How to format your references using the Japanese Dental Science Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Japanese Dental Science Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chapman T. Lab automation and robotics: Automation on the move. Nature 2003;421:661, 663, 665–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Saarela J, Finnäs F. Infant mortality and ethnicity in an indigenous European population: novel evidence from the Finnish population register. Sci Rep 2014;4:4214.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hartgerink JD, Beniash E, Stupp SI. Self-assembly and mineralization of peptide-amphiphile nanofibers. Science 2001;294:1684–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mahajan D, Boh BK, Zhou Y, Chen L, Cornvik TC, Hong W, et al. Mammalian Mon2/Ysl2 regulates endosome-to-Golgi trafficking but possesses no guanine nucleotide exchange activity toward Arl1 GTPase. Sci Rep 2013;3:3362.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moreau E, Adali T. Blind Identification and Separation of Complex-Valued Signals. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Azar AT, Vaidyanathan S, editors. Computational Intelligence Applications in Modeling and Control. vol. 575. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Li H. Parameterization of 3D Conformal Transformations in Conformal Geometric Algebra. In: Bayro-Corrochano E, Scheuermann G, editors. Geometric Algebra Computing: in Engineering and Computer Science, London: Springer; 2010, p. 71–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Japanese Dental Science Review.

Blog post
Luntz S. The Gulf Stream Is Weakening, Bad News For The North Atlantic. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Broadcasting Board of Governors: Additional Steps Needed to Address Overlap in International Broadcasting. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Quick TD. Faith-based charter school success at education ground zero. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tavernise S, Kovaleski SF, Turkewitz J. ‘I Wish I Could Tell You He Was a Miserable Bastard.’ New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJapanese Dental Science Review
AbbreviationJpn. Dent. Sci. Rev.
ISSN (print)1882-7616
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

Other styles