How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Mann, “Geomorphology. On patterned ground,” Science, vol. 299, no. 5605, pp. 354–355, Jan. 2003.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. S. B. Wyithe and A. Loeb, “A characteristic size of approximately 10 Mpc for the ionized bubbles at the end of cosmic reionization,” Nature, vol. 432, no. 7014, pp. 194–196, Nov. 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
G. Coulthard, W. Erb, and V. K. Aggarwal, “Stereocontrolled organocatalytic synthesis of prostaglandin PGF2α in seven steps,” Nature, vol. 489, no. 7415, pp. 278–281, Sep. 2012.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Elsabahy et al., “Surface charges and shell crosslinks each play significant roles in mediating degradation, biofouling, cytotoxicity and immunotoxicity for polyphosphoester-based nanoparticles,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 3313, Nov. 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Bosq and D. Blanke, Inference and Prediction in Large Dimensions: Bosq/Inference and Prediction in Large Dimensions. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2007.
An edited book
V. Casares-Giner, P. Manzoni, and A. Pont, Eds., NETWORKING 2011 Workshops: International IFIP TC 6 Workshops, PE-CRN, NC-Pro, WCNS, and SUNSET 2011, Held at NETWORKING 2011, Valencia, Spain, May 13, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, vol. 6827. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
C. Damrongrat, H. Kanai, and M. Ikeda, “Increasing Situational Awareness of Indoor Emergency Simulation Using Multilayered Ontology-Based Floor Plan Representation,” in Human Interface and the Management of Information. Information and Interaction for Health, Safety, Mobility and Complex Environments: 15th International Conference, HCI International 2013, Las Vegas, NV, USA, July 21-26, 2013, Proceedings, Part II, S. Yamamoto, Ed. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013, pp. 39–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology.

Blog post
R. Andrews, “What Type Of Nuclear Weapon Did North Korea Just Detonate?,” IFLScience, Sep. 09, 2016. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Transportation-Disadvantaged Populations: Federal Coordination Efforts Could Be Further Strengthened,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-12-647, Jun. 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B. P. Guzman, “Understanding the factors affecting local emergency service collaboration,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
M. Pilon, “I.O.C. Nominates American, Signaling A Thaw in Relations,” New York Times, p. B12, Jul. 03, 2013.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Control Syst. Technol.
ISSN (print)1063-6536
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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