspective, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
RICHARD BERNSTEIN; Sophia Kishkovsky contributed reporting from Moscow for this article, Judy Dempsey of The International Herald Tribune from Berlin, After Centuries of Enmity, Relations Between Poland and Russia Are as Bad as Ever, New York Times. (2005) 14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Algebra
AbbreviationJ. Algebra
ISSN (print)0021-8693
ScopeAlgebra and Number Theory

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