How to format your references using the Journal of Aging Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Aging Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Attaran, A. (2004). Where did it all go wrong? Nature, 430(7002), 932–933.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gan, J., & Appenzeller, T. (2014). 2013 Visualization Challenge. Introduction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6171), 599.
A journal article with 3 authors
Laliberté, E., Zemunik, G., & Turner, B. L. (2014). Environmental filtering explains variation in plant diversity along resource gradients. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6204), 1602–1605.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Grigg, M. E., Bonnefoy, S., Hehl, A. B., Suzuki, Y., & Boothroyd, J. C. (2001). Success and virulence in Toxoplasma as the result of sexual recombination between two distinct ancestries. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5540), 161–165.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vacca, J. R. (2006). Optical Networking Best Practices Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Devos, A. S., & Blickman, J. G. (Eds.). (2008). Radiological Imaging of the Digestive Tract in Infants and Children. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Suoranta, S., Andrade, A., & Aura, T. (2012). Strong Authentication with Mobile Phone. In D. Gollmann & F. C. Freiling (Eds.), Information Security: 15th International Conference, ISC 2012, Passau, Germany, September 19-21, 2012. Proceedings (pp. 70–85). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Aging Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 6). These Simulations Let You Visualize What It Would Look Like If The The Hiroshima Atomic Bomb Hit Your City. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Air Traffic Control: Weak Computer Security Practices Jeopardize Flight Safety (AIMD-98-155). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ritter, D. (2008). The EU and conflict: Critically assessing the success of the ESDP and its impact in conflict areas [Doctoral dissertation]. University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M. M. (2017, June 5). Familiar Cycle of Partisan Combat Churns Again, and Trump Is Again at the Center. New York Times, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Attaran, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Attaran, 2004; Gan & Appenzeller, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gan & Appenzeller, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Laliberté et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Grigg et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Aging Studies
AbbreviationJ. Aging Stud.
ISSN (print)0890-4065
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Health Policy
Issues, ethics and legal aspects

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