How to format your references using the Journal of Algebra citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Algebra. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
F.J. Sulloway, Psychology. Birth order and intelligence, Science. 316 (2007) 1711–1712.
A journal article with 2 authors
A.H. Guth, D.I. Kaiser, Inflationary cosmology: exploring the universe from the smallest to the largest scales, Science. 307 (2005) 884–890.
A journal article with 3 authors
M.G. Salter, K.A. Franklin, G.C. Whitelam, Gating of the rapid shade-avoidance response by the circadian clock in plants, Nature. 426 (2003) 680–683.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
E. Canzoneri, M. Marzolla, A. Amoresano, G. Verni, A. Serino, Amputation and prosthesis implantation shape body and peripersonal space representations, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2844.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Ibrahim, Microcontroller Based Applied Digital Control, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2006.
An edited book
P. Arena, ed., Dynamical Systems, Wave-Based Computation and Neuro-Inspired Robots, Springer, Vienna, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
G. Gentili, M. Di Napoli, Wrist, Elbow, Axilla – Hand, in: M. Di Napoli (Ed.), The Median Nerve: Motor Conduction Studies, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 17–20.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Algebra.

Blog post
D. Andrew, Five Common Myths About The Ageing Brain And Body, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Government Aircraft: Observations on Travel by Senior Officials, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Takayama, The development of writing in Japanese and English of JHL speakers and the dynamics of bilingual learning, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Viera, Giants’ Manning Needs 12 Stitches After a Collision, New York Times. (2010) B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Algebra
AbbreviationJ. Algebra
ISSN (print)0021-8693
ScopeAlgebra and Number Theory

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