How to format your references using the Journal of Aging Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Aging Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Horn, K. (2004). Physics. Charging atoms, one by one. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5683), 483–484.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ghalambor, C. K., & Martin, T. E. (2001). Fecundity-survival trade-offs and parental risk-taking in birds. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5516), 494–497.
A journal article with 3 authors
Berson, D. M., Dunn, F. A., & Takao, M. (2002). Phototransduction by retinal ganglion cells that set the circadian clock. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5557), 1070–1073.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bernardi, R., Guernah, I., Jin, D., Grisendi, S., Alimonti, A., Teruya-Feldstein, J., Cordon-Cardo, C., Simon, M. C., Rafii, S., & Pandolfi, P. P. (2006). PML inhibits HIF-1alpha translation and neoangiogenesis through repression of mTOR. Nature, 442(7104), 779–785.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tang, C. (2016). The Data Industry: The Business and Economics of Information and Big Data. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tosti, A., Beer, K., & De Padova, M. P. (Eds.). (2012). Management of Complications of Cosmetic Procedures: Handling Common and More Uncommon Problems. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cheroutre, H., & Huang, Y. (2013). Crosstalk Between Adaptive and Innate Immune Cells Leads to High Quality Immune Protection at the Mucosal Borders. In P. D. Katsikis, S. P. Schoenberger, & B. Pulendran (Eds.), Crossroads Between Innate and Adaptive Immunity IV (pp. 43–47). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Aging Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, October 13). Superbugs 1, The World 0. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1981). Coordinating and Linking Programs Directed Toward Increasing the Numbers of Minority and Disadvantaged Individuals in the Health Professions (HRD-81-87). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lazareva, O. (2010). Constructed wetland/filter basin system as a prospective pre-treatment option for aquifer storage and recovery and a potential remedy for elevated arsenic [Doctoral dissertation]. University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gabler, E., Fink, S., & Yee, V. (2017, September 23). A Preventable Descent Into Suffocating Chaos. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Horn, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Ghalambor & Martin, 2001; Horn, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ghalambor & Martin, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Berson et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bernardi et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Aging Studies
AbbreviationJ. Aging Stud.
ISSN (print)0890-4065
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Health Policy
Issues, ethics and legal aspects

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