How to format your references using the International Journal of Applied Earth Observations and Geoinformation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Applied Earth Observations and Geoinformation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, M., 2010. Whole-animal imaging: Probe progress. Nature 463, 979.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu, Y., Daum, P.H., 2002. Anthropogenic aerosols. Indirect warming effect from dispersion forcing. Nature 419, 580–581.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bylicka, B., Chruściński, D., Maniscalco, S., 2014. Non-Markovianity and reservoir memory of quantum channels: a quantum information theory perspective. Sci. Rep. 4, 5720.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
De Angeli, A., Monachello, D., Ephritikhine, G., Frachisse, J.M., Thomine, S., Gambale, F., Barbier-Brygoo, H., 2006. The nitrate/proton antiporter AtCLCa mediates nitrate accumulation in plant vacuoles. Nature 442, 939–942.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hartfuß, H.-J., Geist, T., 2013. Fusion Plasma Diagnostics with mm-Waves. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Marwala, T., 2011. Militarized Conflict Modeling Using Computational Intelligence, Advanced Information and Knowledge Processing. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Ralston, S.J., 2015. Getting It Out on the Net: Decentralized Networked Learning Through Online Pre-publication, in: Jandrić, P., Boras, D. (Eds.), Critical Learning in Digital Networks. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 57–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Applied Earth Observations and Geoinformation.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2017. Potential Oldest Fossils Found Around Ancient Hydrothermal Vents [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. FTS 2000 Recompetition: Opportunity Exists for Better Prices (No. T-IMTEC-92-1). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Steinberg, J., 2015. The Social Construction of Beauty: Body Modification Examined Through the Lens of Social Learning Theory (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Casselman, B., 2017. The Start-Up Slump Is a Drag on the Economy. Maybe Big Business Is to Blame. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Watts, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Ball, 2013; Couzin-Frankel, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liu and Daum, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Pardini et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Applied Earth Observations and Geoinformation
ISSN (print)0303-2434
ScopeComputers in Earth Sciences
Earth-Surface Processes
Global and Planetary Change
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles