How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. F. Joyce, “Obituary: Leslie Orgel (1927-2007),” Nature, vol. 450, no. 7170, p. 627, Nov. 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
P. Metrangolo and G. Resnati, “Chemistry. Halogen versus hydrogen,” Science, vol. 321, no. 5891, pp. 918–919, Aug. 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
D. C. Bergquist, F. M. Williams, and C. R. Fisher, “Longevity record for deep-sea invertebrate,” Nature, vol. 403, no. 6769, pp. 499–500, Feb. 2000.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Okada, T. Iitaka, T. Yagi, and K. Aoki, “Electrical conductivity of ice VII,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 5778, Jul. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Darbyshire and D. Hampton, Hedge Fund Modelling and Analysis Using Excel and VBA. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., 2012.
An edited book
S. Brown, K. McIvor, and E. Hodges Snyder, Eds., Sowing Seeds in the City: Ecosystem and Municipal Services. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Fry, T. Galla, and J. M. Binner, “Quantitative Decision-Making Rules for the Next Generation of Smarter Evacuations,” in City Evacuations: An Interdisciplinary Approach, J. Preston, J. M. Binner, L. Branicki, T. Galla, N. Jones, J. King, M. Kolokitha, and M. Smyrnakis, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2015, pp. 63–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology.

Blog post
T. Hale, “Could This New Photo Show The Last Known Wild Jaguar In The US?,” IFLScience, Dec. 09, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Advance Sheets: Volume 74, Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, OGC-95-9, Apr. 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. M. Khayyat, “Use of near field communication technology to prevent consumption and usage of expired products,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. S. Schmidt, “Trump Denies Weighing Whether to Fire Mueller,” New York Times, p. A12, Aug. 10, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Control Syst. Technol.
ISSN (print)1063-6536
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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