How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. F. L. Maxted, “Astronomy. A ghostly star revealed in silhouette,” Science, vol. 314, no. 5805, pp. 1550–1551, Dec. 2006.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. D. Hatton and C. T. Weaver, “Immunology. T-bet or not T-bet,” Science, vol. 302, no. 5647, pp. 993–994, Nov. 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. A. Davison, C. N. Hunter, and P. Horton, “Overexpression of beta-carotene hydroxylase enhances stress tolerance in Arabidopsis,” Nature, vol. 418, no. 6894, pp. 203–206, Jul. 2002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. Suenaga et al., “Element-selective single atom imaging,” Science, vol. 290, no. 5500, pp. 2280–2282, Dec. 2000.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
E. Hahn-Deinstrop, Dünnschicht-Chromatographie. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2006.
An edited book
A. K. Agarwal, A. Pandey, A. K. Gupta, S. K. Aggarwal, and A. Kushari, Eds., Novel Combustion Concepts for Sustainable Energy Development. New Delhi: Springer India, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
W. Xiao, W. Chu, Z. Lü, T. Ye, G. Liu, and S. Cui, “A Population-Based Strategic Oscillation Algorithm for Linear Ordering Problem with Cumulative Costs,” in Evolutionary Computation in Combinatorial Optimization: 13th European Conference, EvoCOP 2013, Vienna, Austria, April 3-5, 2013. Proceedings, M. Middendorf and C. Blum, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013, pp. 49–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Japanese Whisky Sent Into Space For Aging Aboard The International Space Station,” IFLScience, 05-Aug-2015. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Freight Transportation: Strategies Needed to Address Planning and Financing Limitations,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-04-165, Dec. 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. S. Goldberg, “Poly (amido amine) dendrimers: Transepithelial transport mechanisms and applications in oral drug delivery,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Rothenberg, “Wimbledon’s Qualifying Tournament Is Both 3½ Miles and a World Away,” New York Times, p. B10, 30-Jun-2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Control Syst. Technol.
ISSN (print)1063-6536
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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