How to format your references using the Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wiechert, U. H. (2002). Geology. Earth’s early atmosphere. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5602), 2341–2342.
A journal article with 2 authors
Peters, D. H., & Bloom, G. (2012). Developing world: Bring order to unregulated health markets. Nature, 487(7406), 163–165.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lutz, W., Sanderson, W., & Scherbov, S. (2008). The coming acceleration of global population ageing. Nature, 451(7179), 716–719.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
de la Rocha, J., Doiron, B., Shea-Brown, E., Josić, K., & Reyes, A. (2007). Correlation between neural spike trains increases with firing rate. Nature, 448(7155), 802–806.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Epperlein, P. W. (2013). Semiconductor Laser Engineering, Reliability and Diagnostics. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Arcoumanis, C., & Kamimoto, T. (Eds.). (2009). Flow and Combustion in Reciprocating Engines. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cooper, M. (2006). The Importance of Open Networks in Sustaining the Digital Revolution. In T. M. Lenard & R. J. May (Eds.), Net Neutrality or Net Neutering: Should Broadband Internet Services be Regulated (pp. 109–161). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 5). Lexus Have Seriously Built A Working Hoverboard. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Human Capital: Building the Information Technology Workforce to Achieve Results (No. GAO-01-1007T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zuckerman, T. (2017). The Effect of Communication Between Parents and their Emerging Adult Offspring on Depression and Career Search Self-efficacy (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, November 12). How Broken Must College Football Be to Fix It? New York Times, p. B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wiechert 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Peters and Bloom 2012; Wiechert 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Peters and Bloom 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (de la Rocha et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics
AbbreviationJ. Agric. Environ. Ethics
ISSN (print)1187-7863
ISSN (online)1573-322X
ScopeAgricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
General Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry

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