How to format your references using the Journal of Aging Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Aging Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hatten, M. E. (2002). New directions in neuronal migration. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5587), 1660–1663.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hellman, A., & Chess, A. (2007). Gene body-specific methylation on the active X chromosome. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5815), 1141–1143.
A journal article with 3 authors
Biertümpfel, C., Yang, W., & Suck, D. (2007). Crystal structure of T4 endonuclease VII resolving a Holliday junction. Nature, 449(7162), 616–620.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Simon, A. F., Shih, C., Mack, A., & Benzer, S. (2003). Steroid control of longevity in Drosophila melanogaster. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5611), 1407–1410.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yoder, C. H., Leber, P. A., & Thomsen, M. W. (2010). The Bridge to Organic Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kokinov, B., Richardson, D. C., Roth-Berghofer, T. R., & Vieu, L. (Eds.). (2007). Modeling and Using Context: 6th International and Interdisciplinary Conference, CONTEXT 2007, Roskilde, Denmark, August 20-24, 2007. Proceedings (Vol. 4635). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Clayton, W. S., Petri, B. G., & Huling, S. G. (2011). Fundamentals of ISCO Using Ozone. In R. L. Siegrist, M. Crimi, & T. J. Simpkin (Eds.), In Situ Chemical Oxidation for Groundwater Remediation (pp. 193–232). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Aging Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, April 17). Brainy Bones: The Hidden Complexity Inside Your Skeleton. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Army Logistics: Better Approach Needed to Identify Systemic Causes of Problem Parts (NSIAD-93-86). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia, R. (2010). The California State University education doctorate: Public policy for the public good [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schilling, M. K. (2016, September 15). Simply Grand. New York Times, M2218.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hatten, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Hatten, 2002; Hellman & Chess, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hellman & Chess, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Biertümpfel et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Simon et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Aging Studies
AbbreviationJ. Aging Stud.
ISSN (print)0890-4065
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Health Policy
Issues, ethics and legal aspects

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