How to format your references using the Journal of Algebra citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Algebra. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R.A. Gibbs, Genome-sequencing anniversary. Bringing genomics and genetics back together, Science. 331 (2011) 548.
A journal article with 2 authors
V. Ramachandran, X. Chen, Degradation of microRNAs by a family of exoribonucleases in Arabidopsis, Science. 321 (2008) 1490–1492.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Lee, S.P. Gross, J. Lee, Improved network community structure improves function prediction, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2197.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Boutros, A.A. Kiger, S. Armknecht, K. Kerr, M. Hild, B. Koch, S.A. Haas, R. Paro, N. Perrimon, Heidelberg Fly Array Consortium, Genome-wide RNAi analysis of growth and viability in Drosophila cells, Science. 303 (2004) 832–835.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety, Guidelines for Managing Process Safety Risks During Organizational Change, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
N.F. Ellerton, Abraham Lincoln’s Cyphering Book and Ten other Extraordinary Cyphering Books, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
C. Martella, R. Shaposhnik, D. Logothetis, Working with Giraph, in: R. Shaposhnik, D. Logothetis (Eds.), Practical Graph Analytics with Apache Giraph, Apress, Berkeley, CA, 2015: pp. 109–136.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Algebra.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, Check Out This Cool Footage Of Dust Devils Tearing Across Mars, IFLScience. (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, National Mediation Board Mandates in the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E.S. Zinda, American Cerberus: Pit Bulls and Psyche in the United States, Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
A. Liptak, M.W. Walsh, Top Court Will Decide Puerto Rico Debt Cases, New York Times. (2015) B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Algebra
AbbreviationJ. Algebra
ISSN (print)0021-8693
ScopeAlgebra and Number Theory

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