How to format your references using the International Journal of Applied Earth Observations and Geoinformation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Applied Earth Observations and Geoinformation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoogland, J.L., 2013. Prairie dogs disperse when all close kin have disappeared. Science 339, 1205–1207.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nielsen, R., Hubisz, M.J., 2005. Evolutionary genomics: detecting selection needs comparative data. Nature 433, E6; discussion E7-8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Haerizadeh, F., Singh, M.B., Bhalla, P.L., 2006. Transcriptional repression distinguishes somatic from germ cell lineages in a plant. Science 313, 496–499.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Seiffert, E.R., Simons, E.L., Clyde, W.C., Rossie, J.B., Attia, Y., Bown, T.M., Chatrath, P., Mathison, M.E., 2005. Basal anthropoids from Egypt and the antiquity of Africa’s higher primate radiation. Science 310, 300–304.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Hara, B.T., Malisow, B., 2017. CCSP® (ISC) 2® Certified Cloud Security Professional Official Study Guide. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Sutovsky, P. (Ed.), 2014. Posttranslational Protein Modifications in the Reproductive System, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Thomas, E.M., Temko, A., Lightbody, G., Marnane, W.P., Boylan, G.B., 2011. Advances in Automated Neonatal Seizure Detection, in: Ruano, A.E., Várkonyi-Kóczy, A.R. (Eds.), New Advances in Intelligent Signal Processing, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 93–113.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Applied Earth Observations and Geoinformation.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015. Luke And Leia Might Be Twins - But Thanks To Space Travel, They Wouldn’t Be The Same Age [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. Aviation Safety: Data Problems Threaten FAA Strides on Safety Analysis System (No. AIMD-95-27). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oppenheimer, C., 2010. Use of bibliotherapy as an adjunctive therapy with bereaved children: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., 2016. Some Live Colbert Shows Planned After Debates. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoogland, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Hoogland, 2013; Nielsen and Hubisz, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nielsen and Hubisz, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Seiffert et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Applied Earth Observations and Geoinformation
ISSN (print)0303-2434
ScopeComputers in Earth Sciences
Earth-Surface Processes
Global and Planetary Change
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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