How to format your references using the Japanese Dental Science Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Japanese Dental Science Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sastry S. The relationship between fragility, configurational entropy and the potential energy landscape of glass-forming liquids. Nature 2001;409:164–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Baxter I, Dilkes BP. Elemental profiles reflect plant adaptations to the environment. Science 2012;336:1661–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
George AM, Iñiguez J, Bellaiche L. Anomalous properties in ferroelectrics induced by atomic ordering. Nature 2001;413:54–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gibbs HL, Sorenson MD, Marchetti K, Brooke MD, Davies NB, Nakamura H. Genetic evidence for female host-specific races of the common cuckoo. Nature 2000;407:183–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Häberlin H. Photovoltaics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
Jin D, Lin S, editors. Advances in Electronic Commerce, Web Application and Communication: Volume 2. vol. 149. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Tazreiter C, Weber L, Pickering S, Segrave M, McKernan H. Indonesian Temporary Migrants: Australia as First Preference or Last Resort? In: Weber L, Pickering S, Segrave M, McKernan H, editors. Fluid Security in the Asia Pacific: Transnational Lives, Human Rights and State Control, London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016, p. 53–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Japanese Dental Science Review.

Blog post
Luntz S. Groundbreaking New Study Transforms Skin Cells Into Healthy Liver Cells. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. FAA’s Voice Switching and Control System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cuthbertson TH. The fool’s replies: Toward a poetics of folly in Shakespeare’s comedies. Doctoral dissertation. Indiana University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: U.S. Begins Return Of Soviet Documents. New York Times 2002:A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJapanese Dental Science Review
AbbreviationJpn. Dent. Sci. Rev.
ISSN (print)1882-7616
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

Other styles