How to format your references using the International Journal of Applied Earth Observations and Geoinformation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Applied Earth Observations and Geoinformation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Christianson, D.W., 2006. Biochemistry. Five golden rings. Science 311, 1382–1383.
A journal article with 2 authors
Booth, B., Bellouin, N., 2015. Climate change: Black carbon and atmospheric feedbacks. Nature 519, 167–168.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bietenholz, M.F., Bartel, N., Rupen, M.P., 2004. Discovery of a compact radio component in the center of supernova 1986J. Science 304, 1947–1949.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, Z., Wang, J., Li, M., Sun, K., Liu, C.-J., 2014. Three-dimensional printed acrylonitrile butadiene styrene framework coated with Cu-BTC metal-organic frameworks for the removal of methylene blue. Sci. Rep. 4, 5939.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kricheldorf, H.R., 2012. Menschen und ihre Materialien. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Layne, P.C., Lake, P. (Eds.), 2015. Global Innovation of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education: Transgressing Boundaries, Professional Learning and Development in Schools and Higher Education. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Komar, A., Dvorak, J., 2011. Theoretical Issues of Food Chain Security and Case Studies in the Czech Army, in: Alpas, H., Berkowicz, S.M., Ermakova, I. (Eds.), Environmental Security and Ecoterrorism, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 55–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Applied Earth Observations and Geoinformation.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. Volcanic Popcorn To Keep Houses Warm [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1975. National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Equal Employment Opportunity Program Could Be Improved (No. FPCD-75-107). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sun, Z., 2013. A qualitative study of Chinese parents’ beliefs, involvement and challenges in support of their children’s English language development in China (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Abad, S., Casey, N., 2017. Race Is On to Find Survivors of Colombia Mudslide. New York Times A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Christianson, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Booth and Bellouin, 2015; Christianson, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Booth and Bellouin, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Applied Earth Observations and Geoinformation
ISSN (print)0303-2434
ScopeComputers in Earth Sciences
Earth-Surface Processes
Global and Planetary Change
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles