How to format your references using the Japanese Dental Science Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Japanese Dental Science Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Balter M. SPONGIFORM DISEASE: Experts Downplay New vCJD Fears. Science 2000;289:1663b–6b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Abrams DM, Strogatz SH. Linguistics: modelling the dynamics of language death. Nature 2003;424:900.
A journal article with 3 authors
Iwasawa T, Hooley RJ, Rebek J Jr. Stabilization of labile carbonyl addition intermediates by a synthetic receptor. Science 2007;317:493–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Cohen SB, Graham ME, Lovrecz GO, Bache N, Robinson PJ, Reddel RR. Protein composition of catalytically active human telomerase from immortal cells. Science 2007;315:1850–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dal Pont J-P, Azzaro-Pantel C. New Approaches to the Process Industries. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Dastani M, Hübner JF, Logan B, editors. Programming Multi-Agent Systems: 10th International Workshop, ProMAS 2012, Valencia, Spain, June 5, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. vol. 7837. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Calewaert J-B, Weaver P, Gunn V, Gorringe P, Novellino A. The European Marine Data and Observation Network (EMODnet): Your Gateway to European Marine and Coastal Data. In: Zerr B, Jaulin L, Creuze V, Debese N, Quidu I, Clement B, et al., editors. Quantitative Monitoring of the Underwater Environment: Results of the International Marine Science and Technology Event MOQESM´14 in Brest, France, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 31–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Japanese Dental Science Review.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. No, An Asteroid Isn’t Going To Hit Earth And Kill Us All Any Time Soon. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Medicaid Managed Care: Access and Quality Requirements Specific to Low-Income and Other Special Needs Enrollees. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boyer MD. Organizational improvisation within an episodic planning model: A systems perspective. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. Insider Named President of Farmingdale College. New York Times 2007:LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJapanese Dental Science Review
AbbreviationJpn. Dent. Sci. Rev.
ISSN (print)1882-7616
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

Other styles