How to format your references using the Journal of Aging Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Aging Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, M. (2010). Structural biology: Crystal-clear images. Nature, 465(7299), 824–825.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kliebenstein, D. J., & Rowe, H. C. (2009). Plant science. Anti-rust antitrust. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5919), 1301–1302.
A journal article with 3 authors
Green, S. A., Simoes-Costa, M., & Bronner, M. E. (2015). Evolution of vertebrates as viewed from the crest. Nature, 520(7548), 474–482.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Asahara, A., Chen, S., Ito, T., Yoshita, M., Liu, W., Zhang, B., … Akiyama, H. (2014). Direct generation of 2-ps blue pulses from gain-switched InGaN VCSEL assessed by up-conversion technique. Scientific Reports, 4, 6401.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alberty, R. A. (2006). Biochemical Thermodynamics: Applications of Mathmatica. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Leal Filho, W., Úbelis, A., & Bērziņa, D. (Eds.). (2015). Sustainable Development, Knowledge Society and Smart Future Manufacturing Technologies. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kwok-bun, C., & Wai-wan, C. (2012). Social Strain and the Adaptive Behavior of Hong Kong Return Migrants. In C. Plüss & K.-B. Chan (Eds.), Living Intersections: Transnational Migrant Identifications in Asia (pp. 73–99). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Aging Studies.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, November 18). Fossil Fuel Emissions Have Stalled: Global Carbon Budget 2016. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Index Digest of the Published Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Volumes 66-70, September 1991 (No. 156871). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, B. G. (2010). Mercury-containing species and carbon dioxide adsorption studies on inorganic compounds using density functional theory (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2013, August 27). Long Security Lines Surprise Fans. New York Times, p. B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Baker, 2010; Kliebenstein & Rowe, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kliebenstein & Rowe, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Green, Simoes-Costa, & Bronner, 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Asahara et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Aging Studies
AbbreviationJ. Aging Stud.
ISSN (print)0890-4065
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Health Policy
Issues, ethics and legal aspects

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