How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. M. Lodge, “Faith and science can find common ground,” Nature, vol. 523, no. 7562, p. 503, Jul. 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
C. H. Okubo and A. S. McEwen, “Fracture-controlled paleo-fluid flow in Candor Chasma, Mars,” Science, vol. 315, no. 5814, pp. 983–985, Feb. 2007.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Kinnunen, M. Rodríguez, and P. Törmä, “Pairing gap and in-gap excitations in trapped fermionic superfluids,” Science, vol. 305, no. 5687, pp. 1131–1133, Aug. 2004.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
U. Ben-David et al., “Genetic and transcriptional evolution alters cancer cell line drug response,” Nature, vol. 560, no. 7718, pp. 325–330, Aug. 2018.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Paret and R. Riesco, RFID and Contactless Smart Card Applications. Chichester, West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2005.
An edited book
D. Compagnone, F. Baldini, C. Di Natale, G. Betta, and P. Siciliano, Eds., Sensors: Proceedings of the Second National Conference on Sensors, Rome 19-21 February, 2014, vol. 319. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
C. Yehezkel and B. Haberman, “Bridging the Gap Between School Computing and the ‘Real World,’” in Informatics Education – The Bridge between Using and Understanding Computers: International Conference in Informatics in Secondary Schools – Evolution and Perspectives, ISSEP 2006, Vilnius, Lithuania, November 7-11, 2006. Proceedings, R. T. Mittermeir, Ed. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2006, pp. 38–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Life In Extreme Environments,” IFLScience, Apr. 11, 2014. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Intercollegiate Athletics: Comparison of Selected Characteristics for Men’s and Women’s Programs,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, HEHS-99-3R, Jun. 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. W. Harris, “An examination of the impact of computer-based animations and visualization sequence on student understanding of Hadley Cells in atmospheric circulation,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Sisario, H. Spencer, and S. Ember, “Magazine Loses Suit Charging Defamation,” New York Times, p. B1, Nov. 04, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Control Syst. Technol.
ISSN (print)1063-6536
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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