How to format your references using the Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marx, V. (2014). When disease strikes from nowhere. Nature, 513(7518), 445–448.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chenn, A., & Walsh, C. A. (2002). Regulation of cerebral cortical size by control of cell cycle exit in neural precursors. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5580), 365–369.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fontana, L., Partridge, L., & Longo, V. D. (2010). Extending healthy life span--from yeast to humans. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5976), 321–326.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Daley, A. C., Budd, G. E., Caron, J.-B., Edgecombe, G. D., & Collins, D. (2009). The Burgess Shale anomalocaridid Hurdia and its significance for early euarthropod evolution. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5921), 1597–1600.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Law, H. (2013). The Psychology of Coaching, Mentoring and Learning. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons.
An edited book
Attal, S., Joye, A., & Pillet, C.-A. (Eds.). (2006). Open Quantum Systems I: The Hamiltonian Approach (Vol. 1880). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Arandjelović, O., & Zisserman, A. (2006). On Film Character Retrieval in Feature-Length Films. In R. I. Hammoud (Ed.), Interactive Video: Algorithms and Technologies (pp. 89–105). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 29). Hefty Hedgehog Freed from Railings After Becoming Trapped Overnight. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). International Aviation: Implications of Ratifying Montreal Aviation Protocol No. 3 (No. RCED-91-45). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yanez, A. M. (2010). Chicano and Black radical activism of the 1960s: A comparison between the Brown Berets and the Black Panther Party in California (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2002, November 3). When Windows on a Building Become Windows of the Soul. New York Times, p. 148.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marx 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Chenn and Walsh 2002; Marx 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chenn and Walsh 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Daley et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics
AbbreviationJ. Agric. Environ. Ethics
ISSN (print)1187-7863
ISSN (online)1573-322X
ScopeAgricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
General Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry

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