How to format your references using the International Journal of Applied Earth Observations and Geoinformation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Applied Earth Observations and Geoinformation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kelley, K.A., 2014. Geophysics. Inside Earth runs hot and cold. Science 344, 51–52.
A journal article with 2 authors
Minamino, T., Namba, K., 2008. Distinct roles of the FliI ATPase and proton motive force in bacterial flagellar protein export. Nature 451, 485–488.
A journal article with 3 authors
Våge, S., Storesund, J.E., Thingstad, T.F., 2013. SAR11 viruses and defensive host strains. Nature 499, E3-4.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Qi, H., Cannons, J.L., Klauschen, F., Schwartzberg, P.L., Germain, R.N., 2008. SAP-controlled T-B cell interactions underlie germinal centre formation. Nature 455, 764–769.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sinclair, E., 2013. Volatility Trading. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Xu, D., Du, Donglei, Du, Dingzhu (Eds.), 2015. Computing and Combinatorics: 21st International Conference, COCOON 2015, Beijing, China, August 4-6, 2015, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Nussbaum, N.L., Shepard, K.N., 2009. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, in: Fletcher-Janzen, E. (Ed.), The Neuropsychology of Women, Issues of Diversity in Clinical Neuropsychology. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 1–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Applied Earth Observations and Geoinformation.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2017. Scientists Develop A New Method That Might Stop HIV From Replicating [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016. Genetically Engineered Crops: USDA Needs to Enhance Oversight and Better Understand Impacts of Unintended Mixing with Other Crops (No. GAO-16-241). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Englebrecht, K.M., 2012. Healing the invisible wounds: A grant proposal for female veterans suffering from PTSD (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2017. Theater; The Class Divide, And Its Lessons. New York Times AR2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kelley, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Kelley, 2014; Minamino and Namba, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Minamino and Namba, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Qi et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Applied Earth Observations and Geoinformation
ISSN (print)0303-2434
ScopeComputers in Earth Sciences
Earth-Surface Processes
Global and Planetary Change
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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