How to format your references using the Journal of Aging Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Aging Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2003). Redressing the balance. Nature, 424(6948), 593.
A journal article with 2 authors
Knust, E., & Bossinger, O. (2002). Composition and formation of intercellular junctions in epithelial cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5600), 1955–1959.
A journal article with 3 authors
Guo, F.-Q., Okamoto, M., & Crawford, N. M. (2003). Identification of a plant nitric oxide synthase gene involved in hormonal signaling. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5642), 100–103.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hughes, T. P., Anderson, K. D., Connolly, S. R., Heron, S. F., Kerry, J. T., Lough, J. M., Baird, A. H., Baum, J. K., Berumen, M. L., Bridge, T. C., Claar, D. C., Eakin, C. M., Gilmour, J. P., Graham, N. A. J., Harrison, H., Hobbs, J.-P. A., Hoey, A. S., Hoogenboom, M., Lowe, R. J., … Wilson, S. K. (2018). Spatial and temporal patterns of mass bleaching of corals in the Anthropocene. Science (New York, N.Y.), 359(6371), 80–83.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Doerfler, W. (2007). Foreign DNA in Mammalian Systems. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Muniappan, R., & Heinrichs, E. A. (Eds.). (2016). Integrated Pest Management of Tropical Vegetable Crops. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Taneja, P., Vellinga, T., & Ros, R. (2014). Role of Flexibility in Sustainable Port Development. In A. V. Gheorghe, M. Masera, & P. F. Katina (Eds.), Infranomics: Sustainability, Engineering Design and Governance (pp. 41–53). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Aging Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 6). Shark Safety Tips: Sorting Out Fact From Fiction. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1979). GAO’s Need for an Interim Management Data System (MDS) (B-161744). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tomko, P. R. (2012). Understanding the factors affecting the influence of children on their parents’ total purchases [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Powell, M. (2017, August 8). An Athlete of His Time, Painted as a Top Villain. New York Times, B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Knust & Bossinger, 2002; Smaglik, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Knust & Bossinger, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Guo et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hughes et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Aging Studies
AbbreviationJ. Aging Stud.
ISSN (print)0890-4065
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Health Policy
Issues, ethics and legal aspects

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