How to format your references using the Journal of Aging Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Aging Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Johnson, C. N. (2005). Anthropology. The remaking of Australia’s ecology. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5732), 255–256.
A journal article with 2 authors
Siemers, B. M., & Schnitzler, H.-U. (2004). Echolocation signals reflect niche differentiation in five sympatric congeneric bat species. Nature, 429(6992), 657–661.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang, L., Treisman, A., & Pashler, H. (2007). Characterizing the limits of human visual awareness. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5839), 823–825.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Glotzer, J. B., Saltik, M., Chiocca, S., Michou, A. I., Moseley, P., & Cotten, M. (2000). Activation of heat-shock response by an adenovirus is essential for virus replication. Nature, 407(6801), 207–211.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McCrary, S. A. (2010). Mastering Corporate Finance Essentials. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Calisesi, Y., Bonnet, R.-M., Gray, L., Langen, J., & Lockwood, M. (Eds.). (2007). Solar Variability and Planetary Climates (Vol. 23). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sims, T. L., & Robbins, T. P. (2009). Gametophytic Self-Incompatibility in Petunia. In T. Gerats & J. Strommer (Eds.), Petunia: Evolutionary, Developmental and Physiological Genetics (pp. 85–106). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Aging Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 10). Chemistry Nobel DNA Research Lays Foundation For New Ways To Fight Cancer. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1971). Examination of Disbursing Transactions, Naval Supply Corps School, Athens, Georgia (No. 092598). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moran, J. A. (2009). Investigating the circumstellar environments of young stars with the PROMPT polarimeter [Doctoral dissertation]. University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2016, January 5). Struggling Puerto Rico Defaults on Its Debt Payments. New York Times, B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Johnson, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Johnson, 2005; Siemers & Schnitzler, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Siemers & Schnitzler, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Huang et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Glotzer et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Aging Studies
AbbreviationJ. Aging Stud.
ISSN (print)0890-4065
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Health Policy
Issues, ethics and legal aspects

Other styles