How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
L. R. Forrest, “Structural biology. (Pseudo-)symmetrical transport,” Science, vol. 339, no. 6118, pp. 399–401, Jan. 2013.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. C. Scholes and R. J. Scholes, “Ecology. Dust unto dust,” Science, vol. 342, no. 6158, pp. 565–566, Nov. 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
D. Panáková, A. A. Werdich, and C. A. Macrae, “Wnt11 patterns a myocardial electrical gradient through regulation of the L-type Ca(2+) channel,” Nature, vol. 466, no. 7308, pp. 874–878, Aug. 2010.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H. W. Yang et al., “Anomalous magnetism in strained La(1-x)Sr(x)CoO3 epitaxial films (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.5),” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 6206, Aug. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Casper, Hollywood Film 1963-1976. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011.
An edited book
C. Dellacherie, Inverse M-Matrices and Ultrametric Matrices, vol. 2118. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
J. L. Fiadeiro and A. Lopes, “A Formal Approach to Event-Based Architectures,” in Fundamental Approaches to Software Engineering: 9th International Conference, FASE 2006, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2006, Vienna, Austria, March 27-28, 2006. Proceedings, L. Baresi and R. Heckel, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2006, pp. 18–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology.

Blog post
S. Luntz, “The Oceans Are Losing Their Largest Species,” IFLScience, Sep. 14, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Automobile Weight and Safety,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, T-PEMD-91-2, Apr. 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. K. Shah, “Data Transmission Using Image Steganography in Quick Response (QR) Code,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, “For the Mets, a Middleman on Call 24/7,” New York Times, p. D1, Nov. 19, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Control Syst. Technol.
ISSN (print)1063-6536
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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