How to format your references using the International Journal of Applied Earth Observations and Geoinformation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Applied Earth Observations and Geoinformation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sethmann, I., 2013. Materials science. Creating flexible calcite fibers with proteins. Science 339, 1281–1282.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bandyopadhyay, P.R., Hellum, A.M., 2014. Modeling how shark and dolphin skin patterns control transitional wall-turbulence vorticity patterns using spatiotemporal phase reset mechanisms. Sci. Rep. 4, 6650.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wardle, D.A., Nilsson, M.-C., Zackrisson, O., 2008. Fire-derived charcoal causes loss of forest humus. Science 320, 629.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cherian, P.T., Wu, X., Maddox, M.M., Singh, A.P., Lee, R.E., Hurdle, J.G., 2014. Chemical modulation of the biological activity of reutericyclin: a membrane-active antibiotic from Lactobacillus reuteri. Sci. Rep. 4, 4721.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety, American Industrial Hygiene Association, 2009. Continuous Monitoring for Hazardous Material Releases. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Gillispie, C.C., 2014. Lazare and Sadi Carnot: A Scientific and Filial Relationship, 2nd ed. 2014. ed, History of Mechanism and Machine Science. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Wagner, T., Moldt, D., 2015. Integrating Agent Actions and Workflow Operations, in: Müller, J.P., Ketter, W., Kaminka, G., Wagner, G., Bulling, N. (Eds.), Multiagent System Technologies: 13th German Conference, MATES 2015, Cottbus, Germany, September 28 - 30, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 61–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Applied Earth Observations and Geoinformation.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. Hair Bleach May Have Powered the Origins Of Life [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Student Loans: Direct Loans Could Save Billions in First 5 Years With Proper Implementation (No. HRD-93-27). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fountain, J.M., 2014. Differences in Generational Work Values in America and Their Implications for Educational Leadership: A Longitudinal Test of Twenge’s Model (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, L., 2007. The Complexities of Keeping It Small and Simple. New York Times F10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sethmann, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Bandyopadhyay and Hellum, 2014; Sethmann, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bandyopadhyay and Hellum, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Cherian et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Applied Earth Observations and Geoinformation
ISSN (print)0303-2434
ScopeComputers in Earth Sciences
Earth-Surface Processes
Global and Planetary Change
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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