How to format your references using the Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. J. S. Kalirai, Nature 486, 90 (2012).
A journal article with 2 authors
1. J.-L. Brédas and R. Silbey, Science 323, 348 (2009).
A journal article with 3 authors
1. P. L. Zarnetske, D. K. Skelly, and M. C. Urban, Science 336, 1516 (2012).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. C. T. Workman, H. C. Mak, S. McCuine, J.-B. Tagne, M. Agarwal, O. Ozier, T. J. Begley, L. D. Samson, and T. Ideker, Science 312, 1054 (2006).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. S. D. Summerhayes, CDM Regulations 2015 Procedures Manual (John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2016).
An edited book
1. T.-C. Zhang, P. Ouyang, S. Kaplan, and B. Skarnes, editors , Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Applied Biotechnology (ICAB 2012): Volume 1 (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014).
A chapter in an edited book
1. G. A. Rummler and A. J. Ramias, in Handbook on Business Process Management 1: Introduction, Methods, and Information Systems, edited by J. vom Brocke and M. Rosemann (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2015), pp. 81–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization.

Blog post
1. S. Luntz, IFLScience (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office, DOD Major Automated Information Systems: Improvements Can Be Made in Applying Leading Practices for Managing Risk and Testing (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2017).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. S. Xiao, Effects of Adsorbates on the Electronic Properties of Graphene, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. L. Greenhouse, New York Times A16 (2008).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Food Measurement and Characterization
ISSN (print)2193-4126
ISSN (online)2193-4134
ScopeFood Science
General Chemical Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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