How to format your references using the Frontiers in Zoology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Zoology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Rothwell N. One more thing. Nature. 2004;427:683.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Tao FF, Salmeron M. In situ studies of chemistry and structure of materials in reactive environments. Science. 2011;331:171–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. He Y, Xue G-H, Fu J-Z. Fabrication of low cost soft tissue prostheses with the desktop 3D printer. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6973.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zhang G, Wu H, Li G, Huang Q, Yang C, Huang F, et al. New high T(c) multiferroics KBiFe₂O₅ with narrow band gap and promising photovoltaic effect. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1265.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Gupta KM, Gupta N. Advanced Electrical and Electronics Materials. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
1. Marcaide J-M, Weiler KW, editors. Cosmic Explosions: On the 10th Anniversary of SN1993J (IAU Colloquium 192). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kunusch C, Puleston P, Mayosky M. Assessment of SOSM Techniques Applied to Fuel Cells. Case Study: Electric Vehicle Stoichiometry Control. In: Puleston P, Mayosky M, editors. Sliding-Mode Control of PEM Fuel Cells. London: Springer; 2012. p. 73–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Zoology.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. Our Solar System May Have Had An Extra Fifth Giant Planet In The Past [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/our-solar-system-may-have-had-extra-fifth-giant-planet-past/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Global Positioning System: Challenges in Sustaining and Upgrading Capabilities Persist. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010 Sep. Report No.: GAO-10-636.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Yamada M. The role of the TRANSPORT INHIBITOR RESPONSE2 (TIR2) gene in auxin synthesis in Arabidopsis [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. In Seeking Taxes, New York Challenges India and Mongolia in U.S. Supreme Court. New York Times. 2007 Apr 25;B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Zoology
AbbreviationFront. Zool.
ISSN (online)1742-9994
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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